Letters and Documents
at Nacogdoches & its Vicinity are ordered to be immediately
withdrawn to St. Antonio, and that no more troops are expected
to be sent to Nacogdoches, that no Warlike preparations are
making, but the Contrary, and it is the opinion of Mr Hesser
that the Post of Nacogdoches will be broken up & the Inhab-
itants all Ordered Away; no new Settlements even by native
Spaniards are permitted to be made, & the Inhabitants are
forbidden to improve Either their farms or buildings, and all
inhabitants who have not been Settled There before the Cession
of Louisiana, or more than five years, whether Spanish, French,
or American, are Ordered either to move Back towards St.
Antonio, or into the United States, and that Inhabitants of
the Spanish dominions are not permitted to come into the
United States Territory or trade or On Any private business
whatever,24 it is likewise the opinion of Mr Hesser & Several
Other Intelligent persons with whom I have lately conversed
from that Country that Spain will only oppose our taking
possession of the Country to the extent of Our Claims by Words
or threats; but never oppose force to force." I can
hear Nothing of Captain Pike, the Panis had heard nothing
of him or his Party about Six days Ago [manuscript illegible]
I am afraid some accident has befallen him. I cannot believe
he could have found any enemies unless it be Spaniards of the
St. Fee [Santa F6] Settlement. If Mr. Freeman had Renewed
his voyage up Red River I Should like to have gone with him.
I Intend this Season to have a meeting with some heads of the
Hietans25 if I can.
I allow myself to Indulge the hope that you will approve of
my Son Saml. H. Sibley as an assistant to Mr Linnard.
Sir with very great esteem
Your Obt. Servant
Genl. Henry Dearborn
24Don Nemesio issued an order in 1805 to cut off all communication with
Louisiana, and to prohibit the entrance of foreigners; only fugitive slaves
were to cross the Sabine into Texas. The death penalty was imposed for
the disobedience of this order. In 1806, he re-enforced this order by refusing
petitions to buy needed supplies in Natchitoches, and decreed a policy of
restriction for immigrants from Louisiana, the expulsion of undesirable
immigrants who had entered Texas, and the concentration of colonists at
Villa de Salcedo, Bdxar, or further west. Mattie Austin Hatcher, The
Opening of Texas, 100, 115-118.
25Hietans was the term Sibley applied to the Comanches. Pichardo, how-
ever, also an authority on the Indian tribes states that Sibley was mistaken.
They were different. "The Hietanes were those whom the Spaniards called
Yutas." Sibley describes the Hietanes as nomads intermittently occupying
the area lying between the Trinity and the Brazos, crossing Red River, to
the heads of the Arkansas and the Missouri, and as far as the Rio Grande.
Charles Wilson Hackett, Pichardo's Treatise on the Limits of Louisiana
and Texas, II, 74, 254-255.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 45, July 1941 - April, 1942. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146053/. Accessed May 24, 2015.