The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946

THE SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL QUARTERLY
VOL. XLIX OCTOBER, 1945 No. 2
rue marquis of Sal Aiguel de
Aguago and #is Recover of
Zexas from the reicl,
1719- 723
CHARLES W. HACKETT
PRIOR to 1685, Spain had taken no steps to occupy Texas
but had done much to establish title to that province. This
was the result of a number of well-known expeditions, the
most notable of which were the NarvAez-Cabeza de Vaca
expedition-a few survivors of which lived on the Gulf coast
and explored the southwestern part of present Texas between
1528 and 1536; the Coronado expedition through the north-
western part of the present state in 1541; the De Soto expe-
dition, which advanced from the northeast in 1542 probably
as far as the middle Brazos; and the Dominguez-L6pez expe-
dition, which proceeded from El Paso del Rio del Norte to the
region of present San Angelo in 1684.
The period in which Spain's interest in Texas was undisputed
but merely incidental ended in 1685. In that year Spain's title
to Texas was formally disputed for the first time by a rival
foreign aggressor, France. Henceforth, Texas was of prime
importance to Spain, but chiefly through a desire to safeguard
it from foreign aggression; henceforth, Texas was a most
valued possession which jealous Spain defended most vigorously.
News that the French expedition of La Salle had passed
through West Indian waters, bound for the Gulf coast some-
where between present Mexico and Florida, aroused the most
marked activity on the part of the Spaniards to find and
dislodge the intruders. While five naval expeditions plied the
coast between Vera Cruz and Apalachee, the renowned Alonzo

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146056/. Accessed December 22, 2014.