Ranking next to finances, and associated with it in its "del-
ete'rious consequences," the great scholar listed the transpor-
tation problem. Southern railroads were inadequate to cope with
wartime traffic, even if had they been managed effectively. They
were unable to move surplus supplies to regions of shortage.
Food wasted and spoiled at terminals because of lack of wagon
transport. The inability to replace and repair wornout and
broken equipment brought progressive deterioration of the serv-
ices of distribution. This problem was, of course, an exhibition
of the futility of an agrarian order to provide machines.
This attractive volume reveals new approaches and suggests
behind-the-line problems of the Confederacy which need more
definitive treatment. Finally, it typifies and preserves the Rams-
dell instructional style, tolerant mentality, and retrospective
approach to his field of research. There is no chiding of the
statesmanship of the Lost Cause for its failure to work mira-
cles, but instead, the sense of futility with which he viewed the
war. It was not an "irrepressible conflict," justified by its
fruits; it was a costly mistake, attributable to impatient and
defaulting judgment. Herein former students and fellows may
again catch his spirit: "I am not one of those who believes that
everything which happens is for the best."
J. HORACE BASS
Texas Agricultural and Mechanical College
Indians Abroad, 1493-1938. By Carolyn Thomas Foreman. Nor-
man (University of Oklahoma Press), 1943. Pp. xxiii + 248.
Bibliography, illustrations. $3.00.
Hundreds of volumes have been written about the impact of
the white man upon the Indian, and of the white man's impres-
sions of the Indian in America, but Indians Abroad is devoted
to the Indian as he appeared to Europeans in their own coun-
tries, and to his observations on the society he encountered in
them. Students of United States history learn that Columbus
took Indians to Spain when he returned from his voyage of
discovery. The Spaniards regarded the capture of Indian slaves
as a part of expeditions of discovery and conquest. Many In-
dians were taken to Europe for the ostensible purpose of serving
as guides for later expeditions. A few adventurers kidnapped
Indians to supply the Spanish settlements with slaves. Some
parties of Indians were carried abroad for the sole purpose of
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 48, July 1944 - April, 1945. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146055/. Accessed March 8, 2014.