The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

resulted in the overthrow of the "Fusionists", and was climaxed
by the bloody race riot, the Wilmington Revolution.
The suffrage amendment adopted in 1900 enacted the legal
barriers of literary tests and the poll tax to disfranchise the
Negroes, while the "grandfather clauses" provided a temporary
loophole for the uneducated white people.
Since the repeal of the poll tax prerequisite for voting in
1920, the Negroes of North Carolina, unhampered by a Demo-
cratic "white primary", have taken an increased interest in
politics, and a limited number of Negroes have been nominated
and subsequently elected to minor offices on the Democratic
ticket. Now that the Negroes are supporting the major party,
are they secure in their continued use of the ballot? Professor
Mabry does not venture to outguess the vagaries of politics.
HAROLD SCHOEN.
Amarillo College.
A Surgeon's Autobiography. By Hugh Young.
New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company. 1940. Pp. xiii. 554.
Frontispiece, illustrations, and index. $5.00.
Hugh Young was clearly a precocious boy. No better proof
need be offered than the incident related in the first paragraph
of his recent autobiography: after a hard trip from San Antonio
to Austin, at the age of 18 months, he drank a large whiskey
toddy which had been prepared for his father and mother, and
the result was not nausea but only a noisy inebriation. Since
Henry L. Mencken was one of the advisors in the writing of this
book, this initial paragraph may reflect his influence. Certain
it is that the precocity of childhood, properly nurtured, brought
its possessor to a position of prominence held by few urological
surgeons in the world today.
Dr. Young's book begins with his youth in San Antonio where
he fits his life-perhaps not always with historical accuracy-
into the story of his home city. Educated in San Antonio and
Virginia, he was graduated in medicine by the University of
Virginia in 1894. After a short stay back in Texas, he re-
ceived a position at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore
where, with the resourcefulness and the courage of a medical
pioneer, he later developed the most outstanding urological clinic
in the country. Here came famous men from all corners of the
world, seeking relief from some of the ailments which overtake

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/. Accessed July 28, 2014.