Southwestern Historical Quarterly
man correctly believed that "the future historian of the State
must devote more than a passing glance" to the achievements
of his governorship.
From chief executive of his state Tillman advanced to the
United States Senate, beginning his tenure on March 4, 1895.
He died on July 3, 1918, after a service of over twenty-three
years. For eighteen years his party was the minority party,
and for the last ten years of his tenure he was practically an
invalid, having suffered his first stroke of paralysis on March
19, 1908. He supported the popular demand for war with Spain
but opposed imperialism; later he supported President Wilson's
appeal to Congress for war with Germany; he championed the
free coinage of silver and attacked Cleveland for his stand on
the money question; he voted for the Dingley Tariff because
of its protective duties on lumber, rice, cotton, corn, and other
Southern products; he secured the navy yard for Charleston
and an appropriation for the Charleston Exposition of 1902;
he defended his state's position on the negro question, particu-
larly the suffrage restrictions; he disapproved of Roosevelt's
"appointment of Negroes to office in the South" and demanded
an explanation from Roosevelt about the Panama Revolution;
he opposed the constructive Pure Food and Drug Act; and he
steered the Hepburn Rate Bill through the Senate in 1906 at
the request of the Senate Interstate Commerce Committee.
The book is well written, and its story sustains the reader's
interest throughout. The format and print are pleasing, and
the work of proofreading must be commended. The Louisiana
State University Press deserves praise for the inclusion of this
biography in its Southern Biography Series. Professor Sim-
kins, as "the just historian of the future" (p. 233), has recog-
nized the fact that "critics must estimate Tillman in the light
of his times," and in that light has called him "the most suc-
cessful governor South Carolina has ever had."
RUDOLPH L. BIESELE
The University of Texas
The Tchefuncte Culture, An Early Occupation of the Lower
Mississippi Valley. By James A. Ford and George I. Quim-
by, Jr. An appendix on the skeletal remains by Charles E.
Snow. American Antiquity, vol. X, no. 3, Supplement. Pub-
lished jointly by The Society for American Archaeology
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146056/. Accessed August 4, 2015.