The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 90, July 1986 - April, 1987

Book Reviews

an expedition by Colonel Ranald S. Mackenzie and the Fourth Cavalry
against Kickapoo Indians residing in northern Mexico. Mackenzie's
troops crossed the Rio Grande on May 18, 1873. Their objective was to
destroy the Kickapoos' horse herds and burn their grass-lodge villages
to prevent future raids into South Texas.
The author praises Colonel Mackenzie's military leadership. He ar-
gues that Mackenzie was a careful military planner and superb field
commander. Mackenzie's troops captured sixty-five Kickapoo horses,
killed nineteen Indians, and took forty-one prisoners while suffering
only three casualties. More importantly, Mackenzie's raid had long-
term consequences. It dramatically reduced Indian raids into Texas
and led to the removal of approximately 3oo Kickapoos from Mexico
to Fort Sill in present-day Oklahoma.
This book adds to our understanding of military history. Thompson
accurately retraces the invasion route of the Fourth Cavalry from Texas
to three Kickapoo villages and its return to the United States through
Remolino, Mexico. Black and white photos of military commanders,
camp sites, and aerial views of both the Texas and Mexican side of the
Rio Grande enhance the text.
This monograph has several shortcomings that limit its usefulness.
Military events are not placed against the broader context of United
States and Mexican history or Indian-white relations. The poorly writ-
ten narrative is factual rather than analytical. The untitled chapters
lack a thematic unity. This volume is full of unwarranted racial stereo-
typing. Mackenzie and his officers are viewed as honorable men while
Mexicans are shown as a hapless people. The one-dimensional por-
trayal of the Kickapoos as villainous red marauders, half-naked sav-
ages, and wild cunning Indians is especially troublesome.
Persons interested in Mackenzie's invasion of Mexico and his brutal
attack on Kickapoo men, women, and children should consult the
scholarship of Arrell M. Gibson, Lessing H. Nohl, Jr., Robert Utley,
and Ernest S. Wallace before reading this unbalanced book.
The University of Texas at Arlington KENNETH R. PHILP
The Governor's Mansion of Texas: A Historic Tour. By Drury Blakely Alex-
ander, Joe B. Frantz, Jack Maguire, and Audray Bateman Randle.
(Austin: Friends of the Governor's Mansion, 1985. Pp. viii+ 16o.
Introduction, photographs, illustrations, bibliography, index.
$24.95, cloth; $14.95, paper.)
Shortly after his election in November, 1978, Governor and Mrs.
William P. Clements realized that the Texas Governor's Mansion was in
desperate need of restoration. At the governor's request, the legislature

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 90, July 1986 - April, 1987. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117152/. Accessed September 20, 2014.