The Texas State Times (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 11, Ed. 1 Saturday, February 17, 1855

fv *
French Officers.
We make the following extract from a
letter from an American gentleman
Foreign Sews.
Halifax, January BO.
From tbe Seat of war.
The reports from the Crimea present noth-
i n Constantinople:
" I have pretty good opportunity of com-
^°far as they indicate slow progress in the
p* g$ from Marseilles I talked a gre course already known to be in prosecution.
^ with the French officers. The two armies . couree jure<«ij v ,J
iije very different. French officers are re- j
gularly educated j they most serve so long in
the pehool before getting a commission, and
know their duty at oncc. English
officers, you know, buy their commissions
- end learn their duties after they enter the ^ ^ ^ ^ ^
ing new of interest or importance except in
previous accounts of there bein
c-rert suffering from sickness among the
Allies, are repeated. Those just arriving
are said to be particularly heavily afflic-
The Russians continue to make nightly sor-
Signing of tbe Sardinian Treaty, j
; The treaty by which Sardinia engages to •
; furnish the Allies with a contingent of 18,- •
. 000 troops, was signed on the 10th ult.
Austrian Cabinet.
The Minister of Finance, of the Government ■
of His Majesty Francis Joseph, has re-1
signed. The causes of his retirement are not j
positively known. It is stated that he is to be 1
succeeded by Baron Bruck, and this, in the j
best informed circles, is generally believed to ;
be very probable. j
Public Spirit.
i Tho Lockhart Clarion complains of the
want of public spirit in that place. In enn-
Executf on of Gen. Horan.
A correspondent of the N. Y. Journal of
Commerce, who writes from C&llao, under
Tbe Production of Cotton.
Cotton constitutes, by far, the largest ar-
is a great
other pro- j merat;n„ the results of the want of " una- dat0 of 10 th December, gives the following
11-11 .1 > . , • are reaP" : nimitv and concert of action " the f.larwm • :-coount of the execution of Gen. Moran. the
ed Chiefly by Others than the producers. n.m.ty and concert ot action the Clarion , commaBder of the Government
In 182t the cotton crop of the United • saJs: troops:
States was only worth about twenty millions j "In our village ('though we blush to say j «• where Moran had ensconced
A Desperate Affray.
The California papers give au account of 3
mony. It is as follows:
I'lacervir.le, Dec. 2 p. m.
The Mountain Democrat extra, says: "We
fe -eived the following startling intelligence of dollars. .Now. it amounts to over one I so) there is not a single church or edifice, j himself was surrounded by an infuriated
last night after our paper had been worked off. j hundred and fifteen millions of dollars. | tor school purposes, capable of accommoda- populace, who dra«< ed him forth conducted
Rocky Canon, the place of the tradegy, is a j Estimating the crop at. over three millions j ting a Seminary of learning, commensurate j him to the city, degraded him and shot him
deep and almost inaccessible canon, about for- j of bales, and allowing two acres to the bale, j to the wants of this community as it is, much : in the public square thus sending him before
ty miles north or this place, near'food's Val- j gives over six millions of acres of land in ' less preparations for those who may desire to I his Maker covered 'with his crones which
fix their abode with us.
f essels Captured. j j0y anj uninhabited. j cotton cultivation. One hand will, at a very
A rumor, which was generally believed to j •> Rocky Canon, Dec. 20.— No officer hav- j moderate calculation, culti vate eight acres,
have proceeded from an authentic source^was . jny. keen within a convenient distance to at- showihg the aggregate force, engaged in the
. FrenA ofl^r u«w jhe A-lliea, with some loss of life. , . . .—,
Jr-renea caM esprit; be 13 brave, ami ne . ^ gct to ^ assauU wben it is to being circulated to the effect that two llus-. teud to a ca;je 0f emergency that has just! cultivation of cotton,
5TC*3 *fU j JT/iiL ! be made, or if it is to be maid at all, there is Slan frigates of war had been captured in the ; happened near out isolated cauip here, the and fifty thousand laborci
MsW.. tinglish^ officer , ... . j nothin" whatever stated. j Indian waters, by some of the Allied naval j undersigned constituted themselves a coro-' It is estimated, that i
cuss; he tells you his opinion, and that is
enough I But as for brairery/tbe Crimea has
proved that in them. Mark the difference,
however. The French spoke with becoming
seriousness of the hocribleslaughter at Alma,
wltile-ahe English took it as a matter of course,
sad say it is necessary to get accustomed to
The Turkish troops of Omer Pacha's com- : f°rces in that quarto:
mand, were arriving in considerable num-
Provisions are reported to be very scarce, the overland
Tbe Propositions.
The new propositions and course of the
Czar are very generally viewed with distrust,
: although fears were entertained by some
an outbreak, under Russian influence
instigation, was to be expected before
What a cry wQl be heard in England ! j and it is believed that he is only feeling the \ lonS- . .. . , ,
Hsddv a- noble family that trill not mourn ' temper of the Allies, and at the same time ! In the meantime, there is very e in e -
some mombeir. Yes, the English officers did endeavoring to gain time. j ^e of general interest, from any part of
_ ^ K J* eArSibay, an earthquake had bee,
The French and Engush Minister., had ;enced bJu't happily the alarm it cre-
been authorized to re-open negotiations with n^wn, „,n'lost. ;f „uite. its worst ef-
fcght bravely, and the soldiers too; but their
Ira has been much more than the French,
iod I wilf tell yo^jKhy- When we were at
Boulogne, the whota^|«icli infant^ marched
past us on the road; their fnarch was very
deanitary, with very little orcter. They were
all laughing, chatting, or singing. On the
field I found that a column of infantry mov-
ing on to the attack moved on in the same
manner; they were all together, but in any-
thing but a straight line; thej went straight
fcfrward to their work, without stopping to
parade. New this is entirely the reverse
with English troops. They always march as
if they were toeing a mark,, and in making a
charge in , column they dress front as regular
as if oa a parade. I am told this difference
exists always, and each party goes into battle
the difference in
the Russian Minister at Vienna.
