The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941

Book Reviews

land, who returned from Leipzig to Vanderbilt University, to
become Chancellor in 1893.
Due attention is given to the interest of the Southern Meth-
odists in temperance and prohibition and to the stand of the
Church on Sabbath observance and personal morals. Mr. Farish
shows that there was an increasing interest in labor problems
in the South toward the end of the century, although for many
reasons there was not the interest that was found in the in-
dustrial North.
The book is a well documented study. There are times when
the author seems to be assuming too much as to the effect of
Southern Methodist opinion on social movements, and at other
times his emphasis upon the uglier side of reconstruction seems
almost partisan. On the whole, however, the volume is a con-
tribution to a phase of social history that has not been given
too much or too scholarly attention.
UMPHREY LEE.
Southern Methodist University.
The Negro in North Carolina Politics Since Reconstruction.
Series XXIII, Historical Papers of the Trinity College
Historical Society. By William Alexander Mabry.
Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1940. Pp. vii,
87. $1.00.
The story of the Negroes in North Carolina politics conforms
so closely to the plot in the other Southern states, that no major
discovery or new interpretation is indicated in this sound and
interesting study. In 1835, as a response to growing abolitionist
propaganda and to fortify the claim that Negroes per se were
not fit to exercise a vote, free Negroes were disfranchised. Con-
gressional reconstruction returned the voting privilege, which
was retained until the triumph of the Democrats in 1876, when
systematic intimidation, fraud, and gerrymandering were used
to deprive the Negroes of the guarantees forced upon the South
by the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments.
The Populist movement in the 'nineties split the Democratic
party, and the resulting Populist-Republican fusion re-estab-
lished Republican control of the state and Negro participation
in elections. Altogether, about a thousand Negroes held office
during the period of "Fusion" rule. The decline of population
and the spectacular "white supremacy" campaigns of 1898-1900

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/. Accessed July 29, 2014.