Illinois River, his Arkansas post, his competition with the
Indians and the English, and with other activities. The tenth
chapter carries the title, "Imprint on the Mississippi Valley,"
and in it the author says: "By reason of Tonty's contributions
it may be said that he paved the way for the vanguard of
Americans lured to the west by 'manifest destiny.' American
advance into the Louisiana country was greatly facilitated by
the economic development of that region under France, and
in that development, Tonty had played a significant role." In
this last chapter "Tonty's place in history is admirably summed
up," as Professor Herbert E. Bolton says in the foreword.
R. L. BIESELE.
The University of Texas.
Diplomacy and the Borderlands: The Adams-Onis Treaty of
1819. By Philip Coolidge Brooks.
Berkeley: University of California Press, 1939. Pp. x, 262. Cloth,
$2.50; paper, $2.00.
Mr. Brooks indicates by the first part of the title of his
admirable study, Diplomacy and the Borderlands: The Adams-
Onis Treaty of 1819, that the agreement had a significance
much broader than is implied by the term "Purchase of Florida,"
which the settlement of 1819 has often erroneously been called.
The borderlands over which the negotiators chiefly wrangled
were not those of Florida but of the American West. Both
Adams and Onis regarded the treaty as the greatest diplomatic
achievement of their careers. In summarizing the importance
of this treaty, the author says: "By its terms the United States
received the Floridas, rounding out its domain east of the Mis-
sissippi; Spain was confirmed in her title to Texas; Santa F6
was protected by the bending of the line to leave 360 miles
between that town and the border; and in the Northwest the
ambitious republic acquired all of Spain's rights north of what
is now the California-Oregon boundary, thus being for the
first time assured of a transcontinental domain."
Brooks points out that although the Spanish patriot assembly,
the Junta Central of Aranjuez, sent Don Luis de Onis as its
minister to the United States in the summer of 1809, the pro-
French policy of the Madison administration and the revolu-
tion in Spain restrained this government from recognizing his
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 45, July 1941 - April, 1942. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146053/. Accessed December 28, 2014.