Austria and Prussia.
Austria is reported, on the one hand, to
have declined to enter into an offensive alli-
ance with England and France in the present
war with Russia, until they state precisely
the nature of their demands upon the last
named country. _
On the other hand, Count Buol, the
Austrian Minister, is represented to have de-
clared tfilt Austria will at oncc procecd to
take an active part in hostilities on the side
of the Allies.
Prussia professes to have full faith in the
peaceful intentions of the Czar, and has ac-
cused Austria of having overstepped the stip-
were numerous, without srrautiug him time
Now what are the facts as regards public ; for repentance. This must have been a hor-
buildings here ? Three churches are in pro- j rible sight—an infuriated populace reeking
-n hundred I cess of erection, two of which were com- j in blood, leading out to execution "
• raenced nearly twelve
nine cotton | judging from the pro:rres
„ , 'f:n]y forty niU- j it will bc.yet twelve '(and perhaps much long- j struggle for independence—his "being" one^f
ceased bodies of twelve men that were killed j lions of acres oi cotton lands yet uneultiva- | er) before either is completed. This amounts ; the conquerors in the celebrated and decisive
within a mile of our camp, on the 10th inst., j ted, which, in the same ratio, would produce ; to a failure. If cot au absolute failure, it j battles of Juhin and Ayacucho which ended
twenty millions of bales ol cotton, worth at j so closely approximates it as to shake the j the war with the mother country, his having
— been a resident of that city for thirty years,
to be se\
in the
ner's jury, and held an inquest over the de- growing States, there
to the latest intelligence by
mail, India remained quiet, ! a full account of which, we deem it our duty
to publish. Three of the undersigned were : present prices, about nine hundred millions i confidence, worry the patience, relax the en-
eye witnesses to the whole scene, though too j of dollars, to which add the present crop ! crgies. and beget carelessness and apathy,
far off to give aid in any way. On yestcr-' and we have the enormous tutu of over a
day, 19th inst., three men, who afterwards } thousand millions of' dollars—an araount so
provc-d to be a Mr. James C. McDonald, of; vast that the mind is puzzled at its greatness,
Alabama, now deceased, Dr. Bolivar A. Sparks | while we vainly attempt to conjure up an
of Mississippi, and Capt. Jonathan Ii. Davis, idea of the shipping, the spindles, the looms
of South Carolina, were traveling on foot on i and machinery, which the staple would
a trail within a mile of our camp, to prospect bring into use, or the ntmiberof backs which
a vein of gold-bearing quartz, some twenty ; the manufactured fabric would cover.
, , * , _ -- a defender
lve months since, and i ot the national independence. He begged
gress they have made, j hard for his life; set forth his services in the
j W e are not blaming any person for this dis-
| appointment, for we are satisfied that the un-
| dertakers of these buildings have used every
effort for their erection and completion; but
we say they all committed an error in the
ated was almost, if not quite,
Cbina. . -
The overland mail brings the announce-
ment that the rebels maintained possession of
Washington, Jan. 30.—The President
has peremptorily dismissed Lieutenant " Al-
or thirty miles north of this place.
As they were passing the base of a moun-
tain, three of the undersigned beir.<r out on a
It may seem an idle calculation—like
building castlcs in the air—to estimate the
worth of the cotton that the Southern States
where his wife and two daughters then lived,
and finally offered §100,000 to the citizens.
All ot his overtures were rejected, the anx-
ious intercession of Mr. Elias, and Prefect
of that Department, were disregarded, and
ihey were threatened with the public ven-
outsct—one which we fear will prove disas- geauce if they attempted to prevent the exe-
trous to the best interests of our town.— j cution, which was consummated; after which
That they engaged in the enterprise without J the citizens retired to tneir homes in perfect
hunting expedition on it3 side, saw a party of j can produce, especially when we are frequent-
men who were concealed in the bushes near ! ly told that the supply is even now in excess
the trail, spring up and commence firing at j of the demand. But, judging the future by
them. Mr. McDonald fell dead. He was ! the past, narrow estimates and contracted no-
^ shot before he was even aware of his danger, j tions are set aside. The cotton crop has
i ,, rj - - | He and his party had nothing but their re- ; multiplied six times in value, and we do not
varado" Hunter from the naval service, for volvere AIt !u i...„ L
insubordination in bringing home the ship
Bainbridge from Brazil, without orders.
British Interference.
It is stated here that the British Govern-
ment has issued orders for the squadron in
the Carribean Sea, not to allow of the landing
jnstso. Jtut what makes
K*68 k S/jI C°?m„^he°8WaCnP] i u'ati°ns the convention into which they j 0f the Kinney expedition, or anv similar
Xv? stop t! Bio* I"; "terca ia refereu,!e to theit th°ft?™11"* u,":cd °° ,b°
doubtedly that of endeavoring to prevent
Austria from entering into open hostilities
against Russia.
at? or well
'.'■1 ii t?
