The Texas State Times (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 6, Ed. 1 Saturday, January 13, 1855

TEXAS STATE TIMES.
CITY OF AUSTIN, TEXAS, SATURDAY, JANUARY 13, 1855. .
C
NUMBER 6

'Far# Leaden."
from the last Congress of Jefferson's admin- Ttie Know Aothlngo and the"Press
. j _ .11 istration, nntil he met the man of his desti-
[ is the title of a work lately jn Andrew Jackson; that in Democratic
eub&hed by Mr. Baldwin. The characters and Congresses, he carried almost every one of
aermes of many of our great statesmen are his leading measures, and was only defeated
With singular ability, ye* by the vetoes of the President from fixin-
V _ _ Al_ - —^1«— nIi*i/vn+ +hn nrhAln linn <1
when we add, that, for thirty years, a greater
body of intellect looked up to him in rever-
ence, or followed him with unhesitating con-
.. , , , .. noon the eouatry almost the whole line of
the« wmrfti e old Fedml feehngper- policy broad ^ to have em.
vadifcg tha work. Hamilton is held up in a ne rlv the whole scheme of Federal
f&tlME more advantageous light than Jeffer- nHministratrion. If we look at his measures,
son. With one exoeptkn his remarks on the j we find schemes so large—systems so broad
of Glen. Jackson are —as to belong only to minds the most capa-
and they are remarkably Well >. and>beaidea them, we see faculties of
i _ . . . . administration so extended as to embrace the
written. the&nowing|eulogistic summaries ^ ^ ^ w_
. of tip characters of Gen Jackson and jfflr. mftn ever had a busier invention in
Clay, wiH be read with interest: moulding measures, or a more active enter-
Jackson.—"Thus passed from the world prise in prosecuting his purposes. And,
gag of the most remarkable men, who, in all *"5'4 >l,"t ***"♦"
tis? generations of mankind, ever made his
mark upon his age. It^ is vain to deny to _
Jackson a title to greatness. He achieved fidence, than any man of his age attracted;
grcst things and won a Accession of splendid that those who knew him longest were those
trrmaphs unequaled iii the history of any who appreciated him the most highly; that
man, save one, of "his generation. He Senators and judges applauded him as loudly
achieved them, not by the force of accident, as the village zealots of his party at the
but because of the power within him. It is clubs; and that generation after generation
idle to discuss the abifiiy or the merits of a of statesmen found him and left him at the
man who,in different and thesethe highest, post of unquestioned national leadership—
departments of humah enterprise, succeeds, a* the first post of effective influence on all
"not in one department or in one measure, Questions, which, for the time,, sank the
is all department and in all things, clamors, and disbanded the organization of
Tiout a long succession of years and of15—we begin to realize the error, which
against the greatest and most vari- woold degrade the intellect ot such a man,
>n. Such successes do Hot come from the highest class of the gifted sons of
But if '"we will "not take this genius God has ever given to the earth. In
jMoonl conclusion, let us look to particulars, j the multiplicity of his accomplishments, in
What did he accomplish ? He raised him- the versatility of his powers, in the grandeur
aelfrin a profession, of all others, the least of his schemes, in the strength of his intel-
snhed to his <*enius,:at a time of life, when j leet, in the loftiness and range of his ambi.
teener real merit afe only preparing than- j tion, in his sway over the intelligence of his
aeheB fir Jocaj distinction, to the of country, and in the monumental measures of
celebrate the rights of matrimony, nor per-
. form the funeral obsequies over the dead;
Several Texas papers, perhaps following j protestant schools are not tolerated, Protes-
the lead of the State Gazette, have condemn- tant churches are not suffered to be erected,
ed this clandestine order in unmeasured nor the forma of Protestant worship permit-
terms. As to the ri°ht of American citizens ted even in the private rooms of those who
to counteract, by secret societies, if necessa-
ry, foreign influences and foreign organiza-
tions, we have no doubt and have so express-
ed ourselves. But whether the Know Noth-
ings are really working for the objects attrib-
deny the supremacy of the Pope.
The Circassian Slave Trade.
A Constantinople correspondent of the
as
more about tiie Soule affair.
The Soule affair appears interminable.—
The last on the subject appeared on the 19th
November, in a journal called L'Homme.
It was a If't<r addressed to Mr. Charles Ri-
berolles by Mr. Hypolite Magen, one of the
London Central Democratic Committee. M.
Magen says:
The Moniteur has just utttered another
falsehood, with an impudence that is about
Morning Chronicle writes to that paper
follows, under date of November 10th:
. . When last I wrote I forgot to enclose you ! to receivc a signal chastisement from Amer-
uted to them by the public prints is a matter jjje imperial firmans issued by the Sultan ican diplomacy. To conceal his poltroonery
of which we are not cognizant. The order have for the suppression of the slave trade. They : from France, Louis Bonaparte has entirely
claimed, it is said, to stand upon a broad, read very well, and would tend to persuade perverted facts. I now proceed to rectify
national, American platform. Judging from strangers this traffic is really ou the point of them, and this rectification will not leave to
. ,, . * % ., being put a stop to. The promulgation and the Decembrist falsifiers the possibility of a
the persons they have elevated to office, they exec°t[on of a law
are two very different contradiction.
