The success of the campaigns which ended in the Fort Cobb
and Fort Sill powwows meant Sheridan's promotion to Lieu-
tenant-General in 1869. In the summer of 1870 he hobnobbed
with royalty in the person of King William I as he visited the
German armies during the Franco-Prussian War. In 1871 he
reversed the procedure to be host to the Grand Duke Alexis of
Russia on a buffalo hunt on the plains.
In Texas the summer of 1871 saw the Satanta and Big Tree
trials with the application of white man's law to Indian crim-
inals. After the Red River War cleared the Texas Panhandle
of Indians, Sheridan's sphere was enlarged to cover the North-
ern Plains, where, after Custer's disaster, the Sioux country
was also opened for settlement. Now the white man's culture
had transformed "the great American desert."
While supervising the border from Washington, the general,
in June, 1874, married Miss Irene Rucker. They were to have
a happy home and four children. Sheridan died of a heart
ailment in 1888 just after his rank of full general was confirmed.
According to Rister, Sheridan's service during the army's
"dark ages" to bring it to the status of a well disciplined and
ambitious body of officers and men and his establishment of an
officers' training school at Fort Leavenworth to inculcate his
own principles were to be factors when a civilian army had to
be trained in 1917. It may carry over until today.
The University of Texas LLERENA FRIEND
Life in Old Tucson, 1854-1864. By Frank C. Lockwood. Published
by the Tucson Civic Committee. Los Angeles (The Ward
Richie Press), 1943. Pp. xx, 255.
Dr. Frank C. Lockwood, dean of Arizona historians, has
never been a mere purveyor of dates and footnotes. He says that
he likes to study "the deeds and experiences of individual
men and women" rather than "cold chronicles." For that reason
all his books, including the present one, concentrate on history
as it was lived by particular pepple. In this case he presents
life sketches of nineteen of the pioneers of Tucson to illustrate
the founding and development of the city.
To hold his book together Dr. Lockwood introduces a central
figure, Atanacia Santa Cruz, a friend of his who actually lived
in Tucson from 1850 to 1934. Naturally she knew the pioneers
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146055/. Accessed March 10, 2014.