History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families

HISTORY OF TEXAS. 121

nitnity of heart which ever characterized his
life, he did not stop to calculate the consequences,
linbut in a second was in his saddle
going at full speed at the risk of his own life
to save that of Sweitzer. His companions
followed, and they reached Sweitzer just in
tilmie to save his life.
August 20, 1840, soon after the above
occurrence, Mfr. McCulloeh married Miss
Jane Isabella Ashby, and directly settled on
the place improved by his brother Ben, four
miles from Gonzales.
In September, 1842, General Woll, at the'
head of a thousand Mexican infantry and
500 or 600 cavalry, captured San Antonio;
but just before the retreat of the Mexican
forces Captain Matthew Caldwell, with 200
men, engaged the enemy about five or six
miles from town and defeated them. While
this fight was progressing Dawson's men were
massacred in the rear of the Mexican army
while trying to make their way to Caldwell,
and in this engagement McCulloch was a
lieutenant under Colonel Jack Hays. He was
also in Somervell's expedition so far as it
remained in Texas.
Becoming a resident of Gonzales county
in 1844, he entered mercantile business there.
In 1846 he was elected captain of a volunteer
company for the Mexican war, and the next
year was elected sheriff of that county.
Occasionally he was engaged in an expedition
against the Indians, with success. In 1853,
on the Democratic ticket for the legislature,
he was elected, over Colonel French Smith, a
Whig, and in 1855 he was again elected,
defeating Thomas H. Duggan. In 1858 lihe
was appointed United States marshal for the
Eastern District of Texas, which position he
lield until the breaking out of the Civil war,
ld in this mighty struggle he had a brilliant
career. He was promoted from the position

of colonel to that of brigadier-general. March
1, 1876, Governor Coke appointed him
superintendent of the Deaf and Dumb
Asylum, which place lie held until dismissed
bly Governor Roberts, September 1, 1879. In
1885 lie was employed by tile State Land
Board as an agent to manage the publicschool,
university and asylumll lands.
ELISHA M. P:A.sE, twice governor of Texas,
was born in Connecticut, in 1812, and became
a lawyer. In 1835 he came to Texas
and was appointed secretary of the executive
council at San Felipe. During 1836-'37 he
held several positions under the government.
Resigning the comptrollership of public accounts
in the latter year, he began to practice
his profession in Brazoria county. He
was a member of the house of representatives
of the first and second legislatures, and of the
senate of the third legislature. lie was governor
of Texas from 1853 to 1857, and from
1867 to 1869, in the latter case being appointed
by General Sheridan, under reconstruction
regime, to succeed Throckmorton.
In 1874 he was appointed collector of customs
for Galveston, which office he did not
accept. In 1879 he was reappointed to the
same position, and took charge of the customhouse
February 1 of that year.
BENJAMIN IR. MILAM was a native of Kentucky,
born of humble parents and having
but little education. He distinguished himself
in the war of 1812, and afterward engaged
in trade with the Indians at the headwaters
of Texan rivers. Later he joined
Mina in his disastrous expedition in aid of
the revolutionary cause in Mexico, and being
one of those who escaped death, rendered
valuable services. When Iturbide proclaimed
himself emperor, Milam was among the first
to join the party that opposed him. For
th,.'s he was cast into prison, where he

121

HISSTOBYOFTEAS

Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families. Chicago. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/. Accessed September 17, 2014.