The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
TIHE LAST STAGE OF TEXAN MILITARY OPERATIONS
AGAINST MEXICO, 18431
WILLIAM CAMPBELL BINKLEY
Although the story of the Texan struggle for independence from
Mexico has been well told from numerous standpoints, there is
one phase of her activities which has never been placed in its
proper relation to the revolutionary movement. This is the series
of operations carried on by Warfield and Snively in the north-
western part of the territory to which the Texas government had
laid claim. In practically every account Warfield has received a
paragraph as a private raider, who had no connection with the
government of the republic, while Snively has fared but little bet-
ter, although the fact that he held instructions from the govern-
ment has been more generally recognized.2
A careful study of the evidence would seem to indicate that
the expeditions led by these two men, no matter how detached
they may have been, were parts of the general Texan movement
in opposition to the Mexican government, and not merely the iso,-
lated raids which they have usually been regarded. As such they
deserve a. place in the history of the Texan Revolution, scarcely
less in importance than either the Santa Fe or the Mier expedi-
tions. The avowed objects of the enterprises were in reality a
combination of those of the other expeditions, and they attracted
almost as much attention at the time in Texas itself. Yet the
work of Snively and Wa.rfield has remained in the background
largely because no Kendall or Green chanced to have a part in it.
It is the purpose of this paper, therefore, to endeavor to place it
in the proper perspective.
The Background for the Operations.--From the battle of San
Jacinto to the Santa FP expedition of 1841 the Republic of Texas
had carried on an aggressive struggle against Mexico, both from
'This paper is an extract from an M. A. thesis written in the seminar of
Professor Bolton, at the University of California.
2See Bancroft, History of Arizona and New Mexico, 326-329; also Ban-
croft, History of the North Mexican States and Texas, II, 371-372. These
accounts are based largely upon Niles' Register, the author having had no
access to the documentary material which has since been made available.
They have been followed rather closely by Bloom, "New Mexico under
Mexican Administration," in Old Santa Fe, II, 153-156.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 22, July 1918 - April, 1919. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth117156/. Accessed May 26, 2013.