History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families

19

193 HISTORY OF TEXAS.

The Texas State Farmer, located at Dallas,
is the organ of the State Grange.
TEXAS (O-OPERATIVE ASSOCIATION OF THE
PATRONS (OF HUSBANDRY.
This organization is the outgrowth of the
Grange movement in the State, anmd has for
its object tile purchase of supplies and general
merchandise for farmers, and thle -aile of
products of the farms of the membership,
though its business transactions are not confined
to members of the order. The association
consists of central and branch organizations.
The central organization conducts a
wholesale and the local organizations a retail
business. Tlie central or wholesale bianchl is
located in Galveston, and is supported by
about 130 associations located in various
parts of the State; and in addition to the 130)
associations above mentioned, there are about
o50 individual shareholders. Membership,
about 9.000.
The institution is chartered with an authorized
capital stock of $100,000.
FARMERS' ALLIANCE.
This State enjoys the distinction of having
given birth to the above named institution,
which is now the strongest and most active
farmers' organization in the State. No farmers'
move has ever taken such deep root in
the hearts of the agricultural classes, and
spread throughout the State and nation with
such rapidity, as has the Farmers' Alliance
movement, and its phenomenal growth still
continues, its progress being marked by continual
acquisitions to old Alliances and the
formation of new ones in various parts of
the State. State Alliances have spr ng up
in several States, and a national organization
has been perfected.

The following facts relating to the origin
of the organization were gleaned from a
" History of the National Farmers' Alliance
and Co-operative Union of America," by
W. L. Garvin and S. 0. Daws, of Jacksboro,
Texas.
The name Farmers' Alliance was assumed
by an association of farmers in Lampasas
county in 1875, who had organized for selfprotection
against persons who drove off their
stock and otherwise harassed them with a
view of preventing the further settlement of
the country. In 1878 it had -spread over
Lampasas and adjoining counties, but, becoming
entangled with politics through designing
mnen,.was broken up.
In 1879 W. T. Baggett, of Coryell county,
a member of one of the old organizations,
moved to Parker county and settled near
Poolville. Hie had in his possession one of
the constitutions of the order as it existed in
Coryell county, and organized the first Alliance
at Poolville, July 29, 1879.
In this organization the political features
which had destroyed the Alliance of Lampasas
and adjoining counties in 1878 were stricken
out of the declaration of principles, and the
order placed on a non-political basis.
The following is the original declaration of
principles, with the exception of the second
and seventh articles:
1. To labor for the education of the agricultural
classes in the science of economical
government, in a strictly non-partisan spirit.
2. To endorse the motto, "In things
essential unity, and in all things charity."
3. To develop a better state, mentally,
morally, socially and financially.
4. To create a better understanding for
sustaining civil officers in maintaining law
and order.

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Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families. Chicago. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/. Accessed August 31, 2014.