History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families

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ances for the school-room, variety of musical
instruments, etc., is the largest in the South.
Number of pupils enrolled during 1891,
164. The average cost per capita of feeding
them was about $5.30 per month.
Number of officers and teachers, 19; number
of employes, 14.
Value of buildings and grounds, $115,000;
value of scientific apparatus, $1,250; value of
school and musical apparatus, $7,000; total,
$123,250.
DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM.
The State Deaf and Dumb Asylum is situated
at the State capital, on a commanding
height south of the Colorado river, and is
justly regarded as one of the most beautiful
and healthful locations in the city.
During the session of 1891, 233 pupils were
enrolled up to October 31, and 195 were in
actual attendance.
The health of the institution has not been
good, three deaths having occurred during
the year from la grippe, dysentery and dropsy
of the heart.
The total expense of maintaining the institution
from March 1, 1891, to November 1,
1891, was $75,816, which includes $30,000
for additional story and repairs. This
includes all ordinary expenses, such as board,
fuel, light, medicine, salaries of officers, teachers
and employes, and so much of clothing
and transportation as was paid by the State.
There are fourteen officers and teachers,
five experts and twelve employes connected
with the institution.
It is the purpose of the State in establishing
such institutions to give the students a
practical education, and as far as possible
rescue this unfortunate class from helplessness
and dependence. In addition, therefore,

to the instruction usual in such schools, a
printing office, book bindery and shoe shop
have been established for the purpose of teaching
those trades to such of the pupils as have
the ability and inclination to learn them.
Skilled workmen, experts in their business,
are in charge of each of these departments,
and the progress made by the students under
them has thus far been very encouraging.
An art department was inaugurated October
5, 1887, and is now one of the most interesting
and attractive features of the school.
Some of the pupils acquired such skill in
crayon work before the end of the session that
they were offered profitable employment at
work of that kind during vacation.
The conditions of admission to the institution
are few and simple. The age at which
pupils are received and the length of time
they are kept are matters left to the discretion
of the superintendent. Persons not
susceptible of receiving instruction will not
be received at all. Parents are required to
furnish transportation, if able to do so; otherwise
it will be provided by the State.
The school opens the first Wednesday in
September and closes the first Wednesday in
June of each year.
Pupils are required to return to their
homes during vacation to give opportunity to
renovate and repair the buildings.
Value of buildings and grounds, $125,000;
value of library, $500; total, $125,500.
DEAF AND DUMB AND BLIND INSTITUTE FOR
THE COLORED YOUTH.
The Deaf and Dumb and Blind Asylum
for colored youth was established by an act
of the Twentieth Legislature, which provided
for the appointment of a board to select a
site near the city of Austin, and appropriated

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Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families. Chicago. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/. Accessed July 10, 2014.