The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 101, July 1997 - April, 1998

Book Reviews

The first four of eight chapters provide modest insight into the evolution of
beef production. Early in the nineteenth century, migrating Cherokees intro-
duced the first significant numbers of cattle of British origin. During the 1850s,
numbers had risen sufficiently in northern and western Arkansas to sustain prof-
itable overland drives to gold rush California. By the Civil War a serious breed
improvement effort was underway. The postwar trailing of tick-bearing Texas
herds to Missouri railheads introduced the fatal "Texas fever" (babesiosis dis-
ease), which constituted a major threat to Arkansas cattle-raisers. After the rail-
road-building boom of the 1870s, the drought and floods of the Depression era
gave way to World War II and steady growth during the next half century. Beef
production in the 199os accounts for 8 to o10 percent of the state's annual agri-
cultural income. In 1994, some 34,000 producers owned cattle valued at more
than a billion dollars. Brown proceeds to detail advances in genetics and con-
trolled reproduction, the evolution of the state's twenty-one breeds, and the
industry's supporting organizations. The longest chapter tediously traces the rise
of the ACA.
The book's appeal to those associated with Arkansas stock-raising should be
guaranteed. They are paid rich tribute. Those in search of a balanced history,
however, face disappointment. The main title is borrowed from Robert Glass
Cleland's 1951 work on nineteenth-century southern California, and the subtitle
inaccurately reflects the volume's contents. The "References" section is entirely
inadequate; developments in Arkansas are either slighted or only vaguely related
to national events; and readers would have welcomed even a minimum of editor-
ial relief. Most important, this book identifies a topic deserving of scholarly
Southwest Texas State University JAMES A. WILSON
Bandelier: The Lafe and Adventures of Adolf Bandelier, American Archaeologist and
Scientist. By Charles H. Lange and Carroll L. Riley. (Salt Lake City:
University of Utah Press, 1996. Pp. xiii+263. List of illustrations, preface,
acknowledgments, epilogue, appendix [bibliography], sources, index. ISBN
o-87480-499-X. $34.95, cloth.)
Readers already familiar with the scholarly accomplishments of Charles H.
Lange and Carroll L. Riley will find this book a logical and welcome addi-
tion. Unlike their four earlier volumes on Bandelier, which constitute The
Southwestern Journals of Adolph F. Bandelier (1966-1984), this work is not so
nearly confined to his activities in the American Southwest. Substantial
accounts of Bandelier's adventures and struggles in Mexico, South America,
New York City, and his last months in Spain are also included here.
The authors show that, while exploring and documenting archaeological
sites in the American Southwest and Mexico in the late nineteenth century,
Bandelier laid foundations for professional archaeologists who excavated in
more recent times. His field notes plus his meticulous records of architec-
tural features and ground plans have proven invaluable. Alfred V. Kidder



Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 101, July 1997 - April, 1998. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed November 30, 2015.