tion at an end, and that " peace, order, tranquility
and civil authority existed in and
throughout the United States." Another
proclamation enjoined obedience to the
Constitution and the laws, and an amnesty
was published September 7, relieving nearly
all the participants in the late Rebellion
from the disabilities thereby incurred, on
condition of taking the oath to support the
Constitution and the laws.
In December Congress refused to confirm
the removal of Secretary Stanton, who
thereupon resumed the exercise of his office;
but February 21,' 868, President
Johnson again attempted to remove him,
appointing General Lorenzo Thomas in his
place. Stanton refused to vacate his post,
and was sustained by the Senate.
February 24 the House of Representatives
voted to impeach the President for
"high crime and misdemeanors," and March
5 presented eleven articles of impeachment
on the ground of his resistance to the execution
of the acts of Congress, alleging, in
addition to the offense lately committed,
his public expressions of contempt for Congress,
in "certain intemperate, inflammatory
and scandalous harangues" pronounced
in August and September, i866, and thereafter
declaring that the Thirty-ninth Congress
of the United States was not a
competent legislative body, and denying
its power to propose Constitutional amendments.
March 23 the impeachment trial
began. the President appearing by counsel,
and resulted in acquittal, the vote lacking
one of the two-thirds vote required for
The remainder of President Johnson's
term of office was passed without any such
conflicts as might have been anticipated.
He failed to obtain a nomination for reelection
by the Democratic party, though
receiving sixty-five votes on the first ballot.
July 4 and December 25 new proclamations
of pardon to the participants in the late
Rebellion were issued, but were of little
effect. On the accession of General Grant
to the Presidency, March 4, I869, Johnson
returned to Greenville, Tennessee. Unsuccessful
in 1870 and 1872 as a candidate respectively
for United States Senator and
Representative, he was finally elected to the
Senate in 1875, and took his seat in the extra
session of March, in which his speeches
were comparatively temperate. He died
July 31, 1875, and was buried at Greenville.
President Johnson's administration was a
peculiarly unfortunate one. That he should
so soon become involved in bitter feud with
the Republican majority in Congress was
certainly a surprising and deplorable incident;
yet, in reviewing the circumstances
after a lapse of so many years, it is easy to
find ample room for a charitable judgment
of both the parties in the heated controversy,
since it cannot be doubted that any
President, even Lincoln himself, had he
lived, must have sacrificed a large portion
of his popularity in carrying out any pos.
sible scheme of reconstruction.
Lewis Publishing Company. Memorial and Biographical History of Dallas County, Texas.. Chicago, Illinois. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth20932/. Accessed March 2, 2015.