The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944

Book Reviews

Professor Bettersworth has given a vivid account of the
troubles Mississippi made for the Confederate administration
by insisting on local defense, by unsound financial measures,
by trading through the lines with the enemy, by opposing the
suspension of the writ of habeas corpus, by desertions from the
army, and by various other activities common to the other Con-
federate states. Religion, education, newspapers, and literary
pursuits also receive attention. As seems proper, military ac-
tivities find no further mention than is necessary for clarifying
general developments; yet a whole chapter on military cam-
paigns within the state would have fitted well into a complete
picture of Confederate Mississippi. The book deals effectively
with the well-known myth that the "Free State of Jones" se-
ceded from Mississippi and set itself up as an independent
republic.
The author has based his work on the use of practically every
available source-an unusually large amount of manuscript
material, newspapers, official documents, much other primary
printed material, and the worth while secondary accounts. A
map of the state with the counties as they existed in 1860 is
used as end-papers, and a number of well-chosen contemporary
illustrations add interest. An extensive bibliography and an
effective index are also included.
E. M. COULTER
The University of Texas
William Preston Johnston: A Transitional Figure of the Con-
federacy. By Arthur Marvin Shaw. Baton Rouge (Louisi-
ana State University Press), 1943. Pp. xv+299. Illustra-
tions. $3.00.
A large proportion of the Confederate officials rightfully
played a prominent part in helping the South resume its place
in the nation. The field of education probably offered the great-
est opportunity for service during the transitional period. The
exact number of ex-Confederates who became college or uni-
versity presidents is not known by this reviewer, but the number
was considerable; General Robert E. Lee set the example. It
was not long after Lee became president of Washington College
that he invited Colonel William Preston Johnston, son of the
late General Albert Sidney Johnston, to join his faculty.
Colonel Johnston found his duties as professor of history and

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146054/. Accessed September 18, 2014.