The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941

LETTERS AND DOCUMENTS
SPAIN'S INDIAN POLICY IN TEXAS
Translations from the B6xar Archives
J. VILLASANA HAGGARD
The following translation was made from the original manu-
script in the Bexar Archives. They are presented here in con-
tinuation of a series of translations of documents dealing pri-
marily with Spain's policy toward the North American Indians
commenced in a previous issue of the Quarterly. Other selec-
tions will appear in subsequent issues.
NUMBER 6
In this report, Don Juan de OlivAn Rebolledo sets forth a
detailed plan for the establishment of colonies in Texas, each
consisting of a presidio, a mission, and a settlement. for the
purpose of checking the threatening French advance from the
territory along the Mississippi westward into the possessions
of Spain. Trade was to be carried on with the Indians as a
further means of discouraging French incursions. The main
object of the establishment, however, was to control and Chris-
tianize the Indians. who were to be conquered "in order that
we may civilize them and spread the Gospel among them."
Most Ex[celle]nt Sir:
In pursuance of the verbal order which Y[our] E [xcellency]
was pleased to give me requiring me to submit a report on
whatever I might think proper regarding the protection of the
coast of the Gulf of Mexico. the provinces of the kingdom of Le6n
and of Coahuila. and others bordering on the [territory of the]
wild tribes that live along the Mississippi River and the [territory
drained by it], partly occupied by the French, whose incursions
and trade must be stopped, before setting forth the means I
deem necessary to attain this end, I must set down the reso-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/. Accessed July 12, 2014.