Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas.

PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED S TA TES.

of Representatives. Mr. Clay gave the
vote of Kentucky to Mr. Adams, and he
was elected.
The friends of all disappointed candidates
now combined in a venomous assault upon
Mr. Adams. There is nothing more disgraceful
in the past history of our country
than the abuse which was poured in one
uninterrupted stream upon this highminded,
upright, patriotic man. There was
never an administration more pure in principles,
more conscientiously devoted to the
best interests of the country, than that of
John Quincy Adams; and never, perhaps,
was there an administration more unscrupulously
assailed. Mr. Adams took his seat
in the presidential chair resolved not to
know any partisanship, but only to consult
for the interests of the whole Republic,
He refused to dismiss any man from office
for his political views. If he was a faithful
officer that was enough. Bitter must
have been his disappointment to find that the
Nation could not appreciate such conduct.
Mr. Adams, in his public manners, was
cold and repulsive; though with his personal
friends he was at times very genial.
This chilling address very seriously detracted
from his popularity. No one can
read an impartial record of his admninistration
without admitting that a more noble
example of uncompromising dignity can
scarcely be found. It was stated publicly
that Mr. Adams' administration was to be
put down, "though it be as pure as the angels
which stand at the right hand of the
throne of God." Many of the active participants
in these scenes lived to regret the
course they pursued. Some years after,
Warren R. Davis, of South Carolina, turning
to Mr. Adams, then a member of the
House of Representatives, said:
" Well do I remember the enthusiastic
zeal with which we reproached the administration
of that gentleman, and the ardor
and vehemence with which we labored to

bring in another. For the share I had in
these transactions, and it was not a small
one, I iope God will forgive me, for I shall
never forgive myself."
March 4, 1829, Mr. Adams retired from
the Presidency and was succeeded by Andrew
Jackson, the latter receiving i68 out
of 261 electoral votes. John C. Calhoun
was elected Vice-President. The slavery
question now began to assume pretentious
magnitude. Mr. Adams returned to
Quincy, and pursued his studies with unabated
zeal. But he was not long permitted
to remain in retirement. In November,
I830, he was elected to Congress. In this
he recognized the principle that it is honorable
for the General of yesterday to act as
Corporal to-day, if by so doing he can render
service to his country. Deep as are
our obligations to John Quincy Adams for
his services as embassador. as Secretary of
State and as President; in his capacity as
legislator in the House of Representatives,
he conferred benefits upon our land
which eclipsed all the rest, and which can
never be over-estimated.
For seventeen years, until his death, he
occupied the post of Representative, towering
above all his peers, ever ready to do
brave battle for freedom, and winning the
title of "the old man eloquent." Upon
taking his seat in the House he announced
that he should hold himself bound to no
party. He was usually the first in his
place in the morning, and the last to leave
his seat in the evening. Not a measure
could escape his scrutiny. The battle
which he fought, almost singly, against the
pro-slavery party in the Government, was
sublime in its moral daring and heroism.
For persisting in presenting petitions for
the abolition of slavery, he was threatened
with indictment by the Grand Jury, with
expulsion from the House, with assassination;
but no threats could intimidate him,
and his final triumph was complete.

Lewis Publishing Company. Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas.. Chicago, Illinois. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth20932/. Accessed July 23, 2014.