seem not to recognisa old party lines. In things in Turkey. The public slave market On disembarking from Calais on the "24th
Boston the re-election of Mayor Smith, of Constantinople has ceased to exist for; of October, a commissary of police apprised
the man, who defied the mob, executed the some years, but the slave trade has not dim- j " Mr. Soule that lie had received orders
law and returned the fugitive slave Burns to inished. The same number
his master, there is something of hope to the ^ iThis private
South. This is surely a change from the jng jjje - • - -
spirit, which acquiesced in the refusal of have some
End of a Tennessee Frolic. i American Mediation for the Peace
by sam slick. j of Europe.—The following is a copy ef a
Well, we danced and hurrawed without document which is being widely circulated in
any thing of particular interest to happen till *v ew : , „
about three o'clock, when the darndSt muss To the Honorable the Senate and HooSe of Re-
, T. o •. preventatives in Congress assembled,
was picked up you ever did see Jim Smith The undeBigned citizcns of New york,
set down alongside Bet Holdeu (the steel-trap respectfully represent to jour honorable
gal) and just gave her a buss bar fashion — bodies, that they view with deep concern the
She took it all very kind til she seed Sam bloody war now racing in the Crimea, be-
Henry a looken on from behind a dozen gals tween Russia on the one hand, and Turkey,
then she went to kickin , and hollcnn , and France and England on the other: a war
sereehin , like ail wrath. Sam, he came up that has already been attended with a fearful
and told Jim to let Bet go. Jim told him to waste of lives ar.d treasure, and which, unless
go to a far off country whar they give away speedily ended, threatens to involve the whole
brimstone and throw in the fire to burn it. 0f Europe, and to retard the civilization and
Sam hit him straight atween the eyes, and commerce of the world.
after a few liks the fightin' started. It has occured to your memorialists, in
Oh, hush !
It makes my mouth wa tor now view of the friendly relations existing between
promulgation of the firman may ' commissary replied that he must demand by
influence, but it witl^be very' telegraph authority to show them from the
Attorney General an& of judge; and when
the; soene changed jtom peace to war, he
rose at ouoe to the wet of General, and, in
a few months won the most brilliant success-
es and the brightest laurels of the war, and
placed himself side by side with the great
captains of the woridL He took his seat in
the Senate of the United States. He was
soon the strongest candidate before the peo-
ple for President, bearing the palm from the
veteran politicians any established statesmen
of the country. Defeated in the House by
the politicians, he
and established upoi
ascendancy. ~Ee.
tide of personal popularity to the first office
of his country, and held power against an
~ ion more powerful than ever before
an Administration. But he did
more than this. He impressed his
name and character ippon the country more
deeply than any man^the father of his conn
try only excepted,
him. He gave a
ence to the popular
finance of old poT
Government
and more
new era in Agupii
measures, new jdeas,
founded a
sation, and afore lasting in. its influence,
than any before established, giving its own
line of statesmen, and its own course of poli-
his policy, Alexander Hamilton, alone of his
countrymen, approaches him."
IJhe paragraph alluded to, speaks of Gen.
Jackson as follows:
"Yet due thing this great man lacked.—
He lacked the crowning virtue of magna-
nimity. Generosity towards a personal or
[ political enemy, and charity for opposing
| opinion, were not numbered among the vir-
tues in his calendar. We are pained to
forced by truth to say that the hero's charae-
, , „ . . ter, of such robust and stalwart proportions,
ed de eat into vie ry, an(j yjtui with such massive, and masculine
it a snre and astmg was incomplete. Like some Goth-
by the stronges jc jower^ (jjjjjy seen ],y star-light, it leaves
the impression of power akin to the terrific
and sublime; but wants the mild and soft-
ening light of this absent grace to make it
lovely to the contemplation, and dear to the
heart."
Those who knew him longest and most in-
timately would hardly endorse the above.—
His strong feelings certainly never caused
his political opposition to degenerate into a
dislike for the persons of his opponents.
did before or after
d awakening influ-
threw off the in-
and started the
ie onward in a new
career. He opened a
ican politics, with new
and new statesmen. He
Faneuil Hall, to Daniel Webster by the slight; and it is therefore as well to say so, j Sans-Prefet of Boulogne
Council of Boston, as a rebuke for hisspeech and expose how dust is thrown into the eyes ' " TT '
and vote on the Compromise Measures. It European public. .
- , . , „ _. , , This is not the moment to indulge m de-
might be an inquiry of some interest to the picting the state of slavery in the Turkish
Southern traducers of the Know Nothings empire. It is, however, but just to remark,
to investigate the causes of this change. To that slavery exists here in its mildest form.
say the least of it, this looks little like frater- It is an Eastern custom. Slaves are treated
nising with the Abolitionists. It is quite as a part of the family or household, and are
,, . „ „ , „ ™ not kept for labor: indeed, numbers of the, r —
presumable the votes of Wendell Phillips, most distinguished and powerful men in Tur-! sary re-appeared, and held textually to Mr.
and Theodore Parker s satellites were not ]jgy have been slaves by origin. As regards Soule the following language !—
cast for tfie present Mayor of Boston. ; the sale and purchase of slaves in Circassia,
In their zeal to stab Know Nothingism the desire and ambition of a Circassian girl
n i r . is to be sold at Constantinople. She has a
some of the public journalists, among tham she ^ beautifoI/of becomi Sul.
our neighbor of the Gazette, came very near ^ or at least she flattere herseIf that her
going into the arms of the Catholics, and good looks will open the harem of some opu-
lent Pacha to her.
It must not be disguised that our endeav-
ors to suppress the Circassian slave trade,
though no doubt meritorious, and founded on
motives of philanthropy, will be regarded in
are capable of dissolving the bonds of the ^ very different light by the Circassians, and „ _
subject's allegiance—whose powers to rule gain us many an enemy amongst them.—! he was thus brutally expelled, he wrote to
its communicants by a mere order, upon any With respect to black slaves, no country is [ his colleague, Mr. Mason, all the details of
subject, even against their own sense 0f! ^liberal towards our dark brothers as the j this interview. Mr. Masont ost no time m
. t j • _ Turk, whose ideas of man in general seem j despatching to London Mr. iriatt, his feecre-
nght, are pronounced irrevocable and not to j noj. ^ jje rooted in a prejudice against the j tary of Legation, and, in presence of Mr.
be appealed from; such a Church might dark sons of Arabia and Africa, as is the i Buchanan, these details received a fresh con-
well challenge the services of able advocates case in the north. The black hasveiy nearly j firmation. Mr. Mason dwelt minutely upon
to establish its superior claims as the friend the same rights as his fellow Mahometan of a j all of them, in the note whioh he forwarded
anj ^mn^r .nf ;/> inefUnfmno paler color. Many- fill high offices in the 5 to M. Brouyn de L Huys; the Minister ot
_ i f State. Religion is the barrier at which the j Bonaparte did not dispute for a moment
However we have nought to say on the reli- Moslem stumbles—one black Mahometan is the^r perfect exactness. \ou know how
gious bearings of the question, we shall leave better in his sight than lOjOOO : crafty perjury became humble before the
this to theologians. It seems the papers of The promulgation of this firman is, however, J menacing attitude of the American diplo-
Mississippi are discussing this point at some ! a move in the right direction, and the result mats, the censure of Lorcl C/larendoii,andjthe
thrusting right and left at the Protestants.
