History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families

138 HISTORY OF TEXAS.

Following is a list of the most important
investigations so far as undertaken by the
station:
A study of the disease of the cotton plant
known as "blight," or "root rot," and experiments
to find a preventive for the same;
jointly with the Missouri Agricultural Experimient
Station, a study of the cattle disease
-Texas fever-to determine how the disease
is transmitted, what parts of the State are
free from it, and experiments in disinfecting
to prevent cattle from spreading the disease
when Texas cattle are shipped north, and
inoculating cattle to protect from the disease
when brought into the State; testing different
fertilizers; growing a variety of forage
plants, including silage crops; fattening cattle
on different rations to determine the most
economical method of feeding; testing a
variety of food stuffs for the production of
butter; testing tile drains on land used for
Urowing farm, fruit and vegetable crops;
testing a variety of grasses, fruits and vegetables;
operating a creamery for investigation
in dairy work.
Bulletins are published from time to time,
giving in detail the work of the station, and
sent free to any applicant in the State.
Information in regard to construction of
silos, farm buildings, creameries, with plans
for the same, and list of machinery and estimate
as to the cost, will be supplied upon
request.
STATE UNIVERSITY.
The University of Texas owes its existence
to the wisdom, foresight and statesmanship
of the founders of the Republic of Texas,
who made the most ample provision for its
establishment and maintenance ill the legislation
of that period. By an act of the Third

Congress fifty leagues of land were set apart
as an endowment to the university. The
legislature of Texas, by an act approved February
11, 1858, added to this $100,000 in
United States bonds then in the State treasury,
and every tenth section of land granted
or that might be thereafter granted to railroads
or the Brazos and Galveston Navigation
Company, which was to be used as an
endowment and for the purpose of putting
the university into operation. This act was,
however, never carried out, doubtless on account
of the intervention of the civil war.
The constitution of 1876 re-appropriated all
grants before made except the one-tenth
section, and in lieu thereof set apart 1,000,000
acres of the unappropriated public domain
for the university.
The legislature, by an act approved March
30, 1881, provided for the location, organization
and government of the University of
Texas, and in obedience to that act an election
was held the first Tuesday in Septemnber,
1881, to determine where the institution
should be located, resulting in favor of Austin,
the capital of the State.
The buildings are situated about three.
quarters of a mile north of the State capitol,
on an imposing site in the center of a fortyacre
tract of land set apart by the Third
Congress of the Republic of Texas for that
purpose, and were opened for the reception
of students September 15., 1883. Thus was
the long cherished desire of the fathers of
Texas, and the wishes of the people so often
expressed in the various State constitutions,
at last attained.
The university is governed by a board or
regents composed of eight citizens, residents
of different sections of the State, who are appointed
by the governor and confirmed by
the senate. By an act of the legislature ap.

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61HISTORY PTEA

Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families. Chicago. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/. Accessed August 22, 2014.