The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945

Elliott Roosevelt's Visit to
Cease i 1876-1877
COL. M. L. CRIMMINS
ELLIOTT ROOSEVELT, the father of Mrs. Franklin Delano
Roosevelt and younger brother of the late President Theo-
dore Roosevelt, came to Texas in 1876 and returned again in
1877. Elliott was born February 28, 1860, at 28 East 20th
Street, New York City, which house is now dedicated to the
memory of his brother, Theodore, who was born there October
27, 1857.
Like his brother Theodore and his cousin Franklin D.
Roosevelt, Elliott Roosevelt had physical handicaps to over-
come. He died at the age of thirty-four years, August 4, 1894,
having been a victim of asthma all his short life.
When he was a growing boy of sixteen, he was sent to Texas
with a Dr. and Mrs. J. A. Metcalfe to see whether the invigorat-
ing climate of the hill country of the Edwards Plateau would
benefit him.
He arrived in East Texas early in January, 1876, and travelled
in a private car from Palestine, the headquarters of the Inter-
national and Great Northern Railway, with two railway of-
ficials, Mr. Herbert Hoxie and Captain R. S. Hayes, General
Manager of the Texas and New Orleans Railroad Company.
When young Roosevelt arrived in Houston, Texas, January 8,
1876, he wrote that the howling of the dogs was worse than
that of pariahs of Constantinople and that the mosquitoes were
terrific. The next week the party went by rail to Galveston,
which in 1876 had a population of about 35,000, twice that of
San Antonio. He liked the stores in the fine looking buildings
and the attractive homes, both large and small.
The next week we find him at the Raymond House in Austin;
and soon he moved to Fort McKavett, twenty-five miles west
of Menard, Menard County, in Central Texas. Here he was
fortunate in meeting several New Yorkers who had contacted
the Roosevelt family before. One was Brevet Brigadier General
Henry Boynton Clitz, Colonel 10th U. S. Infantry. Clitz was
a gallant officer, brevetted for his services at the Battle of Cerro

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146055/. Accessed March 5, 2015.