Southwestern Historical Quarterly
vividly described. Scarcity of capital and staggering interest
rates continued for years to discourage economic enterprise.
Sudden increase of the population brought high prices and
apparently unlimited demands for cattle, with resulting cattle
drives from far-away Texas and other places and depletion of
the herds of the southern California ranchos. The rancheros
often assumed obligations bearing excessive interest charges,
and, when the cattle boom burst, many of them were brought
to bankruptcy. Floods, droughts, grasshoppers, and other
scourges visited the rancheros with devastating effects. Much
attention is given to Don Abel Stearns, whose life in California
almost spanned the period from Mexican independence through
the Gold Rush to the opening of the New Order. By his con-
nection with the leading families of the Spanish-Californians,
his marriage into the influential Bandini family, and his busi-
ness associations with the newcomers he came to personify the
age of transition.
The four appendices illustrate various phases of the life of
the period. There are nine pages of helpful index. This book
bears the distinct earmark of exhaustive research, yet its style
is such that the general reader will enjoy it. Author and pub-
lisher alike are deserving of praise for this product of ripe
scholarship. It is to be hoped that numerous suggestions thrown
out by Professor Cleland will lead to further studies in this
hitherto "unexplored" field.
J. L. WALLER.
College of Mines and Metallurgy.
Hands Across the Border. By Lillian A. Bray.
San Antonio: The Naylor Company, 1941. Pp. xiv, 239. Illustrations,
This book is a travel account by a person who has spent
enough time in Mexico to understand the new socio-economic
changes taking place there and to portray these changes in a
very interesting and readable way. The purpose of the author
is to promote friendly relations between the United States and
Mexico. She believes that international trade, student exchange
fellowships, and road building (like the Pan-American High-
way) will do much to link "hands across the border."
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 45, July 1941 - April, 1942. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146053/. Accessed August 20, 2014.