In seventy-five counties the schools are to the support of the schools. A consideroperated
on a peculiar plan called the corn- able portion of these lands is leased for vary
mnnity system. The community has no ing terms of years, and the rental applied as
geographical boundaries, and enrollment on the rental of the State school lands. These
the community list is a matter of local enter- lands are under the exclibive control of the
prise. Local taxes can I)e levied in commn,- county authorities; 3,896,640 acre, hale
nity counties, but the plan is cumbrous and beeii thus granted to counties, and a rteerd arather
inefficient. The average school terin tion lias been made from the public doliaii
in these counties for 1890-'91 was 4.71 for the unorganized counties.
months; the average salary of teachers was In addition to the interest on bonds and
$202.76, and the percentage of enrollment land notes and rental from leases, the State
on the scholastic population 88. levies an annual adc-,calorem school tax of one
The cities and towns of tlhe State may be and one-quarter mills, devotes one fourth o(f
constituted independent districts on a ma- the occupation taxes, and an annual poll t;.x
jority vote of the people of the municipality. of $1 to the available school fund. The enIndependent
districts may vote a levy of local tire amount of available apportioned school
school tax not exceeding five mills. There fund for the year 1890-'V91 was $2,545,524,
are 127 of these districts in the State, includ- and the total receipts by local treasurers. ining
all of the larger and many of the smaller cluding balances from the previous sear, were
towns. The average school term in these $3,958,316.07. The disbursements for the
districts in 1890-'91 was 7.48 months, the same year amounted to $3,551.442.53.
average annual salary of teachers $447.97,
and the per centage of enrollment 81.3, AVAILABLE SCHOOL FUND ACCOUNT.
These districts are independent of the county RECEIPTS.
school officers, and receive the State apportionment
direct from the State Treasurer. Amount brought forward from previous
The State endowment of the common year ................................$ 357,691 76
schools is large. About $742780875 in I Amount from State apportionment...... 2,5..8,707 05
schools About $7,427,808.75 inAmount from county school (available)
interest-bearing bonds, more than $14,380,- fund ................................ 37 5,806 15
906.37 in interest-bearing land notes, and Amount from local school taxes ...... 469,392 23
about 20,000,000 acres of unsold lands con- Amount from all other sources......... 21.) 257 64
about 20,000,000 acre s o unsol lands CO- Amount paid in excess of receipts .. 49,67 09
stitute the State endowment. Of the unsold
school lands a large amount is leased at 4 Total receipts ......................$4,006,221 92
cents per acre, and the funds thus derived
added to the annual available school fund. DISBURSEMENTS.
Besides the State endowment fund, each
county has been granted by the State four Cash paid to teachers ................. $2,878,027 79
eage of l , which constitute county e Cash paid for supervision of schools..... 100,609 88
leagues ot land, which constitute county enl- Cash paid lor building schoolhouses..... 152,417 89
dowmnent. As these lands are sold the funds Cash paid for rent of schoolhouses ...... 33,726 65
received are invested under the authority of Cash paid for repair on schoolhouses ... 63,456 0O
the county commissioners' court, and the inhouses
............................... 61,37 59
terest on the investment is annually applied Cash paid for all other purposes....... 277,807 18
HTISTOR Y FTXS
Lewis Publishing Company, publisher.. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families. Chicago. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/. Accessed May 25, 2013.