Southwestern Historical Quarterly
has increased the usefulness of A Doctor Comes to California
by adding maps from Emory's account.
There have been some unfortunate oversights in proof read-
ing in the book, and there is no index; but all who are in-
terested in the southern trail to California or in the early
Anglo-American-Mexican conflicts and adjustments in that
state will welcome the Griffin account in its present edited form.
The notes by Ames are copious, scholarly, and full of interesting
items. H. BAILEY CARROLL
The University of Texas
The Morale of the American Revolutionary Army. By Allen
Bowman. Introduction by Arthur Pope. Washington, D. C.
(American Council on Public Affairs), 1943. Pp. 160.
After reading this volume one's first reaction is to marvel
at the successful outcome of the struggle for independence. Such
a formidable array of obstacles to a successful consummation
of any worthy enterprise, as listed and explained, will be hard
to find elsewhere. Quality of the troops ranged all the way from
the very best type of farmer or mechanic down to the deserting
mercenary Hessian. Bounty jumpers were all too prevalent.
Physical unfitness often resulted in dismissal of a tenth of the
recruits. Failure to solve the all-important matter of supplies
contributed much to decline in morale. Sickness, widespread
at different times, and lack of medical and hospital attention
were disturbing factors throughout the War. Wages were piti-
fully low and, when coupled with the common practice of failing
to get the miserable pittance due for months on end, one can
appreciate how this affected morale.
In his treatment of the "Psychological Factors" it seems to
the reviewer that Professor Bowman has made his most valuable
contribution. His essay on "Provincialism" is exceptionally
good. Washington and his leaders soon realized that provincial-
ism was not confined to the militia. The great commander him-
self was not always above provincial jealousy. As late as 1780
he wondered if he had one or thirteen armies. Washington
was inclined to be a strict disciplinarian, but he soon learned
to wink at many infractions in both officers and men. Von
Steuben noted the difference in the European and American
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146055/. Accessed July 28, 2014.