r«>i is
up, bat keep right on, leaning the space va
cui b; their comrades open, so that there is
a greater cfcance of escape at the next dis-
The d ifferenoe between ear regular troops
and vtjfnnteers when engaged, is pretty much
the same as between the English and the
French. The Texians in particular, charge
pell mell. They fall to the earth to avoid
the effects of artillery—-rise and rush forward
again. Not many orders are given, but no
troops obey orders more promptly than those
of Xftxas, when in danger or under fire. In
icans, we frequeat-
owing to the
absence of correct
massive columns,
trivial, because the
ay was rendered, in a de-
r a charge much depends
ivered with headlong im-
! is then no time for the ar-
i to jjeol. 'laSie :
them and calculate the dan-
Let a halt be made to fill
t; japs ranks aad all the excitement,
-tJwJTarr.r are lost. The soldier feels that he
< citecseJ in his career. . He often attributes
this'- to i lack of decision, knowledge or
^urage^B hie officers and can but conclude
the advarie^SS Me against him, else the ne-
cessity of a reorganization of the line or col-
umn of attack would not exist. In tbe ter-
rible charge at Wagram, if McDonald had
faltered a moment longer, all would have
been lest. He paused but a moment to look
behind his, bat that pause filled the French
with fearful apprehensions. Though not en-
tirely appropriate, we can not refrain extract-
ing a portion of Headley's account of this
unparalleled charge:
" But now lie halts and casts his eye over
his .little surviving band that stands all alone
in the midst of the enemy. He looks back
on his path, and as far as the eye can reach,
he sews the course of his heroes by the black
swath of dead men that stretches like a huge
serpent over the plain Ont of the sixteen
tkoMsatui men aiitk which he started but fif-
teen hundred are left beside him. Ten out
of eeery elivenitave fallen, and here at length
.the tired hero pauses, and surveys with a
stern and anxions eye his few remaining fol-
lowers. The heart of Napoleon" stops beat-
ing at the sight, and well it may, for his
,ihroi>e is where Macdonald stands. He
bear£ the empire on his single brave heart—
he is the Empire. Shall he turn at last, and
sound the retreat ? The fate of nations
wavers to and fro, for, like a speck in the dis-
tance, seen still to pause, while
the cannon are piling the dead in heaps
around him. " Will he turn and fiy ? is the
secret aud agonizing question Napoleon puts
to himself. No! he is worthy «f the mighty
trust committed to him. The empire stands
or falls with him, but shall stand while he
stands. Leaking away where his Emperor
aits, he sees the dark masses of the Old
Guaxd in motion, and the shining helmets of
. the brave cuirassiers sweeping to his relief.
" Forward," breaks from his iron lips. The
froll of drums and the pealing of trumpets
answe^he volley that smites that exhausted
column, and the next moment it is seen
piercing the Austrian centre. The day is
won—the Empire saved—and the whole
Austrian army is in full retreat.
Such was the battle of Wagram, and such
the charge of Macdonald. I know of nothing
eqaai to it, except Ney's charge at Waterloo,
and that was not equal, because it failed."
Prussia is also making strenuous efforts to
In the Senate, to-day, the Army Appro-
priation Bill was discusscd.
In the House, Mr. Houston gave notice
induce the Allies to consent to the proposed j £?*he °n Tuc„sda-V noon' take UP the
armistice in which Russia and Austria aid bill to modify the tariff.
jier lerritonal business was then discussed.
In the course of the day a violent alterca-
tion took place between Mr. E. Walder Far-
A congress of nations, in which America
is to be invited to- take part, for the purpose
— cad, has
upon any apparent
Mr. Sparkt shot twice at the ban-! know how many times
(ft^i, and then fell severely wounded. In the j thirty years. Had .any one, in 1S2
meantime, Capt. Davis, who was the first to j dieted this result, he would have been
commence shooting in defence of himself and sidered even more visionary than we
party, in an instant after the first volley of
the robbers, being still under, kept up an in-
cessant fire upon them with his revolver, eve-
in quantity, within
one, in 1S25, pre-
would esteem him who should say, that half
a century hencc wo shall produce six times as
much cotton as we do now. Yet, thirty years
of endeavoring to effect the same
been talked of, but not
Sardiiia is reported to have promised to
furnish an army of 18,000 men to aid the
Allies. _i.
r; Sweden. ,
It is nmiored that an army * being got | settjcd. |
reaay u Sweden, tor the purpose of being en- ; W^:micSDXY< jaJn 31._In the Senate, to-
gaged in the war. | day, some very sharp personalities took pkee ;
German fi: rce Cities. j between Senator Wm. 0. Dawson, from j
The Senates of Hamburg ao^Lnbe-ck have Georgia, and Senator John M. Clay tan, from ;
both forbidden any foroigii taUstnifciit in the-r 1 Delaware, in the course of discussion upon j
territories. i the French Spoliation bill. Thi-} bill was;
~ " "
ry ball forcing its victim to bite the dust un- j is within the recollection of very many per-
til all the loads of both parties seemed to have i sons now living, although, in the history of
been discharged. The surviving robbers J a young and flourishing country—during an
made an .attack upon Capt. Davis with bowie- jage of progress and discoveries—it is-a pret-
knives, and one with a short sword or sabre, ty long period, and crcatcs vast changes.
Capt. Davis stood his ground firmly until they j Of all the cotton producing States, Texas
rushed up abreast of him, within four steps, j is the largest. One fiftieth part, only, of her ;
He then made a springupon them with a large I cotton lands is now in cultivation. She has
bowie knife; gave three of them wounds that i over ten millions of acres, capable of produ-
proved fatal. Having wounded the other one |cing more than five millions of bales of cot-
very slightly, and disarmed him by throwing i ton, or, probably, twice as much as is now
his kniib in the air in warding off a blow: as ! produced irf all the cotton growing States to-
ley, member from the Third District in the tthis !asfc man expressed in a tone of gratitude ] gether, for which, she would require a million
State of Maine, and Mr. Lane. [Our dos-1 beforo h,s death' CaPt- D- wcnt to work at | and a half of laborers.
