History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families

23O HISTORY OF TEXAS.

% The total number of manufactories now in
operation is about 150, with a capital of $2,750,300.
The raw material used in 1889
amounted to something like $1,800,000. In
these establishments some 1,500 persons find
employment, to whom wages are paid
amounting to $400,000. The value of the
products for 1889 aggregated $3,750,000.
One of the grand features that promises to
have a great effect in San Antonio's success
as a manufacturing center is the discovery of
natural gas in considerable quantities both in
and adjacent to the city. The wells already
developed have more than enough to supply
the entire city for domestic lighting and
heating purposes. It has a confined pressure
of from 50 to 200 pounds per square inch.
And on the same lands, belonging to Mr.
George Dullnig, are some oil wells that flow
the best lubricating oil on the market. It
brings 20 cents a gallon for all that is
pumped, and the Southern Pacific Railway
gave a certificate saying one of their freight
engines, oiled with it, had run over 3,000
miles without replenishing the cups-a record
unprecedented for any lubricating oil
ever discovered.
The increase in taxable values is a good
index of the prosperity of San Antonio.
Tax-State, city and county-is less than in
any city in the United States-less than $2
on the $100 for all purposes whatever.
The San Antonio military post will one
day be the largest in the country, as to-day
it is the most beautiful. Nature has given
the site, the location, the strategic importance,
and Uncle Sam has always recognized
the importance of keeping troops here.
The first military post in San Antonio was
established in 1865. The troops w/Ore withdrawn
in 1873, but two years laterithey were
marched back, as the war department

had discovered what an important point
this was. It was determined to make
the establishment here permanent and
the citizens were agreeable to the idea.
What is now known as Government hill, cbeing
then a long distance from the town, met
with favor in the eyes of the officers detailed
to select a site.
The various Christian and Jewish denominations
have a strong representation in the
city. Many of the buildings in which their
worship is conducted are fine specimens 'of
church architecture. The most imposing
church building is the San Fernando cathedral,
which is the central church of the
Catholic religion in the Southwest. This
cathedral is situated on Main plaza and its
fine peal of the bells and sweet-toned organ
are famous throughout the State. The largest
Protestant church is called St. Mark's. It
is the seat of the Episcopalian bishop of Western
Texas. This church is beautifully located
on Travis square and is widely noted
for its magnificent choir and choral services.
In the same neighborhood are situated the
Jewish synagogue the First Baptist church
and the Methodist Episcopal church, South.
The following list shows the number of
churches owned by the several denominations:
Episcopalian 4, Catholic 4, Presbyterian 8,
Methodist 6, Baptist 5, Lutheran 1, Christian
1, colored denominations 7. The rolls of
church membership are large, and well filled
churches attest the great number of worshipers
in the city.
Besides these, all of which have large Sunday-schools,
the Young Men's Christian Association
has a large membership--a larger
per cent of young people than any city in
the Southwest-with a ladies' auxiliary.
No city in the United States has better
schools than has San Antonio. She bau a

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IFISTORY F EXS

Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families. Chicago. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/. Accessed November 24, 2014.