The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946

Dr. Jokn SibIe and tlie ouisiana- exas
r rotier, 1803-1814
JULIA KATHRYN GARRET
[concluded]
Letter 42
Natchitoches Sept 4th 1813
Sir
Within three days past, several persons of undoubted Veracity,
have arrived here from St. Antonio, & states that on this 18th
of Aug. Atto. Genl. Aradondo [Arredondo] commanding an
Army of Royalists of between two & three Thousand were
twenty four miles from St. Antonio, attacked by this Repub-
lican Army, commanded by Genl. Toledo of about 1400. Aradondo
was advantageously posted, the Republicans made a furious as-
sault, drove in two flanks of Cavalry, killed many of them &
took two pieces of Cannon, Toledo then ordered a halt but the
Americans Consisting of between three & four hundred, with
the fury of Mad-men rushed on, running over their officers, &
filed into an Ambuscade & were most of them destroyed, the
remainder retreated in great disorder, leaving every thing be-
hind them,18' Toledo & about a dozen officers have arrived at
Nacogdoches & about 50 Americans, about the Same number tis
Said have got as far as the River Trinity. Most of the Spaniards
who were with Toledo, have returned toward Nacogdoches.
Aradondo's loss is reported to be 12 or 13 hundred. tis no
doubt great for he was not able to pursue any distance. Genl.
Toledo tis understood intends to make a stand at Nacogdoches
where the fugitives are hourly arriving in great distress. About
300 families left St. Antonio & Labardie [La Bahia] for this
place, 200 Women left St. Antonio on foot, the inhabitants of
Nacogdoches on the arrivals there of the News of this defeat
abandoned their homes, some have got in here the rest are on
the roads, & in a few days this town will be crowded with
hundreds of the most wretched of the human species, having
fled from their own country to Save their lives; they know that
Aradondo [Arredondo] at Altamira & Saltillio Butchered Men,
Women & Children. While Toledo remains in forces at Nacog-
doches this frontier of this U. States will be safe, otherwise
1s4Sibley refers to the Battle of the Medina. For an account see
Joaquin de Arredondo, "Report of the Battle of the Medina, August 18,
1813," translated by Mattie Austin Hatcher, The Quarterly of the Texas
State Historical Association, XI, 220-236.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 49, July 1945 - April, 1946. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth146056/. Accessed August 22, 2014.