patch does not state whether this was Mr. i °"c<; tearing up his own-shirt and binding up ! In the article of cotton, which by its ex-
James H. Lane from the Fourth District of j a11 tiic woundsof the living, of both his friends j tent has added to the wealth and greatness
calculating the cost and sufficiently satisfy
ing themselves of their ability, and the con
sequences of a failure ? That there was a
total want of unanimity and concert of ac-
New York and the Si^ave Trade.—
Under this heading the Albany Evening
Journal has an article giving a summary of
the evidence so far received in the ease of
Blanco, charged with fitting out the bark
Millaudon, at New York, for the African
slave trade, which, at last accounts, was be-
fore U. S. Commissioner Morton, in that
city. We foolishly expected to find in the
article some indignant denunciation of the
piratical traffic and all concerned in it. In
this we erred. The Journal's article con-
cludes with the following paragraph :
'•There is no doubt that vessels are every
year, if not every month, fitted out for this pi-
ratical traffic from New Vork. Present events
have called the attention cf the authorities to
some of them. But how many more escape
detection can only be conjectured."
Mark you—the paper which asserts coolly
that " there is no doubt that vessels are eve-
ry year, if not every month, fitted out for
this piratical traffic from New York" has
not one word of condemnation of those who
amass wealth by their participation in the
"piratical traffic." Oh no! The Journal
reserves its denunciations to hurl them, with
A Wild Man Caught in Maine.—A
Mr. J. W. McHenri, who lives near Wald-
oboro, Maine, has actually captured a wild
man. On first seeing him, Sir. McHenri
'•Ihe little fellow turned a most imploring
look upon me, and then uttered a sharp,
shrill shriek, resembling the whistle of an
engine. I took him to my house and tried
to induce him to eat meat, "but failed in the
attempt; I then offered him some water, of
which he drank a small quantity. I next
gave him some dried beach nuts," which he
cracked and ate readily. He is of the male
species, about eighteen inches in height, and
hi3 limbs are in perfect proportion. With
the exception of his face, hands and feet, he
is covered with hair of a jet black hue. Who^
ever may wish to see this strange specimen
of human nature, can gratify their curiosity
by calling at my house, in the eastern part of
Waldoboro,' near the Townbridge Tavern. I
give these facts to the public to see if there ia
one who can account for this wonderful phe-
A conference has been opened for the pur- i&iul donbtless pass. ,
pose ef settling the difficulties between Aufe- j 'the House set ia Committee of tho
tria and Switzerland. Iou territorioi biiis.
Kodinotiii to akLdo t ' A
treaty of April last, but not by that of De- i Senor Molina, the Minister from Costa J
cember. ! Riea, died here to-day. His disc-ease was ■
Tbe French Loas. ! caused by a pulmonary complaint, from .
The subscriptions to the French loan ; which he had been suffering fur seme time
both in England and^Franee had been very i Congressional.
laws by which they were governed. : tion.— Gal. Ncv.
Tbe last of this baud hsz' just died. His!
wounds, he thought himself, were but slight, j The Pacific Railroad Question—Mr.
and seemed in a fair way to recover until the | Benton delivered one of bis spiciest efforts
last hour, and corroborated all the evidence ' yesterday. By long odds, the tartest speech
proven by the papers iu his poeket-. Signed
Ly W. C. Thompson and tiftecu others.
A rjnihflr hiltcr. dated lyjckv (Jaitf-
rfe Vr" nd,:lSOT.
, „
"Quite an exciting scene happened yester-
day, within a mile of our Cent. While two et
jr.y partners and myself were hunting ove*
the hills, we heard the report" of guns below
us, and saw two
he has made in the House. Indeed, it is the
only one of his frequent efforts cw a icpre.-x.-fi-
tuiiv*. which is in the slightest degree, wor-
U;y of ' ~
ju5 ran5er"g?555rnsri nuner i -tt
for the effect of thi3 adroit argument,
et&er people have memories as well as the
giillant and impetuaus Colonel though that
other inaa docs not live who is as fond as him-
self of rehearsing before the public the tricm-
aall parties shooting at each iory of other times and men. In this ease,
New York, Feb. 1.—The mails received
by the Africa leave this for the South to-mor-
row morning.
Tbe Crimea.
The riflemen of the Allied army, accord-
ing to the latest official accounts, had driven
tbe Russians from Camara, near Balaklava,
with very heavy loss.
Tbe H ounded and Sick.
The mortality among the wounded and
sick in the hospitals at Scutari, is represen-
ted as frightful.
Arrangements are being made to remove
the sick to England, where it was hoped, they
would reeeive attention.
State of tbe army.
The London Times gives a deplorable pic-
ture of the army in the Crimea. It states
that the . force at the commencement of Jan-
uary numbered, only 14,000 bayonets and that
the cavalry was almost if not quite annihila- j
ted. !
The nnmber of dying and disabled, accord-
ing to the same authority, averaged 1,000 per
The Times plainly states that unless some
sneedy a.nd fortunate stroke be executed, j
the entire English army in the Crimea would
be lost.
Austria has explicitly declared that she is
sincerely desirous of carrying out the pacific
declarations which she has expressed.
She announces, also, that she will not
bring any question of the mobilization of her
forces before the Diet,.as she does not consid-
er it necessary to do so in the present state
of affairs.
Among other late measures which she has
taken, one is considered to bear peculiar sig-
nificance. It is the abolition of the punish-
ment of death in the army.
The latest advices from Berlin represent
that Austria and Russia have entered into
some unpublished agreement with respcct to
the freedom of the navigation of the l>anube
and theabrogation of the llnssian protectorate
over the Principalities.
The latest accounts from England state that
Banaway Slaves. on Saturday, tbe 20th, the funds had further
There is always a great deal of expense, ; declined.