A Church, whose head claims to be both a
spiritual and temporal potentate—the vice-
gerent of God on earth—whose mandates
u ffnr mauj ilioui'o will you require for
that ?" demanded the ambsasader.,
" An hour," replied the commissary.
" And during that hour," added Mr.
Soule, "shall I be free?"
" Yes," replied the police officer, " free to
remain in Calais, but not to proceed a step
beyond it."
When the hour had expired the eommis-
" The Sans-Prefet of Boulogne confirms
the instructions that I have signified to you,
but he refuses to authorize me to give you a
popy of them. Nevertheless, if you desire it,
I will make another attempt to get a copy
for you by soliciting fresh instructions."
Then only did Mr. Soule protest against
an insult which touched his public character,
and declared " that he had no ordere to re-
ceive from a government destitute of all mor-
al sense and principle."
♦ And before quitting France, from whence
to think what a beautiful row we had. One
feller from Caddy's Cove knocked a hole in
the bottom of a i'ryin' pan, over Dan Tucker's
head, aud left it hangin' round his neck,
the handle flying about like a long quene, and
thar it hung till Jake Thurman cut it off
with a cold chisel next day. was his
share for that lii^lit. sure. Another feller
got knocked into a meal barrel; lie was as
mealy as an Irish potato and as hot as a hoss
! redish; when he busted the hoops and came
j out he rared a few. Two fellers tit out of the
door, down the hill, into the creek, and there
ended it in a quiet way all alone. A perfect
mule from Stock Creek hit me a wipe with
a pair of winding blades; he made kindling
i wood of them and I lit on him.
We had it heads aud tails for a long time,
all over the house, but if the truth must be
told aud shame my kind, he warped me nice;
just to save him time I hollored. The lick-
ing that he gave me made nie sorter uneasy
the United States and each of the contending
powers; of the mutual interests of all parts of
Christendom in the common welfare; and of
the high position of this country among the
nations of the earth :—-that while adhering to
our established policy of avoiding all imper-
tinent intervention in foreign affairs, and all
entangling alliances, this country might with
great propriety impartially tender its friendly
mediation to the four belligerents, in the hope
of staying the slaughter of their gallant armies,
and restoring, if possible, .the blessings of
peace.
Your memorialists do therefore respectfully
aud earnestly entreat your honorable bodies
to take the subject into your instant and se-
| rious consideration : and if no constitutional
I or other sufficient objections shall appear
thereto, to express, in such terms as to your
wisdom shall seem meet, the desire of this
length. The annexed extracts are from the
Canton (Miss.) American Citizen :
Alatennmber of the Mississippian contains
of the strenuous efforts of Her Majesty's
ambassador, Lord Stratford 3te Bedclifi'e.
Revelations of the Barometer—
The Spiritual Telegraph Superseded.—The I
r, more perfect in its organi- ! following interesting communication was re-
cently addressed to the French Minister of
War, by M. Le Maodt, a chemist of
seem meet,
nation for the reinstatement of the peace of
j - , , . , Europe: and to proffer, ih such manner, and
and hostile like; it wakened my wolfe wide to such extent as shall be found convenient,
, .Thif1 ,,e hdd!cr caniescrougm past our friendly mediation to that end.
holdin his fiddle up over hit, head to keep it j And your petitioners will ever pray, &c.
in tune, for the iightin was gettiu tolerable The subject has been introduced into the
1^.' , arc e one I) and I jist Senate where, Mr. Summer offered a resolu-
grabbed the dough tray and split it plump i tion of inquiry in reference to the expediency
over his head. He rotted down right thar, j 0f offering the mediation of Government to
j and I paddled him nicely with one of the j the belligerent parties of Europe, for the
: pieces! Jule Sawyer was thar, and my Sal just purpose of endeavoring to settle the warques-
annexed to her right off, and a mighty nice fight tion. He advocated his resolution with some
it was. Jule striped and checked her face remarks.
| nice, like a partrige net hung on a white fence. Mr. Rusk objected. He thought it better
She hollered for her fiddler, but oh, shaw - | for us to keep clear of all such questions, to
j he couldn't do her a bit of good; he was too j attend to our own affairs and allow England,
busy rubbiu first his broken head, and then France. Russia and Turkey to attend to theirs.
I his blistered extremities; so when I thought We had no hand in bringing about the quar-
1 Jule had given her plenty, I pulled her off, j rel. Eet them settle it.
i and put her in a good humor by givin' her j — —
soft sawder. Well I thought at first if I had j Tiie Navy.—The Washington corres-
; a drink I'd be about done; so I started for ; pondent of the Baltimore Sun gives thesub-
' the creek, and the first I saw was more stars joined ifl re,ation to the .
with my eyes shut than I ever did with them . . , . ,
lhe six steam frigates now being built, and
which will be finished by the close of next
The
alarming pressure of public opinion.
result was a cowardly retractation.
Disdaining the distinction which Bonaparte
had songht to establish between the ambassa-
dor and a private gentleman, and not wish-
ing-that the sycophant Emperor should re-
serve to himself this means of explaining
away or excusing a disgraceful retreat, Mr.
and the
/; a party from which was
er influence upon the world,
increase of the wealth,
a tion of the Republic.—
the strength and energies of
Government, made it formidable, feared,
1 V.
the second
*0Be
rich IMHifur panning a bilking bankrupt,
aad fiire&l him to a settlement of a claim,
npon an open threat of chastisement. He
fonnd a Confafcmy—he left an empire. He
altered the moMtay system of the Govern-
ment—stroek down the Bank of tiie United
States—raised up and sustained the State
hanks, and finally blew them up as so many
torpedoes^ and, for ^time, nearly abolished
the whole credit system of a great trading
He struck ddwn the doctrines of
_hts in their sanctions and substance,
. in their strongholds, and with them the
a ehemisi, nt Sf.
