The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941

LETTERS AND DOCUMENTS
SPAIN'S INDIAN POLICY IN TEXAS
Translations from the B6xar Archives
J. VILLASANA HAGGARD
The following translations were made from original manu-
scripts in the B6xar Archives. They are presented here in con-
tinuation of a series of translations of documents dealing pri-
marily with Spain's policy toward the North American Indians
commenced in a previous issue of the Quarterly. Other selec-
tions will appear in subsequent issues.
NUMBER 3
Don Juan de OlivAn Rebolledo, government legal adviser,
informs the viceroy that he believes the Presidio of San An-
tonio, which is the vanguard of Spanish settlements, must be
strengthened by transferring troops from the presidios of
AdAes and La Bahia to San Antonio. He further believes that
attempts should be made to advance the frontier and to make
peace with the Apaches.
In view of this information, the viceroy orders Captain Don
Joseph de Urrutia, an experienced Indian fighter, to take com-
mand of the Presidio of San Antonio.
Opinion.
Most Ex [celle]nt Sir:
The governor of Texas, together with the municipal judge,
and the councilmen of the Villa of San Fernando, the soldiers
of that presidio, and the missionaries assigned thereto, have
expressed their just fears by reporting to Y [our] E[xcellenc]y
the murder of one alfirez and several soldiers who went out to
escort the Apaches to the boundary in order to make a peace
treaty with them. The treaty was not made; instead, this un-
fortunate incident was perpetrated as the opening of hostilities;
and the [Indians] have continued their incursions upon the
horse-herds and the missions. Inasmuch as this presidio of San
Antonio, which is the advance post of the other [presidios], is
so close to the rancherias of this nation, both warlike and
numerous, the garrison of that presidio is not sufficient for
the present to repel them. The [presidios] of Los Addis and
S88]

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 44, July 1940 - April, 1941. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146052/. Accessed November 27, 2014.