The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

those noted are serious enough to be listed. In addition to its
interesting text, the book contains helpful appendices, a bibli-
ography of thirty pages and a good index.
The University of Texas.
Simon Bolivar Buckner: Borderland Knight. By Arndt M.
Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1940. Pp. xiii,
446. Illustrations. $3.50.
Probably most people today remember General Buckner only
as the Confederate officer who surrendered Fort Donelson to
General U. S. Grant in February, 1862, and thus unwillingly
started that soldier toward his subsequent great fame. A few
may remember him as the candidate of the "Gold Democrats"
for the vice-presidency in 1896. It was Buckner's misfortune
always to be a secondary figure. But he was able, honest, clear-
headed and courageous and he has long deserved a biography.
Professor Stickles has supplied this need in a full, well-balanced,
sympathetic but judicious study which is written with com-
mendable clarity. Buckner, a native of Kentucky, was trained
at West Point, served in the War with Mexico where he was
brevetted captain, but resigned from the army in 1855. When
the secession crisis came he was inspector-general of the Ken-
tucky militia. Though offered a brigadier's commission by Lin-
coln and even higher rank by General Scott, his sympathies
were with the South and in September, 1861, he offered his serv-
ices to the Confederacy. He served under General Albert Sid-
ney Johnston, first at Bowling Green, Kentucky, and later at
Fort Donelson, where the incompetence of his immediate su-
periors, Floyd and Pillow, was responsible for the surrender
of that fort. After several months of imprisonment he was
exchanged, made a major-general and sent back to the west
to serve under Bragg. He earned distinction in the Kentucky
campaign and in the later campaigns in Tennessee, with a brief
interval at Mobile; but he was not happy under Bragg, who
quarrelled with all of his chief officers. In 1864 he was sent
to the Trans-Mississippi to replace General "Dick" Taylor under
command of General E. Kirby Smith, who had him promoted
to the rank of lieutenant-general. Here he remained until the


Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed July 26, 2014.