The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 95, July 1991 - April, 1992

Book Revzews

Although World War II remains a much-studied dramatic moment in the
twentieth century, until recently few conceded that women had aided in the
conflict in capacities other than secretaries and office help. College textbooks
still have a long way to go before they will provide a more balanced treatment
of' women's involvement in the war. Meanwhile, Green's book and the other col-
lections of letters and diaries that, perhaps, are still waiting to be rescued from
basements, attics, and old trunks offer a necessary corrective to prevalent pat-
terns of historical neglect.
Green's letters are complemented by the recent appearance of Charity
Adams Earley's One Woman's Army: A Black Officer Remembers the War (1989).
Taken together these books place women, one black and one white, at the cen-
ter of the World War II military experience. If there is one thing missing from
Green's account it is an awareness of or sensitivity to racial differences, or that
black women may have been encountering radically different problems.
Campbell sums up best the significance of these letters and the experiences
they convey when she observed, "To understand the roles women have played
and can play in American society, to understand the all-volunteer military, to
understand the importance of this issue in the defeat of the Equal Rights
Amendment-we must appreciate what happened to women in the military
during World War II" (p. xi).
Mzchzgan State Unzverszty DARLENE CLARK HINE
Water and the Future of the Southwest. Edited by Zachary Smith. (Albuquerque:
University of New Mexico Press, 1989. Pp. x+278. Foreword, introduc-
tion, tables, maps, notes, contributors. $32.50.)
The importance of water to the prosperity, indeed the very survival, of the
American Southwest is unquestioned. Water and the Future of the Southwest un-
derscores this reality, providing some fifteen essays on crucial aspects of water
allocation, cost, and control. For professionals in water management it is
"must" reading. For interested citizens the essays will provide understandable
explanations on an extremely complex subject.
Zachary Smith's work as editor is exceptional. Besides providing an insightful
introduction and a unifying conclusion, Smith has worked to integrate the
essays. The chapters relate to one another, creating a meaningful book rather
than a disparate anthology. The only feature lacking is an index, a useful tool
in a work that will be used often as a reference.
Texas readers will be drawn to Ryan J. Barilleaux and C. Richard Bath's
chapter on the water controversy between the city of El Paso and the state of
New Mexico. They also will find Otis W. Templer's discussion of Texas ground-
water law enlightening. It is enlightening but also discouraging, for Templer
traces Texas policy to a 1904 Texas Supreme Court case entitled Houston and
T.C. Ry. Co. v. East. The case determined that overlying landowners could
pump unlimited amounts of water, "irrespective of the impact in depriving ad-
joining or more distant landowners .. ." (pp. 248-249). Such a policy encour-
aged waste and greed, yet the East decision has "undergone very little change

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 95, July 1991 - April, 1992. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117153/. Accessed September 16, 2014.