History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families

HISTORY OF TEXA& 119~

suit at law. He died in Waco, May 13,
1891, and his wife five months afterward.
He lost one son in -the last war, and died
leaving one son and three daughters.
GENERAL JAMES HAMILTON was a native of
South Carolina, of which State he was goverinor.
Coming to Texas he boldly advocated
her independence, and contributed both
time and means to the cause. Even in South
Carolina, as a member of her senate, he upheld
in eloquent phrase the purity of the
motives of the revolutionists of Texas, and
actively devoted himself to the interests of
the new republic. Hle secured the treaty
with Great Britain, and negotiated one with
the kingdom of the Netherlands. In recognition
of his services he was invested with
the rights of Texas citizenship by a special
act of its congress. But while lie was a diplomlatic
agent for Texas in Europe he became
involved in embarrassments which eventually
ruined him. In 1857 he sailed from New
Orleans for Galveston in the steamship Opelusas,
with the hope of obtaining an indemnification
for his losses and of retrieving his
fortune in the country for which he had done
so 1nmuch. The vessel was wrecked on her
passage by a colliskin with the steamer Galveston.
and Hamilton was one of the victims
of thle disaster. The State congress went
into mourning out of respect to his memory.
JAMES W. THROCKMORTONV, governor of
Texas ii 1866-'67, was born in Tennessee
in 1825, and began life as a physician, in
which calling lie won a high reputation until
]le decided to adopt the profession of law.
Removing to what is now Collin county,
Texas, in 1841, lie was elected ten years later
to the State legislature, and was re-elected in
,1853 and 1855, and in 1857 he was chosen
State senator. During all these years the
legislation of the State bears the impress of

his tireless efforts, and to no one else are the
people more indebted for the development
of their resources. Though a Democrat in
politics, he was opposed to secession, and as
a nmemnber of the first secession convention
he voted against secession; but, being true to
his State, after the Confederate movement
was fully inaugurated lie raised a company
of soldiers and joined the Southern cause,
and remained till the close of the struggle,
though at intervals he was disabled from
active service by sickness. Among the engagements
in which he participated was the
battle of Elkhorn. Afterward he served
under General Dick Taylor. In 1864 Governor
Murrah assigned him the command of
the northern frontier, with the rank of brigadier
general. In 1865 General Kirby Smith
appointed him general Indian agent, and he
made treaties with numerous Indian tribes
favorable to Texas. In 1866 he -was elected
a member of the first reconstruction convention,
and was chosen president of that body:
the same year he was elected governor, under
the new conbEitution, by a vote of nearly fbur
to one: but, though his administration was
most katisfactucry to the people of the State,
he was deposed in the following year, under
reconstruction imeabures executed by " Radicals."
In 1874, and again in 1876, lie was
chosen for Congress, where he served with
distinction uniril lMarch, 1879, when he retired
to private life.
Early in his professional career he was
married to Miss Ann IRatten, a native of Illinois,
and of their nine children seven still
suVl v le.
GENERAL THOMAS NEVILLE WAUL, whose
ancestors on both sides took part in the
Revolutionary struggle, was born in South
Carolina, in 1813. After receiving his education
at one of the best colleges in that

119

HISTOY OFTEXAS.

Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families. Chicago. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/. Accessed July 30, 2014.