The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 95, July 1991 - April, 1992

Book Reviews

terpretations of the treaty. The author succeeds In drawing the attention of the
reader toward an understanding of the divergent views of the treaty as ex-
pressed by important writers and historians.
Two chapters investigate the impact the treaty had on the Chicano move-
ment and the relatively recent effort to bring the treaty to the arena of inter-
national arbitration. This has been difficult to accomplish because the treaty
has been interpreted, with few exceptions, in the interest of the conquering
nation.
This reviewer would make one observation concerning the author's frequent
assertion of the racist motives of Anglos. This is a legitimate point, but from
reading the book one would have to conclude that only Anglos were racists. It is
hard to imagine that the Spanish colonial culture that gave us the concept of
"La Raza" is somehow a totally benign group. In 1972, Manuel P. Servin pre-
sented an excellent paper on "The Settlers of Spanish Texas: A Study of the
Origins of Anti-Mexican Attitudes." He pointedly and correctly stated that the
first racists in Texas were the Canary Islanders.
Griswold del Castillo's book is important, well written, and articulate. It is a
balanced contribution to this little-studied and little-understood aspect of the
impact of the treaty on the Hispanic population of the U.S.
Midwestern Stale UnzwerJity HARRY P. HEWITT
Del Pueblo" A Pictoial Hzstory of Houstons Hispanu Community. By Thomas H.
Kreneck. (Houston: Houston International University, 1989. Pp. 246. Pref-
ace, introduction, photographs, bibliography, appendix, index. $27.88.)
Ethnzctly in the Sunbelt: A Hzitory of Mexuian Amen cans in Houston By Arnoldo De
Le6n. (Houston: University of Houston Mexican American Studies, 1989.
Pp. xix+255. Acknowledgments, preface, photographs, tables, maps, note
on sources, bibliography, index. $3o.)
The simultaneous appearance of two books on the history of Mexicans in
Houston is a highly welcomed event because they fill a glaring gap in the histo-
riography of both Mexican Americans and Texas. Only a few article-length
studies had previously examined the subject despite the importance of the
community as one of the largest and fastest-growing Mexican populations in a
major metropolitan area. Although both authors draw on other urban histories
that have studied the Mexican community, they especially benefit from the rich
archival materials collected during the past twelve years under the auspices of
the Houston Metropolitan Research Center (HMRC) of the Houston Public Li-
brary. Kreneck, a former assistant archivist at the HMRC, has been a major
figure in the development of the Mexican American archival component at the
HMRC, and his book represents the first major result of the institution's work
in local Mexican American history.
Del Pueblo is primarily a pictorial history, though the comments that intro-
duce each of the book's eight chapters are an impressive scholarly narrative of
the community's development primarily during the twentieth century. The

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 95, July 1991 - April, 1992. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117153/. Accessed April 16, 2014.