' j. iW f | India, China. &c.
truu e an a en ing thjp recovery o a , fjlt! overl:«n<3 mail, which had arrived pre-
runaway slave.' Owners sometimes lose their ; viotLS to thc (]epartUre of the Africa, brings
j intelligence of a general dulluess in busi-
At Canton, in consequence of the cap-
ture of a large portion of the Imperial squad-
ron by the rebel forces, quite a panic pre-
Still Later.
New York, Feb. 2.—The Paris Moniteur
contains reports and articles, which, from
their semi-official character, fully confirm the
other. Being .satisfied they were all stran-
gers, we hesitated for a moment before we
ventured to go down. A feeling of duty,
Washington, Feb. 1.—In the however, prompted us to hasten down to them,
day, Mr. Seward reported a bill to establish a j On approaching wa saw two persons fall—
mail from the Mississippi to San Francisco, i (these persons were of a little party of three
It was ordered to be printed. | whom we had observed half an hour previous
A motion to take up the French Spoliation j quietly
bill was negatived. | ing one
The Army Appropriation bill was diS- \ the m
cussed. ■ distinguish
In the House, the bill authorising the fighting bravely for his life. Approaching
Mr. McDougai, who replied to him, success-
fully combatted every point the Colonel essay-
ed ta-make with so much shrewdness, by sim-
ply.quoting from the record on each point,
Beaton of former days versus Benton of yes-
terday. He had answered himself years ago,
The Cost of Coffee.—About twelve or
fourteen years ago there was singular creatare
about Gonzales known as 'XOaffte lB." from
bis habit of indulging in that beverage to ex-
cess. Coffee, too, was a great bore, and with-
al a decided intruder in the family circle—
and a frequent, though unwelcome visitor.—
Up must always h^ve his coffee before break-
f lit—that indispensable. He acciden-
. j tally learned that a lady near town, Mrs.
| fanatical confreres, slave stealing is coin- j by name, was the best coffee maker in the
| mendab'e. it' slave stealing, is commend-i county : of course he must visit the family.
• able, then why not the traffic in slaves on ; Off he went and stopped over night Weath-
| the African coast ? Surely im buy is com- i er hot—family slept late—" Coffee" became
i mendable, if to steal is. How, then, can we ! thirsty, went into the kitehc-n. struck a bla-
! expect the Abolitionists to condemn •• th- j zing fire, and placed Mrs. G.'s bright pot in
| piratical trafiio ?" ft is unreasonable. Mw j tho blaze. (Now, Mrs. (I. was tidy and kept
larre. nftff .!>=♦• .thiafe "£ * > engaged in ; Weld not to boil in. - ,id the bright one for
T7- the piratical traffic are tue bettor men ot j tboTSDle.y' :«we • «ori" maae the
the two. They rescue the negro from all the ■ pot as black as tbe ace of spades. About the
| ills of savage life, aud bring him to a state ! time the gentlemanly guest was ready to hn-
! of comparative comfort. The Northern Abo- j bibe the delightful liquid, Mrs. G. "enured
| iitionists, who profess such unbounded love , the kitchen to prepare breakfast. Her sweet
j for "the poor slave," steal him from his com- j eyes first glanced at Coffee, then at her now
j fortable home ia the South, and leave him i blackened pot. Jeems was looking throng a'
'—*• said Jeems—"you
to starve in the cold, inhospitable North.—
Ye hypocrites !—iV". O. Pic.
Russian Hospitals at Simferopol.
The Mobile Tribune lias a private letter
establishing of a telegraphic line from the
Missouri' or Mississippi to the Pacific, was
A Deaib.
Mr. Stephen Pleasanton, Fifth Auditor of
the Treasurer, died here to-day.
Sew York Election for Senator.
The election for U. S. Senator in New York .
is the most important of any now on hand.— however, marked for life, haying lost his nose
still nearer, we were surprised by the sight of
eleven men lying stretched on the ground,
seven of them dead, (belonging, as they af-
terwards proved, to a party of robbers.) aLd
one only of the party of three so suddenly
fired upon from the bushes by robbers.
Three of thc wounded robbers having died ; proved that
last night we had ten of them to bury-. One
survives, who will probably recover; ho is,
aud the infinite amusement of every one else
in the Hall. The Colonel does not only think
window at the uiomeut:
had orter seen her—says Coffee, says he,
good mornin' to ye, Mrs. G. I seed she was
a bilin' up fast before, but when the feller
spoke to 'er, she biled right over—she did.
Sed she, git out o' my kitohen, you low-lifed,
««' she spoke, she riz the
As he turned the
lifted his two-story
parpendic'lar. Coffee
spread for the fence and she close arter 'im.
As he closcd on the fence, he made an at-
tempt to cross it like an old buck, at a single
leap; but he measured distance badly. He
jumped plenty high—but he didn't go far
Mr. Seward and his friends are putting out all
energies to secure his re-election. On this head
the N. Y. Heralifhas the following:
The question of the re-election of the arch-
agitator is a test question in several important
aspects, ft is a test between the popular sen-
timents of loyalty to the Constitution and the
j Union, and the new and seditious anti-slavery
j league for sectional agitation and disunion—it
is a test between the conservative Webster
and Fillmore whigs of the State, and the whip-
pers in of Seward: it is a test between the
national democrats and the administration
trading free soilers • and last, thought not least,
it is a test between the new American national
party called the Know Nothings, and Seward
aud his Northern anti-slavery league, and his
sectional aud disunion programme for tbe
The brunt of the battle devolves upon the
Know Nothings. The issue is of greater impor-
tance to them than have been the results of all
the recent elections put together. These were
but the preliminary skirmishes, establishing no
very deiinite facts, except tiie workings of a
great popular revolu'ion, seeking a vent through
in toto, and the forefinger of his right hand.
