PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES.
:.i( .(I OHN TYLER, the tenth
".. l d [ XPresident of the United
.. H. , S[l F i tates, was born in
M! l11": Charles City County,
lM(S .Virginia, March 29, 1790.
His father, Judge John
j1: g Tyler, possessed large
At :landed estates in Virginia,
.* t* and was one of the most
-'. distinguished men of his
A ^ day, filling the offices of
~}~ Speaker of the House of
Delegates, Judge of the Supreme
Court and Governor
of the State.
At the early age of twelve
young John entered William and Mary
College, and graduated with honor when
but seventeen years old. He then closely
applied himself to the study of law, and at
nineteen years of age commenced the practice
of his profession. When only twentyone
he was elected to a seat in the State
Legislature. He acted with the Democratic
party and advocated the measures of
Jefferson and Madison. For five years he
was elected to the Legislature, receiving
nearly the unanimous vote of his county.
When but twenty-six years of age he was
elected a member of Congress. He advocated
a strict construction of the Constitution
and the most careful vigilance over
State rights. He was soon compelled to
resign his seat in Congress, owing to ill
health, but afterward took his seat in the
State Legislature, where he exerted a
powerful influence in promoting public
works of great utility.
In 1825 Mr. Tyler was chosen Governor
of his State-a high honor, for Virginia
had many able men as competitors for
the prize. His administration was signally
a successful one. He urged forward internal
improvements and strove to remove
sectional jealousies. His popularity secured
his re-election. In 1827 he was elected
United States Senator, and upon taking his
seat joined the ranks of the opposition. He
opposed the tariff, voted against the bank
as unconstitutional, opposed all restrictions
upon slavery, resisted all projects of internal
improvements by the General Government,
avowed his sympathy with Mr. Calhoun's
views of nullification, and declared
that General Jackson, by his opposition to
the nullifiers, had abandoned the principles
of the Democratic party. Such was Mr.
Tyler's record in Congress.
This hostility to Jackson caused Mr.
Tyler's retirement from the Senate, after
his election to a second term. He soon
after removed to Williamsburg for the
better education of his children, and again
took his seat in the Legislature.
Lewis Publishing Company. Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas.. Chicago, Illinois. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth20932/. Accessed April 1, 2015.