Brieue :•
St. Brtenz, Oct. 27, 1854.
Monsieur le Ministre :—I have occupied
myself, since the commenceiitc u t of Lb
ern war, with a- series of oVihCrvations on the
modifications which acre experi-
dea tfrafc.
_ ^jrntde every three
hours.. -
I havje collected, on the effects of cannon,
facts of the highest interest, wkit>h I render
intelligible upoil paper by thr- aid of figures,
a specimen of which I send you, extracted
hastily from the results of my oWrvasu.oK.
and which represent the comparative fcfioots
of the cannonades of Odessa, of the battle
of Alma, of the day of the 6th of October,
(cannon fired at the Invalides,) of the open-
ing of the bombardment of Sebastopol, and
of the day of the 25th of October.
I hope to be able to establish that the bar-
ometer is not, as is commonly thought, an
instrument merely intended to indicate raia
An Indigestible Meal.—A# imffiense
an article bitterly denouncing the Know anaconda fecently arrived in Boston from
Nothing movement as utterly unworthy the *;{le neighborhood*?if the Congo river, in Af-
enlightenment of the age. In this article the rica. It is said that his length is between
bold ^fstemerst is hazarded thr.t more tepub- twenty and twenty-five feet, vritb a girth ot i _
Bean freedom fe now to be fonnd in Catholic thirtjynches in the largest parify^hls body, j Soule did not hesitate to follow the xm<n of
thai} la Prottstant countries. There are a few curious eir*?njasta-"vces con- •
We would very ^n ? Eecrettisirh luis reptile stranger si ace his ar- j he was invited-
controversy of a religious character. We rival which arc worth e)iroD;vlia<£ :—
would fain confine ourself to the discussion fore leaving Ins native ianu he tdc>k a hca-Ttv ! " This case will not admit ot any equivo-
of questions logitimatelv belonging to us as a Jaeid. °*"a do?> and no 0^°* 'w"as eaten j cation. Of an outrage, which attacks my
pnfptcSF and leave to theological him for seven months after. About the ; publie character, M. Bonaparte endeavors to
lii^p-diunrs to wrangle about forms and creeds, i O'Jtober this king of snakes arrived ; makethus tardily, craftily, a pers jnal affront,
aft^ramcnts. and - Bttl> WSeh fito in Boston, and was lodged in a large ease j my antecedents, h-r has fUd you, 1 being of a
e principles of Protestantism are with very strong glass walfe. and a -namre to provoke, the attention ef the imperial
covertly att:w>ked by professed friends, and English milled blanket, foldna into four j government.'
pronounced less favorable to Republicanism thicknesses, furnished for his bed. On the, "Well I will oppose
than are the dangerous dogmas and practi- -0th of November Mr. Sears, the proprietor j those of my insultcr
my eyes
open. I looked arouud and it was the little
fiddler's big brother ! I knew what it meant,
! so we locked horns without a word, thar all
j alone, aud I do think we fit an hour. At
last some of the fellers learnt the jolts at the
house, aud they cum and dug us out, for we
had fit into a hole where a big pine stump
j had burnt out; and there we was, up to our
j girths, a peggin' awav. facc to face, and no
i doggin'.
December on the personal ground to which j Tub Declaration of Independence—
He *Kat«_thus to Mr. Ma- , Where it teas Written.—We find the folio-
year, will not yet put our navy in a position
to compete even with second rate maritime
powers, and yet our tonnage, exclusive oF
ocean steamers, is even now greater than that
of Great Britain !
Mr. Phillips, of Alabama, has introduced a
bill for the construction of six additional sloops
of war. These, too, are much n<>edod in the
] service, end wanted to protect our commerce.
| While our sea-coast has been extended—while
we are about to annex distant islands to our
i, >...1111. i i , " confederacy' of States, we must do something
wing in the Fhikdelphw Lcagerot the 2bth:ct theJ the mere taking possessiw
It nas been stated that the Declaration of j of ^ is]iU)ds woul(] be a fertde source of
foreiirn war, rather
Independence was written by Thomas Jeffer- | hunriliatibn' in caac of a
son, in the old blinding at r nth and Elinor
strcete, krown as Jefferson Wigwam
mv antecedents to
thought it was full time to tempt his appe- j
tite, introduced a rabbit into his den just at j
evening. On viewing the interior; the fol-
lowing morning the blanket ttas missing,
flower of the ' disciples of that school, to - and fine weather, but a mobile apparatus, ex-
which he had, in great part, owed his eleva- eessively sensible, which places us in com-
tion; and he estaolisked national doctrines, | munication with all great atmospherical phe-
phieh placed the Government on the basis j nomena.
vainly oontended for by Washington and 1
ces of ±4omauisiii, our inmost soul revolts at
the slanderous statement, and we spurn with
deepest loatiung the intense falsification of
existing feet?, and of the truth of history.— _ _ ^
The gauntlet- has been thrown down by the ' while the rabbit was still alive! OnWednes-
apologists of ljppaey, and must be accepted by | daJ; seven days after, the blanket was dis-
Protestants, or their cause ignominiously sur- charged, whole and unimpaired, after a cir-
rendered to an arrogant foe. The latter al- cuitous journey through au intestinal tube of
ternativc will never be embraced by men -nearly one hundred aud fifty feet. It may
who have been taught to revere the memories be seen in the apartment, being six feet wide
of Luther, of Calvin, of Melancthon, *and by seven in length. Since that period he
their illustrious co-laborers, whose noble ex- has exhibited excellent health and has de-
ertions rolled back the dark clouds of Papal . voured a fowl. Every few days he drinks
" As you know, I exiled myself voluntari-
ly in 1825. to escape persecution bfought
upon m« by iht. ardviit struggle in which I
had engaged against the deplorable policy
inaugurated by the accession of"Charles X. to
the throne of France, and which in 1830 led
to the breaking by the people of the crown
of that monarch.
