In publishing this account of the battle of the Nueces River,
I am giving the versions of two of the participants, R. H. Wil-
liams, an Englishman who was with the Confederate forces, and
Captain John W. Sansom, who was traveling as a guest with
the Unionists who were making their way to Mexico to avoid
conscription into the Southern Army. I did not know R. H.
Williams, but I have his fine book, With the Border Ruffians,
in which he gives a detailed account of the battle, often refer-
red to as "The Massacre on the Nueces." That it was a mas-
sacre cannot well be denied, for not only were the wounded
prisoners shot, but-the unwounded men who surrendered were
also shot, and their bones left to bleach in the sun on the distant
Nueces river in Texas. I personally knew Captain John W.
Sansom, who, after the Civil War ended, served gallantly as a
Texas Ranger and helped to drive the Indians from Kerr, Ban-
dera, Kendall and Gillespie counties. Captain Sansom furnished
me with this account of the Nueces fight in 1911.
The versions of Captain Sansom and R. H. Williams are here
given in order to "keep the record straight," and rescue from
oblivion that fragment of our Texas history which otherwise
might become lost.
J. MARVIN HUNTER, SR,
Williams, R. H. & Sansom, John W. Massacre on the Nueces River; story of a Civil War tragedy.. Grand Prairie, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2409/. Accessed February 27, 2015.