The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

Oconor replaced Rubi and reorganized the line of presidios.
In a statement dated August, 1769, Don Jos6 de Galvez sug-
gested to the king that he establish an independent administra-
tion for the frontier provinces. Charles III carried out the
recommendation of Galvez and, by a royal cedula dated August
22, 1776, ordered the establishment of the new administrative
unit to be known as the Interior Provinces of New Spain.
This cedula also provided for the appointment of Don Teodoro
de Croix, nephew to the viceroy, as the first commandant-gen-
eral. Many divisions of this administrative unit followed the
termination of Croix's term of office, all of them with the hope
of finding a solution to the ever-present problem; but the prob-
lem was still unsolved when, in 1821, the Interior Provinces
became a part of the Republic of Mexico.
The principal value of this book is that it makes available
in English one of several similar reports drawn up by com-
mandants-general and governors describing the southwestern
portion of the United States in the eighteenth century. It pro-
vides a large amount of detailed information about Spanish
methods of conquest, and paints a vivid picture of their dismal
failure to overcome the Indian menace. One cannot fail to be
struck with the immense patience of the Spaniards in dealing
with rebellious and depredating wild Indians; and the materials
of this book make tenable, or nearly so, the philosophy that ad-
vocates extermination as the only sound method of making good
Indians out of wild ones.
The technical work of translation is commendable. The ren-
dition of the idea is accurate and readable, and the translator
shows consideration for the reader by his sparing use of
brackets. The work reads more like an original than a trans-
lation. Only a few inconsistencies and inaccuracies in the trans-
lation of words are noted.
J. VILLASANA HAGGARD.
The University of Texas.
The Gaucho Martin Fierro. By Jos6 Hernandez. Owen Walter
(trans.).
New York: Farrar and Rinehart, 1940. Pp. xxiv, 326. $3.00.
In The Gaucho Martin Fierro, Jose Hernandez (1834-1886)
writes the national epic of Argentina. Hernandez spent his
formative years on an estancia and thus early came to know

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/. Accessed July 29, 2014.