"'Whilst I was studying liberty in the
country of my adoption; whilst I was devo-
ting myself to serious pursuits—thanks to
which I have been able to become what I am
the circumstances concerning which your
letter of the 8th makes inquiry. They prove,
even in their minuteness, the sacred attach-
| ment of our fellow-citizens to the event of
I which the paper of July 4, 1776, was but the
j declaration, the genuine effusion of the soul
«f our country at that time. Small things
vainly contended for
Marshall. He subdued the Senate. He
placed his rejected minister at its head. It
, rebuked his course. He made it draw black
Jjnes around its records. And he raised up
another president, if not two, to rule after
him; and continued after his retirement,
and to the close of his life, the rating spirit
What is remarkable in this instrument is,
that at from GOO to 800 leagues pf distance
an impression is produced on it in a few
hours by the discharge of cannon. Observ-
ed with eare and intelligence it cannot fail,
in certain circumstances, to become of the
highest utility in the time of war.
The object to which I venture to direct
<rf hift party. ^ This he. did without the aid ; your attention is thi
of the politiciansfor he needed no conduit J have no occasion to apprise you of the
between himselt and the people. He opera- i commencement of the bombardment of Se-
ted dvrecuy upon the pnblic mind. Indeed, ' bastopol, as you have already received the
the most popular man of his followers held j news of it officially, but I can announce to
ma popnlanty on die tenure of his will. De- | y0a with a certainty which will not be belied
f!tT>n 0 Tiatan cause was popular os- by the facts, that the day before yesterday a
^c^m" . , wer® powerful enongh to ! cannonade such as has not taken place during
imae up whom he chose, he was powerful | the year which is about to elapse, even com-
~*n whom he chose. His j prising those of the siege of Sillistria and
—M. Louis Bonaparte, twice a rebel and
despotism which had hung, long centuries, j about three quarts ef water sucking if all up I once a murderer, appeared as a criminal be-
like the pall of death over our down-trodden j at once. When an animal is given tor food j fore the grand tribunal of the nation over
world. 4 ' to one of this family of seipents it is eyed in- j which he at present reigns as an insolent des-
We assume this as an axiom in morals, ! tently for a instant, and then the poor trem- p0t) and was eondemned to an ignominious
that if Republicanism is best adapted to se- bling creature is suddenly crushed in the I punishment.
cure and protect the rights of man, then the huge folds of the terrible monster, the crack- "Whilst a Senator elected by the free and
syrtem of religious doctrine which most per- ing of the bones being distinctly heard at unsolicited suffrages of the State of Louis-
fectly harmonizes with this form of govern- j quite a distance. Thus prepared for swal-! anna, I mounted die steps of the Capitol, M.
ment must be the true one. Other- lowing, the body is still held in a coil, which ; Louis Bonaparte was bathing in the blood of
wise we involve God in the strange in- is equivalent to a hand, and kept steady, j a people massacred by the sbirros whom he
consistency of establishing a system of moral while it is gradually sucked down the throat had just enrolled to make them the monsters
of the animal into the stomachy where it is j of his appetites and covetonsness."
slowly digested. It is the opinion of Mr. | After nailing to the pillory and lashing
Sears that when the anaconda sprang at the j thus severely the pitiful hero of Strasbourg,
rabbit mentioned above, by some mistake in j Boulogne and the Parisian boulevards, Mr.
government at variance with civil rights
of man. If, as is alleged in the Mississ-
ippian, the political rights of man are
now, and always have been, better secured
name and his influence were as pervasive as
the atmosphere. It fixed the selection and
promotion of tiie cabinet minister, even of i
the President, and also of the lowest official.
of an obscure municipality."
the bombardment of Odessa, commenced on
that morning before Sebastopol.
Be good enough to cast your eye over the
table I send you. You will see there that in
48 hours the barometer rose 80 millimetres,
Clay.——" Great injustice has been done j and that the figure which .represents this
Cl®y> by instituting comparisons between a rise, comparatively to those produced by the
single faculty or a few faculties of his intel- other bombardments, is almost vertical, an
lent, and a single or a few faculties of his il- : index, with the other signs by which it is
Instrioas contemporaries; and by a general accompanied, of the intensity of the action
deduction of his inferiority to them, drawn of the cannonade.
from this comparison. It might be safely In a few days you will receivc from Sebas-
admittcd that Clay did not possess the won- topol news of the 25th, which will give you
derful analysis of Calhoun—that incarnation full information of what occurred on that
of logic. It might, also, be conceded, that day, which has proved, I have no doubt, one
he had no claim to the Miltonic grandeur of of the most memorable of the whole cam-
imagination, the classic erudition, the artist- paign.
ic skill in words, and the comprehensive ' In the meanwhile I remain, etc., etc.,
and lucid statement of Webster-. Not only CH. LE MAOUT.
Clay s intellect, but his whole organization, It is scarcely necessary for us to add that
depends for its just appreciation upon a the information contained in this letter was
view of it aw a whole. It is remarkable for subsequently confirmed by the facts.
tiie harmonious proportions, and the large, 1
though equable, developments of all the Tiie Gibson Case.—The President of
parts. If, by no one faculty, standing alone, the United States, on the 21st, transmitted a
would he have been greatly distinguished, message to the House of Representatives, in
yet in no one faculty was he less than remark- answer to a resolution of the 27tu of July
able; while the whole made up a comple- last, enclosing copies of a correspondence
ment of distinction and power denied, as we with the Government of the Netherlands in
think, to any other man of his time. Re- relation to the case of Capt. Gibson. 31 r.
fleet, how rare it is to find concentrated in Orr urged earnest and early attention to the
one man all the qualities of mind, of body, subject as presenting a very grave question,
of temperament, which make a successful It seems that all diplomatic efforts to adjust
manager m war-times, and in those crises of the difficulty had failed. The Committee on
afiabsin peace, mmmf hT^h.rt facul- • Foreign Affairs are expected to make au ear-
ties pj ihf eaptaia. Reflect, how fow of his ly report.—X. O. True Delta.
