The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

Oil, Neutrality by Legislation, and the Outbreak of the War
are about as complete as current materials make possible. If
Latin-America escaped the fate of a partitioned Africa Bailey
would not give all the credit to our "Self-Defense Doctrine"
(p. 192), but says that the "larger states of South America
were capable of putting up a stiff resistance."
Attention is called to the writer's failure to break down opin-
ion along regional, occupational, and religious lines. The very
short discussion of recent Spanish relations indicates a good
place to try the experiment (p. 741). While Secretary Hull's
pronouncement of high regard for American public opinion is
well known (p. 756n), more research will have to be done to
determine the weight of opinion in directing State Department
actions. While virtually accepting Bowers' thesis on the Jef-
ferson embargo Bailey does not mention that author. However,
no other similar error is noted. The index would be more use-
ful if mention were made of leading authorities and pages where
quoted. References to the Senate Committee on Foreign Rela-
tions are not indexed but the story of how this potentially
powerful agent of democratic control can cease to function when
controlled by a Lodge is well told (Chap. XL). Cartoon and
quotation are judiciously used to enliven, instruct, and to re-
capture the spirit of the times. The reproduction of the Knott
cartoon on p. 653 indicates the national reputation of a Texas
graphic artist while its lesson is all too pungent now.
ROBERT C. COTNER.
The University of Texas.
The Circuit Rider Dismounts. A Social History of Southern
Methodism, 1865-1900. By Hunter Dickinson Farish.
Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, 1938. Pp. 400. $5.00.
In discussions of the social influence of the churches there
has been no little academic guessing. The churches have as-
sumed that their influence has been great; historians not spe-
cially friendly to the churches have assumed the opposite, or
they have described the influence of the churches by the simple
process of writing down what they thought the influence of the
churches would have been. For this reason, a book like Mr.
Farish's study is welcome, because he has gone about his work

388

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/. Accessed November 21, 2014.