MouoLain Spiril Dancer by Allan Houser (Ha-o-zous), ca. 195o. Watercolor,
39"/ x So inches. Courtesy Museum of New Mexico, Santa Fe, Neg. No. 86228.
Chiricahua-Fort Sill Apache artist Allan Houser, a descendant of Geronimo,
based this and other paintings of Apache life on oral history. Manuel Merino's
circa 1804 report on Apaches commented on a similar dance captured in
Houser's painting almost 15o years later: "... two or three of the most fleet,
agile, and talented men . . . perform a type of dance pantomime of great vio-
lence, with very difficult movements of limbs and joints ... The dancers cover
their heads with a type of chamois mask .. "
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 95, July 1991 - April, 1992. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117153/. Accessed December 4, 2013.