cont^>:i porarwr« e<«id, on any one piomincnt :
oee^wn. have supplied his place. Consider, 1 Dalton, of the Printer, says that " a
ow ew v< e qua ures which pre- man and his wife can live cheaper than half
wire jc_iod w.o a pa y vr years a dozen men and horses." Well, we shouldn't
how fewcouMtave ^undisputed leader- wonder. The lord knows, that if we had a
rin a gen- wife, and she would eat as much as half a
emtion. Wbo else has ever done it ? Con- ' , , , , , ■ ,,
s-der that wit>> m— ooalitios were blenZ? 0Zen,lie" and horses> wc should ,in?hty
s it.r, ttuit wuft , n qmuiues were wended soon 8hlp her to the „ t, side of jordan,"
a bwinew e&oaeity and knowledge of detail, \ or . i
_ x: i ^ j *• „ -r ^ or to some place where corn is cheaper than
which qualified him for success m cvjry de- hcre-a-bouts —Leon Pioneer
partment of practical -.ffiure. Consider, that f wneer.
he showed a genics for diplomacy inierior to
that r.f_ soman of the age; for bis settlement
of the
impossible adjustment, wiled for as high ble and productive coal estate in the Sha-
dipiv rr>atic ability us the trenties he i.agotiar mokin Coal Basin I ir o f/
♦ori a inr;^ « j xia. a -oosin, lor the benefit of the
, lJI)Hider that' ^ a Jur st " rtwlJ; destitute ^ of New York Philadel hi
and more universally diffused where the doc- j calculation the latter escaped, and the edge I Soule briefly referring to the insult at Calais,
1 " ' i—^ j i— •>-- + transmitted by DrouyndeL'Huys, exclaimed
with crushing disdain:—
" You can understand that an outrage of-
fered me by the valet of such a master has
not and cannot possibly wound me."
Treating, then, the question in a diplomat-
ic point of view, Mr. Soule invokes the au-
thority of M. Martens, whose book serves as
a sort of guide to diplomats, and triumph-
antly destroys the miserable quibbles of his
overwhelmed adversary.
lie begged of Mr. Mason to address a
copy of this energetic letter to M. Drouyn de
trines of Romanism prevail, we are forced to \ of the blanket was seized by the teeth.— 1
the conclusion that Protestantism is false : When these are once engaged, being for
and Catholicism is true. Evade it if you j holders and not for mastication, it is quite
can;'look at it as you may, "to this com- 'impossible to discharge them; and hence
plexion it must come at last." .but can whatever is once drawn into ths mouth must
Protestants, who have breathed the free air ; necessarily go down the throat. Even the
of our happy America, believe this ? To do muscles of deglutition seem to act indepen-
so, would be to discredit everything that has dentlv of volition, and urge the morsel along
been written and spoken by protestant Di- j by strong convulsive, peristaltie contractions,
vines, martyrs, travelers and historians, j —Boston Surgical and Medical Journal.
against the corruption, the tyranny, the un-!
paralleled cruelties and abominations of Pa-
pal Rome. If the statements in the Mississ-
v/pian be true, then are the authorities which j "13 ™"l llum u gcuucm™ num owu, j/jJuvs, and he did not traverse the imper-
Americans have consulted for religious in- j ®oun ^L. ^ a mountain, about five miles | .al „nt;i nnmnimiiratinn had
struction,, and for historic truth, unpardona- from Waldron, has exploded three times dur-
- - - - - — - 1 ing the last week. The explosions were very
A Volcano in Arkansas.
• Smith Herald, of the 16th, says:
We learn from a gentleman from
The Fort
Scott
bly, slanderously false. We meed not ask a ~ , - , i,±. x/rouyn ue u nu>3 iMu n, iiuu mc
true Protestant whom he will believe upon j oud and n. ' eausinS t^le ® • cowardly minister burst out into an explos-
this controverted point. j quake, throwing up stones and earth, and
j ion of anger: he manifested, it is said, a de-
To learn the spirit of Papacy, we need not ! hnSthe atmosphere with clouds of dust and ^ a'nd satisfaction by a hostil' rivet_
ial territories until the communication had
| taken place.
M. Drouyn de L'Huys read it, and the
* ,' j than of glory and prosperity in time of peace.
, . i , c r , ,* i.reCtn, ^ ' The navy discipline bill is one which re-
f H • P f S F* m80 quires to immediately taken in hand, and
I M ■ fg rf^ - ^ most imjirtant feature ii the
| hereon to Di. ilease, or th.s city. would authorization of drum-head court martials to
ndmate that that instmment was wri ten m ; sumwari!vpunishottucders. Whenfloggin?in
: the building, still standing,at tne south-west . .. o i ,i; l, a
' r c« i *«■ % i ^ , i toe navy was uooiishecL no eonvenicfifc eab-
corner of heventn and Marked streets.: : -4 j mi. . .
t o , t/. , oor -r* o- h tit ate was introduced. The punish ment m-
Monticello Sept. 10, 1 b26.-Dear S,r: , ^ ^ M g ^
It is not tor me to estimate die importance o. inflicted on delinquents onshore. It
must not incapacitate the sailor for duty, espe-
cially on board of merchant vessels, which in
many cases sail short-handed. The democratic
principle of submitting matters to the majority
will neither do in the army or on ship-board.
, ... , .. , . r The Austria?} Alliance—Ma. Soule
; may, perhaps, like the relics of Saints, help AT Madrid.—Halifax, Dec. 23.—The
to nourish our devotion to this holy bond of treaty of alliance concluded between England
our Union, and keep it longer alive and wann , France and Austria, binds the latter paver
1*1 aiiv an£>- 'I'r* i o a4toa^ fYlftw . lUk itii— i , * | • ■ — v. —
to declare war within one month, while Eng-
land and France are bound to guarantee her
against invasion by the Czar, and insurrec-
tion on the part of her Hungarian and Ital-
ian subjects.
Austria has called on the German States
to support her in the course she has taken,
and many of them are arming though some-
what restrained by Bussian influence.