Thc surviving one, who seems to be but little
hurt, says that their band was composed of
two Americans,,five Sydney men. and four
Mexicans; and had just commenced opera-
tions. having killed six Chinamen three days
ago, and four Americans on the day before
yesterday. Although we counted twenty-
eight bullet holes through Capt. Davis' hat
and clothes, (seventeen through his hat and
eleven through his coat and shirt,) he re-
ceived two very slight flesh woundsr
Yours truly, John Webster.
To W. Henderson, County Surveyor, Pla-
The writer says: -
| Simferopol is one vast hospital.
that his schemc is the best imaginable for the j house has its quota, and the number of wound-
public interest, but (aotio voce) with a wink, J e:l now amounts to 7,000. We are all placed i
a nod, and a lcerin the "lug" of some folks J and have our sections. Dr King has the
that "fortunes in it, sir—fortunes in it."— j Krf'ish I?rls?nc.r\ Dr; Ioil ';as.t uee ! nough b? about six inches, more or less, for
mL f , . i | . | | in (he principal hospital, anu I have three i you sec, said Jeeuies. there was a Inner
fhc fact, that experience has so conclusively j hoU3CS luilde;
my charge. Drs. Draper and - ~ ' was a ong
hat that there were " fortunes in JTurnipseed have gone to Sevastopol. I have
more than one scheme or measure which the ] examined all the hospitals, and can judge oi
gallant Colonel has taken occasion to fasten i their condition. To tell the truth, they are
on the Government, while vehemently preach- in a wretched state. Many are without phy-
----- sicians, and those that, have physicians are
Hon. Ward W. Izard, the new Gov-
ernor of Nebrarka, has twice been president
of tbe Arkansas Senate, once speaker of thc
House of Representatives of that State, where
he has resided for twenty-four years, lie is
a native of Kentucky, and said to be a fine
specimen of a pioneer, being over six feet iu
height.—Ifousion Telegraph.
ing his own sole devotion to the public inter-
est, will be sufficiently operative upon the
mind of Congress, we presume to continue'
as of late years, to kill any Ucnton-proper po-
sition whatever, that he may bring forward.
Washington (7). C.) Star.
Protection to Our Commerce on the
China Seas.—The President of the United
States in a letter of the 9th inst., to Walker
R. Jones, Esq., President of the New York
Board of Underwriters, says: "Your letter
of the lGth inst. has just been received, and
the extract of your China correspondent read
with interest. A naval force deemed to be
adequate to the protection of our commerce
will be continued in the China Sea.— True
for the most part without servants and med-
icines: but the people say it is because so
many were not expected. The fact is the,
chiefs have thc will and the desire, but
wanting system, they do not know how to
l'eragoff, tho god-head of surgery in Russia,
is now here and looking into matters. I hope
his visit may produce some amelioration. He
sharp jag of a limb kind o' stickin'
' out o' the top rail, and as Coffee commenced
| oomin' down, the jag giu 'im a fire in the
' rar, it did, an' there he stuck: then he hol-
lered. . He sort o' looked implorin' round at
Mrs. G., but seein Mr. G. comin' up with
one o' these old-fashioned bull dog pistols,
he gin another yell an' a kick an' busted loose.
He hid out in the bottom an' gat a nigger to
bring him a coat an' pantaloons from town,
on next day I hearn of him thirty-five miles
on the La Grange road. Mr. G.," said Jeems,
'•laughed, he did, next day, because Mrs. G.
told me to-day, that he was daily expecting • got marchandisc 'nough off that ar jag on the
Sisters of Charity from St. Petersburg to nurse rail, to make her little boy a suit o' clothes,
the sick. As nearly all the private dwelling ani, AIr a always called it little Tom's cof-
lized partiesof the day. True, the Know Notli- j
ings in Pennsylvania, Ohio. Indiana, Michigan I
and elsewhere, have effectually "crashed out" i j - from a swln„,ng rope,
the Cabinet spoils party u; the North—true, I , , . . ® jd r
that in Massachusetts, am! to some extent also, ! «*>out thirty feet, and struck
Accident.—J. N. Saens, one of the slack
rope dancers attached to the Mexican Compa-
ny, fell, on Monday night last, with great vio-
swinainE rope, a distance of
a bench and
An odd excitement is said to have oc-
cuarcd lately in the harbor of Montevideo, in
consequence of the commander of the United
States sloop-of-war Bainbridge calling his
crew to quarte-s at midnight aud firing a sa-
lute, merely to exercise them. The authori-
ties ashore, unable to comprehend the cause
of this, thought a revolution had broken out,
and accordingly the Brazilian troops were
marched into the c^ty, the local troops called
out, the guns of the fort double shotted and
iu our late New York elections, this new Ameri- j was considerably injured.—Hons. Telegraph.
can organization have demonstrated their hos-1 TnE Same Fault.—Laura was diconso- I manned,"&c. When Capt. Hunter of the
rSSSi ! ^ Hen^ W* lo^g n^ put j Bainbridge, heard of this, he addressed a
shape and form ; but here, upon this question j the question. Henry went his way. Lauras
of Seward's re-election, the'Know Nothings are j aunt, for consolation
spaniel pup. " My
rly all the pnv
are now hospitals. I . presume that most of the
families have left town, but many still remain
who lavish every care upon the poor wounded.
Among tiiose is a certain Mr. Salvini—a
Prussian—who, together with his wife, a
charming little English lady, has done enough
to deserve a dozen medals from the Em-
Simferopol is decidedly a Tarter town,
only, a small portion of it being Russian. All
the Turkish customs among the Tartars are
and Mr. G.
fee suit, he did."—Galveston Civilian.
