History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families

HISTORY OF TEXAS.

T HE State of Texas has had a career so
remarkable that its study enchants the
reader like the bewitching stories and
legends of England, or of any great
European country. It is with pleasure, therefore,
that the author compiles the following
brief account, giving the substance of the
best passages in the history of the Lone Star
State:
THE NAME " TEXAS. b
According to the various authorities, there
are several origins to the name Texas. 1,
Spanish, tejas (roof-tiles), because the inhabitants
had roofed houses; 2, old Spanish or
Celtiberian, denoting a plain; 3, an Indian
word signifying friend; 4, another Indian
word meaning paradise, or a beautiful land;
5, a common termination of several tribal
names in Indian, as Tlaxcaltecas, Chlolutecas,
Cuitlachtecas, Zacatecas, etc.
TOPOGRAPHY.
Texas has an area of 271,856 square miles
of land, and 2,510 square miles of water surface,
the latter consisting of lakes and bays,
making a total of 274,366 square miles, equal
to about 8.7 per cent. of the entire area of the
United States and Territories. It is much the
largest State in the Union, being six times
larger than New York and seven times as large
as Ohio, and 100,000 square miles larger than
all the Eastern and Middle States, including
Delaware and Maryland. Compared to the

countries of Europe, it has 34,000 square
miles more than the Austrian Empire, 62,000
more than the German Empire. and nearly
70,000 square miles more than France.
It is located in the extreme southern
part of the United States, between the 26th
and 36th parallels of north latitude and the
94th and 106th meridians of longitude. The
distance between the extreme northern and
southern points is nearly 750 miles, and
about 800 miles from east to west. It is
bounded on the east by the State of Louisiana,
west by the Republic of Mexico and the
Territory of 1 ew Mexico, north by the States
of Colorado and Arkansas and the Indian
Territory, and on the south by the Gulf of
Mexico. General custom has divided the
State geographically into five parts, namely:
Central, northern, southern, eastern and western
Texas, though the dividing lines are not
well defined.
The topography, like many other characteristics
of the State, is but little understood,
except in a general way.
The country lying east of the 96th degree
of longitude and north of the 30th parallel
of latitude, and known as ," East Texas," is
characterized by a long range of hills running
in an irregular line from northeast to southwest,
and containing large deposits of brown
hematite iron ore. It is also marked by a
heavy growth of timber, consisting principally
of forests of pine, oak and hickory.

Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families. Chicago. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/. Accessed March 30, 2015.