Omer Pasha, with 40,000 Turkish"troops,
was embarking/or the Crimea.
The Spanish Chambers have dccided to
support the present dynasty.
-Mr. Soule had arrived at Madrid, and re-
sumed the duties of his mission.
jFurther Commercial Intelligence.—Cot-
ton.—Messrs. Brown, Shipley & Co., report
that the announcement of the conclusion of
the treaty with Austria had early in the week
: caused a buoyant feeling in the market for
cotton. This feeling, however, subsequently
abated, and the market closed heavy at a de-
cline of an eighth in fair qualites, and at no
change in priees for middling grades since
the Pacific. Of the sales of the week 1500
bales were to speculators, and 3000 to expor-
ters.
Breadstujjk.—Wheat, had suffered a de-
cline of a penny, and corn was unchanged in
price, with a moderate demand.
Money Markets.—The London money
market had undergone no change of impor-
tance. American stocks had slightly ad-
vanced.
j in our affections: This effect may
, portanee to circumstances, however small.—
! At the time of writing that instrument, I
lodged in the house of a Mr.-Graff, a new brick
' house, three stories high, of which I rented
| the second floor, consisting of a parlor and
| bed-room, ready furnished. In that parlor I
! wrote habitually, and iii it wrote this paper
; particularly. So far, I state from written
! proofs in my possession. The proprietor,
j Graff, wasa young man, son of a German, and
j then newly married. I think he was a brick-
i layer, and that his house was on the south
| side of Market street, probably between
Seventh and Eighth streets and if not the only
house on that part of the street, I am sure
there were few others near it. I have some
idea that it was a corner house, but no other
recollections throwing any light on the ques-
tion or worth communication, 1 will, there-
fore, only add assurances of my great respect
and esteem Tn. Jefferson.
Dr. James Mease, Philadelphia.
To learn the spirit of Papacy, we need not
go back to the dark ages of our world when
Romanism exercised undisputed sway over
the minds and consciences of men. No: in
the meridian blaze of the nineteenth century,
we have witnessed instances of secular tyran-
ny and spiritual despotism, not unworthy the
lins the atmosphere with clouds of dust and . c ,■ , .
r . n c i • sire to demand satisfaction by a hostile
smoke. The report of one of the explosions1 - , x a , J , . ,
, , . * . ■ .. e ... . £ i ins, but when Mr. boule, ready to respond
was heard in the vicinity of this town, a few . s . • i j ji • « • nr
mornings since, a distance of forty or fifty * hls w*Hp, arrived proudly m Pans, M.
! miles. The earth on the mountain has sunk . ^°^'Q I'rudently held hls .t0llSue llke hls
to a considerable depth. The people in the aJ .er", , , .
vicinity are very much alarmed. These are . I P10mls^. P05 pone e pu ica
- J ~J - - tion of the official document, the second
infamy of Leo the Tenth. But a year or the £act8> 38 far as we ar.1: able t0 1^rn,] page of whjch j have quoted to you ; but 1
two ago, in Tuscany, upon the confines of the j da^ What dSmc.iS SS have ^<1 myself from this promise in order ncwSpaFre) that the Russian Treasury docs finest in the world. Ithas a depth of water
The Ri ssian Loan.—The N. Y. Tri-
bune, speaking of the Russian loan recently
taken at St. Petersburg, by the house of
Stiegijetz, one of the most eminent bank-
ing establishments on the Continent, says:
Mr. Stieglietz took the whole amount, fit
ty millions of silver roubles, or about 835,-
000,000, in 4J per cent, stock, on his own
risk at the rate of 92. The loan already
| sells actively at 94 at St. Petersburg For-
| eign capitalists, such as the Hopes, in Am-
sterdam, the Rothschilds, in Frankfort, with
whom 3Ir. Belmont is connected, and others
have bought a large amount, and if we are
well informed, a house in Wall street, is in
1 possession of the official imperial papers con-
nected with this operation. The story told about
it is, that the loan wa3 made only to give the
lie to the assertion of French and English
Inkermann.—Inkennann or the City of
Caverns, stands on the great bay of Akbar,
and was built by the Russians about the year
1The bay was called Sebastopol by the
llussians during the reigu of Catherine II,
whence the name of the strong fort besieged
by the Allies. The great harborof Inkennann,
said to resemble that of Malta, is one of the
territory of the Holy Father, a family of de- , - . _ . .
voted Christians were arrested, arraigned, i ve a volcano in our State, be«ehing forth
tried by the judicial tribunals of the land, fire ami smoke, and hurling red hot stones into
condemned and incarcerated in the loath- th.e ^mosphere and filling the valleys around
some dungeons which the dark spirit of Pa- \ me^ed lava :
pal oppression has learned so faithfully to
construct. And for what? Answer ye
apologists and advocates of Catholic rule.—
For the heinous offence of reading the Bible,
the unadulterated word of God; for hymning
his praise in sacred verse, and for bowing in
humble adoration and prayer (with their
poor peasant neighbors,) at the mercy seat
of Heaven's hitrh King. These were the
1 Expedition for Liberia.—Arrange-
ments have been made by the Colonization
Society to send the brig Pierce from Savannah
on the SOth inst. It is expected that about
one hundred emigrants will embark, mostly
from Georgia and Tennessee.—X. O. Pica-
yune.
to render homage to the truth which the
Moniteur offends with such revolting shaine-
lessness.
Value of Fortifications.—The Boston
Courier gives a strong illustration of the im-
portance of strong defences. It says:
We trust we shall hear no more nonsense
in or out of Congress, of the inutility of ex-
pending money on forts. The Eastern war is
showing us the difficulty of reaching the
heart of a nation whose breast is well de-
fended by cannon bristling from stone walls.