Selling Indians.—The Havana corres-
pondent of the N. O. True Delta says :
We have another cargo of slaves from Yu-
catan, sold for this market by tbe President
of the Republic of Mexico, to the commer-
cial house of Goicouria & Brother, delivered
a few days since by thc Mexican schooner
enforced here, even to veiling he faces of j Anita, one hundred and five in number,
the females when they go out, and walling i whiCh, I presume, will be covered from in-
up their dwellings from the public gaze.- j Testigation>y Genera] Conch?) with fraudu-
lent contracts, filled up and signed for each
_ from the
Here also, the Turkish priests call the faithtu!
to pray at 12 o'clock from their minarets.
What is a Mime RirLE.—The Cleveland
Herald answers this question^as follows;
The barrel of a r'fle has, running the length
of its inner snrface, spiral grooves or channels—
hence the name of rifle, which means a riflad
The object of a rifled barrel
naiiiunugtt, hubiu ui iuio, .. or grooved 0un. w
i .i,^ pnTTir^mcr I is to j ive sireater precision to the bs.ll, by com-
eourteous note to the Government, expressing j - (o i( a'ro|;lry mofioll. This ,tlo,ion
brought to a distinct, definite, and direct issue J
of victory or defeat, with the arch-agitator hiui- i
Hence this mustering of the reserves on both
property because sufficient publicity is not
given to the fact of his arrest and confine-
ment. Many negroes are lost by escaping
from jail, and in various other ways. A
bill has been introduced into the Senate of
Louisiana for the purpose o£ giving better
security to negro property while absconding
from owners.
sides—hence the pipe laying of Weed and his
j assistar.tsat Albany—hence this spurious Know
I Nothing Seward convention at Schenectady—
hence this protracted sojourn of Seward at the
. I
" the puppy can do
"Why will you agonize me?" said Liura, !friendly nature. Thc Miuister
"thats thc only fault I found with the other." J Affairs mad a suitable reply, and :
Boston Courier.— 'ended.—Aorth American.
"The bill provides that runaway slaves . , „ , , ,
when taken shall be committed to jail and reports of the Russians having recrossed the
advertised, as is now required by law, in the i ®a°ub?' ?nd recommenced operations m the
parish where taken. At* the expiration 0f Dobrudscha. It appears, however equally
the advertisement, the slave is to be sent to I w®1! pertained that they returned to Ismail,
this general depot, there to remain for one jafter ha,vlnS exceeded in their attacks on
year,' At the end of the year, if not re-' tw2,.or ™.e Polnts- . . .
claimed, he is to be transferred to the inter- L^be, object of the incursion into the
nal improvement department of the State— I °brudsCha is well understood to be that of
The keeper of the depot is required, on de- \ P^ enting or at least, of delaying the de- ^ (
livering the slave to that department, to de-1 P?. ure of Omar Pacha aud his forces for the j t tjle
pomt in the Auditor's office a full description % spreading alarm through the : Wl « f6,,
of the slave, together with a detailed state- i ^"^Palitics | all who
iueat of the expenses due upon him, up to ' e as81ans
the date of his delivery
ween t lie
ball and the barrel ol tlTeTflJfl^tti of the
. t> i • powder to escape. His estimated that when
The Admirals of tlm Ivussian isaltic j wjlu|age only l-20th of the calibre of the
fleet, and the Generals having command in j „ui!j one-third of the powder escapes, and of
„ . . . , ... [ ther lar<TC towns on the shores of the Gulf of | course its strength is lost. * * *
of six of our large rivers, and arc all in pro- ! Finland" have been summoned to the minis- j The ball is oblong with a concial point.—
gress of construction at the several navy L f ^ g
At Norfork, Knnnrtto I. J ...
The New Steam Fuigates.—The six
steam frigates ordered last year by Congress
to be added to our naval forces bear the names
Astor House; and hence this extra gathering
in State Council of the bona fide regular Know
Nothings in this city. If Seward is defeated.
his political existence is practically ended.—
He falls back into the political impotence of 1 yards, as follows :
Martin Van Baren—his career is stopped—his , and Colorado; at Washington, the Minneso- , -, ,
sectional anti-s ayery programme for the sue- t at Philadelphia, the Wabash; at New deelde(1
cession is demolished, and the coast is clear in - —
the North. On the other hand, if Seward is !
re-elected, the Know Nothings will not only
have their work to do over again here, but they
will be materially damaged in the South,_ by j New York Evening Post says that C
, „ na,yy ! try of war at St. Petersburg, where a num- | In its base it has a concial hollow lunning hall
the Roanoke ; beJrof couneiIs have been held. It has been or two-thirds the length of the celt. A cup
that the fortifications of the coast j
towns must be strengthened, and that en- |
trenched camps, each ftrgfecnough to receive
an infantry division, must be formed near
Thc Washington correspondent of the j theui. A system of gWongly entrenched
York, the Niagara; and at Boston, the Mer-
rimaok.—ATational Intel/igenrer.
their failure meantime to prove in New York j
theic-powerand their national principles. j
Texas Debt in Congress.—There are j
now two propositions before Congress for the ;
settlement of the Texas Debt. The Senate !
bill provides for the payment of eight and a I
half millions of dollars, on condition of a j
United States, ou behalf of j
made of sheet iron is placed in the orifice of
the hollow, which at the instant of firing is
driven by the powder with such torce into the
ball, thus spreading it open, so as in its course
out to perfectly slug or till ttie grooved barrel.
