History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families

196 HISTORY OF TEXAS.

of honey, which not only add many dollars
'to the purse, but they furnish the table with
a luxury which cannot well be dispensed
with.
In 1890, 145,542 stands produced 2,316,889
pounds, valued at $236,466, which was
more than 10 cents per pound.
HORTIT 'ULTURE.
As stated in previous reports under this
head, it is intended mainly to record the
number of acres in orchards and note the
progress made from year to year in extending
the area devoted to the fruit-growing industry.
The total acreage in orclhards in the
State is 62,835, and the value of the fruit
crop in 1890, estimated at current market
prices, was $1,227,791.
We take this occasion to repeat the language
of the report of 1888 commendatory of the
work of the State Horticultural Society
in promoting the interests of horticulture
throughout the State, which was as follows:
s, Within the past few years the State Horticultural
Society has done a great work in developing
and cultivating an interest among
the people of the State on the subject of horticulture.
Local societies have been formed
in various parts of the State, and local fairs
held at which the horticultural products of
the immediate section in particular and the
State in general were exhibited, thus practically
educating the people upon this most
important branch of agriculture, and stimulating
an interest in the adoption of the best
methods of work and the attainment of a
more scientific knowledge of the subject.
As a result of the impetus given to fruitgrowing
by these various associations, canneries
for the preservation of ti surplus
crops of fruits arnd vegetables nave been

started in different sections of the State. The
fruit crop of the State is therefore getting to
be quite an item in summing up the State's
sources of revenue. The climate and soil are
admirably adapted to the growth of peaches,
pears and all the smaller fruits. Large quantities
of peaches, grapes and strawberries are
shipped North in the early part of the season."
MISCELLANEOUS.
In addition to the foregoing data, we have
the following items from tile last census:

Number.
Horses and mules ...... 1,489,716
Cattle .................7,584,667
Jacks and jennets...... 26,255
Sheep .................4,070,225
Goats ................. 384,324
Hogs........ .........1,060,226
Total ............. 14,565,413
1888.
Number gins ....... 4,110
No. sheep sheared .. 3,860,034
No. lbs. wool clipped 18,721,693 1
Total val. wool clip'd $2,907,314 $
Miles of telegraph
lines in the State.. 9,475
Miles of street railroad
in the State .. 202
Number physicians. 3,024
Number lawyers .... 2,662
Number marriages ... 22,856
No. divorces granted. 1,520
No. persons incarcerated
in county jails. 12,867
No. of convicts rec'd
in State penitentiary 1,118

Av. value
Value. per h'd.
$40,842,176 $28.86
45,732,699 6.08
748,757 28.52
5,639,705 1.38
275,849 .72
1,350,755 1.27
$94,589,941
1889. 1890.
4,506 4,500
3,754,069 2,813,172
8,345,688 13,531,196
13,319,155 $2,466,625

/

10,120 10,322

*84
8,513
3,106
23,596
1,466

244
3,750
8,150
24,593
1,852

13,274 18,274
1,045 -696

"GRASSHOPPER ' RAIDS.
The famous western "grasshoppers," or
migiratory locusts, made their first appearance
in Travis and adjoining counties in the fall *
*Difference in mileage caused by its rendition 4
personal property.
t Augyust 1, 1891,

196

HISTORY OF TEXAS.

Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families. Chicago. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/. Accessed November 27, 2014.