The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 101, July 1997 - April, 1998

Book Reviews

sources to advance her thesis.
This work is particularly useful in its analysis of the racial attitudes of
Eisenhower and Shivers. Ladino argues that Eisenhower was a passive president
who accepted traditional southern views on race relations. She is critical of
Eisenhower for refusing to endorse the Supreme Court's Brown decision and for
allowing political considerations to deter federal enforcement of desegregation
during an election year. The author views Shivers as an opportunistic politician
who cynically used the crisis at Mansfield to boost his popularity among white
segregationists. Ladino argues that the heroes of this story were the local civil
rights leaders and black students, whose actions served as an inspiration for later
desegregation efforts.
Texas Tech University CHARLES WAITE
Tejano Journey 1770-z85o. Edited by Gerald E. Poyo. (Austin: University of Texas
Press, 1996. Pp. xviii+186. Maps, illustrations, acknowledgments, introduc-
tion, notes, bibliography, index. ISBN 0-292-76570-3. $24.95, cloth.)
This anthology derives from a collection of papers delivered at St. Mary's
University, San Antonio, in 1993, on the theme of "Tejano Identity, Resistance,
and Accommodation, 1770-186o" (p. ix). Given the book's multiple authorship,
its component essays complement one another with notable stylistic consistency
and chronological and thematic unity, as the editor, Gerald E. Poyo, intended.
Poyo has also provided a succinct introductory background essay as well as a con-
clusion that reprises the other contributors' salient ideas and findings.
The initial essay, again by Poyo, argues that a distinct Tejano identity was well
established by the latter decades of the eighteenth century, when the inhabitants
of Spanish Texas, long accustomed to a large measure of autonomy, were con-
fronted by meddlesome attempts on the part of royal governors and other offi-
cials to curtail their freedom in the name of imperial efficiency, uniformity, and
other Bourbon reformist goals. Jes6s F. de la Teja's essay on Texas during the
Mexican independence decade (1810-1821) shows how varied were the
responses of the Tejanos of San Antonio de B6xar to successive episodes of the
struggle for independence: a general resentment toward Bourbon interference
was accompanied by reluctance on the part of most Bexarenos to become irre-
trievably linked to one faction or another. They were also uncomfortably aware
that instability in Texas was drawing the unwelcome attention of expansionist
Anglo-Americans just beyond its disputed eastern frontier. Andres Tijerina, in a
digest of his recent monograph, Tejanos and Texas under the Mexican Flag,
z821-1836 (1994), discusses how Tejanos strove to preserve regional self-gov-
ernment against the centralizing initiative of post-independence Mexican
regimes by working peacefully through their ayuntamientos, or town councils, as
they had done in colonial times. As Tijerina points out, this tradition clashed
with that of the Anglo-American Texians, whose ingrained distrust of all govern-
ment led them to scorn slow-paced negotiations in favor of angry confrontation

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 101, July 1997 - April, 1998. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117155/. Accessed October 30, 2014.