voted to this period. The latter part of Borden's life, during
which he emerged as a founder of a great industry and a man
of national importance, is sketched more hastily. His twenty-
year struggle to patent his condensed milk invention and his
persistent efforts to finance the marketing of both his milk and
meat products are treated in a mere fifty pages.
The book is written in an easy, rather popular style that at
times becomes prolix. It is not documented. At the end is a
discussion of several sources drawn upon by the late Mr. Whar-
ton, but no complete bibliography is given. Taken as a whole,
the book is quite interesting and readable, but discursive and
not always authoritative.
JOE B. FRANTZ.
Handbook for Translators of Spanish Historical Documents.
By J. Villasana Haggard. Assisted by Malcolm Dallas
McLean. Archives Collection, University of Texas.
Oklahoma City: Photoprinted by Semco Color Press, 1941. Pp.
Here is another book that should have been available many
years ago. Translators and students of history who must read
documents in the Spanish language have until now had to learn
slowly and painfully, each for himself, some of the things that
can be learned simply by turning the pages of this little book.
The author's approach to his subject is eminently sensible,
and his treatment of the various intricacies that a translator
of historical documents must cope with is clear and illuminating.
The painstaking care and industry that have gone into his work
are evident in the long bibliography and in the numerous notes.
I have been especially impressed by the chapter entitled "Paleog-
raphy," where I find, for the first time, a good, informative
account of such mechanical aids as the microfilm process.
There are, besides interesting reproductions of manuscripts
from different epoches, a number of excellent translations in
which the use of brackets, however, seems to me excessive.
I have always felt that brackets are a nuisance to the reader,
and the author (on page 111) agrees with me, but insists that
they are necessary for the sake of accuracy. But I believe that
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 45, July 1941 - April, 1942. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146053/. Accessed September 17, 2014.