To many, the story of this political and social evolution will
be the most interesting part of this many-sided book. Rule
over the entire archipelago was first established by King Kame-
hameha I, in 1810. From that time until 1843, when Hawaiian
independence was internationally recognized, the government
of the islands encountered many difficulties. Only jealousy on
the part of England, France, and the United States prevented
the islands from being seized by one of these rivals. Most
historians have missed the significance of the extension of the
Monroe Doctrine to the mid-Pacific by President Tyler in 1842.
Historians of our frontier, who tell of the jump of that
frontier from the wooded central states to the Pacific coast and
then backwashing into the area jumped over, have generally
mismeasured that historic leap by some 2000 miles. Hawaii
was a true American frontier before either California or Ore-
gon knew many pioneers from the United States. Students
of our relations with England in regard to the Texas, Cali-
fornia, and Oregon questions should not overlook the fact that
there was also during the same period a Hawaiian question
involving the same parties and principles.
Professor Bradley is obviously thoroughly acquainted with
the source material on Hawaii. It is hoped that he will soon
publish another such book dealing with the period from 1843
to 1900 showing the forces involved in making these islands
American in fact and name.
CHARLES G. WHITWELL
Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas
Pioneers in American Anthropology: The Bandelier-Morgan
Letters, 1873-1883. Edited by Leslie A. White. Albuquer-
que (The University of New Mexico Press), 1940. Two
volumes: xv-272; vi-266. Illustrated. $10.00.
Adolph Bandelier and Lewis Henry Morgan are well-known
American anthropologists whose influence was greatest in the
last quarter of the nineteenth century. They were pioneers in
the sense of making anthropological research more objective
and scientific, thereby breaking with the then-current romantic
and antiquarian schools. Consequently these two volumes,
which contain Bandelier's letters to Morgan during a decade
when anthropology was becoming recognized as a distinct and
important discipline, are of much historical interest to the
student of that period.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 47, July 1943 - April, 1944. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146054/. Accessed March 14, 2014.