Protestant movement in the country. Foreign relations, partic-
ularly with the United States, are handled in some detail, with
the author giving some points of United States-Mexican rela-
tions that are not generally known. The resources of the coun-
try and the fiction of its vast wealth are discussed along with
the infiltration of foreign capital and the building of railways,
roads, and other systems of communication. The final chapter
deals with the philosophical and educational development of the
nation, including the beginnings of new political philosophies
and general cultural movements.
Probably the most arresting portion of the volume is that
concerning the system of taxation (chapter V). In discussing
the absence of a national system of taxation in the period prior
to the Diaz regime, Valad6s says " . ... it was owing, in reality,
to the non-existence of a National State" (p. 199). He goes
on to say: "The State, in Mexico, before the birth of the
Porfirista regime, was a fiction" (p. 200), and "The disorder
was the resulting effect of the non-existence of the State" (p.
While some opinions are expressed by the author with which
some American readers will probably not agree, there is no
doubt that the work is of a great deal of value, and a real
contribution to scholarship and to the knowledge of the history
CHARLES C. CUMBERLAND.
The University of Texas.
A History of Chile. By Luis Galdgmes. Translated and edited
by Isaac Joslin Cox.
Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1941. Pp.
xviii, 565. $5.00.
Almost no review could describe adequately the gap filled by
and the many qualities of this fourth product of the Inter-
American Historical Series. Indeed, if there is a weakness in
the book, and it can hardly be called that, it is the dispropor-
tionate emphasis placed on the independence period. Or per-
haps it would be more accurate to say that the book contains
too little on the post-independence era. Although Galdames has
added little that is new in the history of Chile, this translation
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 45, July 1941 - April, 1942. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146053/. Accessed October 21, 2014.