It is to her mariDe fortifications that Russia
•i - manoi tne age; lor cm settlement stek^^Hhan^tf^v ^u
c sectional questions when they seemed S ^humberland county-
ssibie adjustment, called d a. high - ble andffii* X
standing the email attention he p?;" to
practice and study of law, be rose to ifte first
rank at the eminent bar of his «wn State;
^ Recent advices from Guatemala state
only charges against them, as proven by the that a manuscript, by Francisco de la Ximenes, owes her safety. Let us be protected at home
judicial records of Tuscany, copied into every a celebrated Dominican, entitled, " Ilistoria before at least we seek to be aggressive abroad,
religious paper in Christendom. This was de la Provincia de San Vicente de Chiapas y Besides, if we aspire to beccmc a naval
the guilt that bronght down upon their devo- Goathamala," has just been discovered in a power, we must have well defended ports c!'
ted beads the vengeance of these liberfy-lov- convent of that city, and that it contains most refuge for our ships-of-war. The fleet of
ing defenders and adherents of Popery—these valuable materials for the ancient history of Russia is certainly four or live times greater
neophytes, nearly baptised into the doctrine Mexicoand Central America. Father Ximen- than our whole navy, yet it would have been
of universal religious toleration. Another es was a great traveller, and vas remarkably destroyed before now but for the ramparte cf
exemplification of the spirit which still ani- well versed in the Indian language. His.
mates the heart of Romanism, is seen in the writings are highly esteemed, and the manu-1
recent expulsion of the Portugese from the script just found, aud v:hieh was known to ex-
island of Madeira, on account of sheir renun- ist, ha., loug been aouhgt after by Mexican sa-
ciation of Popery under the teachings of a vans.—Picayune.
Protestant Missionary. j
These exiles have settled in Illinois, and S®*On tiieeveniiijrof the 19th Col.Iienton
are
not enjoy any credit in Russia. It is like* Varying from 21 to 70 feet, in which the
wise stated that Mr. Takowleff, of St. Pe- bn -est vessel ean ride at a cable's length from
tersburg, one of the richest owners of mines the shore. The old town of Inkermann stood
I in the world, whose accumulated wealth alone , on the north of the harbor, but there are
amounts to some'sixty or eighty millions of scarcely any vestiges of it remaining. The
dollars, wished to take this loan with iiis pri- country surrounding Ifikcrmann isthewondtr
vaie capital; but this was refused by the °' travellers. Here is truly a city of caverns,
Emperor, in order net to give an occasion to *or l';e white rocks that overlook the bay of
misrepresentations. We give this (■t stenient Akbar (white rocks) are full of excavations
as it reaches us, without vouching for its' most extraordinary character. They
accuracy. j consist of chambers with Gothic windows cut
; °nt of the Bolid stone. Near the harbor the
| Mr. Fletcher Webster is busily ! rocks are hewn into chapels, monasteries, and
i engaged in editing two or three volumes of scpuleiires. They are considered by some
his father's correspondence, that will be pub- authorities to nave been the retreats of Christ-
lished some time next season, uniform in sise
with the works of Webster that have been
issued. A whole year and a half, has b
devoted by a competent person merely to ar-, :o perpetuate and
lans
<:
in
Cronstadt and Sebastopol.
Law Latin.—In the case of Childs for di-
vorce, Mr. Jordan for the defense made an
elaborate argument, in tiie course of which he-
undertook to quote a familiar law maxim, and
failed. in u.ro. felsus in omnium
the early ages. There are several
an antiquities i;i the neighborhood of the
n ruined tmvn, which travellers have endeavored
r.d antiquarians to restore,
sad havoce of
slxm Traveller.
| will consist mainly of such historical introdue-
! tiens as will explain the origin of iho letters of
his father and their answer,.—True Delta.
also| the laying of a comer stone of a Free
, . , , . , t , . - ^olfege at Shamokm, to be endowed with
and th , « an advocate, he had no peer in the proceeds of another coal estate: and Hke-
1^' most brilliant and eloquent wise the dedication of a coal estate for the
'orator* of the co^lry pleaded. ousider, benefit of African Colonization. The corncr
too, t&at he led the policy of the country in . stone of the college will be laid to-dav bv
i-very rceoar.re from Madia?", indeed, Gov. Bigler.< X. O. Bulletin,
mar
Important Causes.—Two of the most
important eases that have ever been adjudi-
cate 1 in oar courts were decidcd on Friday
by Judge Ingersoll. One relates to the
steamer Alps, now a transport of the British
Government at the East. She was seized for
smuggling, and bonded for $75,000—E.
Ounard and Samuel Nicholson being the sure-
tie?. The charge was sustained, and the
1 to establish the fact that Protestantism in very iudignant because one of the papers pub-
every Catholic country labors under the most listied on the previous morning'what purpo - i A Guou Speculation.—Gen. Zoliikofi'er
humiliating disability ; in most of them these 1 ted to be the lcetuie he would deliver in the the member of Congress from Nashville, sold
disabilities amount to an entire denial of their j evening, it was only arc-hash of one he . thirty-one town lots in the suburbs of that city
! religious opinion and practice. In many j had delivered in Baltimore, and the Colonel i lately at $28,000 per acre. Four years ago
, places Protestant ministers cannot legally i pronounced it "a dirty trick."—X. O. Crescent i he bought the same Iftttd at 8760 per acre.
Tiie C'iief Grain Port oj tp.e World.
\'le 9k'cs o Press says thai i through i i-
1 vestigatiou establishes the supremacy of
(liieago as a grain port over all other norts of
the world. According to it., calculation th_
j grain exports of Chicago exceed tiwMO of -tev.r vesiel, therefore, declared forfeited to the
• York by 4,296,393 bushels, those of St. Loui-< United States. The other case was that of
1 by more than two hundred aud fifty per cent., the steamer Washington, of the Bremen line,
those of Milwaukee nearly four hundred per also seised for smuggling. She was bonded
cent. Turning to the great granaries of Eu- for 580,000—Shepherd Knapp and Christian
lope, Chicago nearly doubles St. Peteisburgh, j R. Sand sureties. In this instance the libel
laud exceeds Galatz and Ibraila cotnbiued 5,-1 was sustained in its principal points.—X. Y.
■ 40(3,727 bushel*.—A. O. Crescent ' Htrold

Ford, John S. The Texas State Times (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 6, Ed. 1 Saturday, January 13, 1855. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth235742/. Accessed April 1, 2015.