This accomplished the whole object, it saves in
?apt- Gib- ! camps, which is forthwith to 'be carried into \ ramming, it destroys windage, thus economi-
ey out of i execution, will extend from Cronstadttomost fl"fh"yj^el so as'to gUetoe ball a complet'e
* ir"e j rota rynyrtioii, and certainly of direction Thus
the M ye in e n t.—takiug its name trom
a Frenth^Sfi^^U-'ined Minie,—is a Miuie
ball, not a~Sfthie rifle. The conical sliape of
son, despairing of getting any money
our .government has wisely determined to j of the strategetii* points in Poland.
give up lobbying Congress, and has gone to j Delta. J
writing out his travels. He has already | —
made some progress in the work. It is to be j \ ]unip 0f saleratus applied to thc
entitled ''The Prison of Weltevreden, and a Uing of a wasp or bee, will stop the pain in
Glance at the East Indian Archipelago," and one nion,ent, and prevent it from swelling.-'
will contain about 500 octavo pages, with i put this fact up somewhere for next sum'
individual with which
provided themselves.
the speculators have
Spurious Bank Bills.—The Cincinnati
Gazette makes thc following startling an-
nouncement: "Tbe most startling discovery
of the age is, that by which a bank note or
other writing or engraving is copied to such
perfection as to defy the best jndges. Last
week a photographist copied a note of the
State bank of Ohio, and the spurious bill was
presented to and received as genuine by
three of thc most experienced bank tellers in
this city, and even after being told that it waa
not genuine, they contented that it was good."
— BrtsA. Globe.
engravings. It is said to be full of incident,
and to be written with great spirit.— True
up .
! mer'suse.—Seguin Mercury.
1 It is also good for snake bites.
to remain, free of charge, in the service of
the department, always subject to be redeem-
ed and taken in possession by his owner, on
the latter making due proof, and paying all
cbarges up to tbe transfer of the slave to the
said department. It would be well to have
published a description of the slave, wheu
and where taken, and, if possible, the name
&t>d residence of his owner, at the time of his
being delivered over to the State."
Principalities and Bulgaria, especially, lest ^ ^o shall accept the terms tendered—j
_D .. ! the Russians should make a formidable in- % the bill from the House Committee on j
The slave is there 'vasion of the lower Portion of the latter pro- ^ aud Mfana the creditors are required j . , t
—— to execute releases not only to the United | Shocking Accident.—A negro girl some j A uian of rather good appearance, who
States, but to Texas. Texas is to execute a t 12 years old, belonging to Mr:-. E. Hawley. j was taken up by the policeon Thursday nigfe
release to the United States purporting that j (now in Tennessee,) was driving one day • in a state of drunkenuess, on being conimit-
the sum paid is in full satisfaction for all her j this week, at Witherspoon's, when stepping j ted to the work-house to-day, made many en-
For the Crimea.
Immense quantities of Russian troops are
being despatched to the Crimea, and there
will apparently soon be such a force there, as
can scarcely be considered less than over-
whelming. Every thing that is thought cal-
culated to animate and inspirit them against
the Allies, is being resorted to with the
greatest energy.
claims upon the United States prior to annex- | up between the arms of the main wheel while | treaties, and plead the injury and disgrace
ation. In consideration of the payment, Tex- underway, had her brains crushed out in an that would be inflicted upon'his only child,
as is to discharge the United States from lia- ( instant. No one knew any thing of it, till a ; How strange that men cannot remember the
bility lor th-j indemnity claimed on account) small negro went up into the gin, when the .feelings, nor the welfare of wives and child-
of her Indian wars since annexation. !t is ginner found her perfectly dead, her head rcn, when thev are getting drunk, as well as
being crushed and brains upon the ground.— | when the sad "consequences of their drunken-
thought that if thus amended the bill will not
be accepted by Texas.— Galveston Civilian. '
Marshall Meridian.
ness comes upon them.— TVofA. Globe.
Ihe,b2Hel gives it greater weight of metal than
a roilnd one %flords loss resistance to the air,
and greatly increases the distance it can be
^irovvn. j)f*tth ip- I bail, however, has been
used for snougtinSe, by sportsmen. The present
popularity of the ritle owes its origin to Ameri-
can sharp-shooteu. bred aud trained iu our new
settlements, and who in our Indian ar.d other
wars have shown the efficiency of the tide Lall
picking of otiicers, gunners and prominent ob-
jects, but its perfection, we imagine, has been
accomplished in the hands oi the French.
High Handed.—The abolitionists of Mil-
waukie have caused the urreat oi Judge Miiler
of the United States District of Wisconsin, and
of Mr. Sharpsten, the District Attorney, charg-
ng them with the false imprisonment of Booth,
a rescuer of fugitive slaves.—Gal. Times.
More Work for Marct.—Several ship-
ping houses in this city have for some rime
been engaged in procuring guano from Isle
Aves, a small island situated in lat. 15. Ion.
GO 1-2, about 400 miles from the coast of
Venezuela, 200 miles south of St Thomas,
and 150 miles west of Guadalupe. This is-
land contains a large quantity of guano, and
several cargoes of it have been recently brought
to this port. A few weeks since, while the
crews of our vessels were engaged in securing
their cargoes, they were driven away by an
armed ship belonging to the government of
Venezuela, aud the island taken possession of
by a body of soldiers. Now, the question is,
to whom does this island belong? Chere is
an island callcd Aves just off the coast of
Venezuela, which undoubtedly belongs to
that government; but the Isle Aves we refer
to was formerly under the Danish flag, and
hag been claimed by the French. At all
events, it is pretty certain that Veneaufi
has no just claim to it. Here 13 a chaneeT
Mr. Marcy; aud us there probably is more
guano on this little island tluiu on the whole
group of Qallipagos, it is cc®ainly worth his
attention. It would he well enough to aettle
the ownership, so that our shipmasters may
know who to deal with.—JVetc York Her-
fg-Rnr. James Young is lecturing OS
temperance in Eastern Texas.

Ford, John S. The Texas State Times (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 11, Ed. 1 Saturday, February 17, 1855. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed December 1, 2015.