History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families

42- HISTORY OF TEXAS..--

until even the settlers in the Austin colony
began to arise in arms. A spirit of rebellion
began to spread like a prairie fire before a
wind.
One John Austin, not a relative of Stephen
F., was an alcalde at Brazoria and a brave and
influential citizen. On June 10, 1832, he
joined the insurgents, and with about a hundred
men demanded the release of certain
prisoners at Anahuac, was refused, and some
shots were fired. Bradburn, the Mexican offi.
cer, agreed to release the men if Austin with
his force would retire six miles away. Austin
did this, but Bradburn broke faith, opened
fire upon the insurgents remaining in Anahuac
and drove them from the place.
In January, this year (1832), Santa Anna
at Vera Cruz pronounced against the government
of Bustamante, and the usual war
followed, a la Mexican. The colonists, being
enraged by the latter's administration, a
number of them met at Turtle bayou and drew
up a list of their grievances, JurJe 13, and
passed resolutions adopting Santa Anna's
plan and pledged their support to the constitution
and the leaders who were then fighting
in defense of civil liberty.
The first skirmish, June 13, 1832, resulted
in the insurgents taking the fort at Velasco
from the brave Ugartechea. Meanwhile, John
Austin's men around Anahuac successfully
cut off supplies and communication. Piedras,
commanding at Nacogdoches, hastened
hitherward to aid the Mexicans, but before
arriving fell into the hands of the insurgents,
and was coverted to their cause. By his assistaunce
Travis and other prisoners were released.
Piedras appointed another man to
succeed Brad burn at Anahuac and started back
to Nacogdoches; but as soon as hie turned
his back the garrison at Anahuac mutinied
in favor of Santa Anna. Bradburn was per'

suaded by some of the officers to re-assume
command, but he immediately found so many
of the men committed to Santa Anna that he
quit in disgust and went to New Orleans, accompanied
by only one man, as guide. On his
journey he escaped molestation by saying that
he was going to the United States to seek
for aid in driving the Mexicans out of Texas.
Considering Santa Anna's future career, it
is interesting to notice the praise given that
treacherous Mexican by S. F. Austin at this
time. Said he, in an address delivered on the
day of jubilee, July 25, 1832:
",Fellow Citizens, and Soldiers of the Santa
Anna Volunteer Company: I have not the
words duly to express my grateful feelings
and unfeigned thanks for the kind welcome
with which you have honored my return to this
colony. In all my acts, as far as they have
been connected with the advancement of Texas,
I have been governed by the most sincere desire
to promote its pro parity and the permanent
happiness of its citizens. My leading motto
has been and is, Fidelity to the constitution
of our adopted country. The same has been
and is the governing principle of the inhabitants
of this colony. I thank my fellow citizens
for their approbation; it is the highest
reward that can be offered to me for my
humble services as their public agent.
"I accord with you in the opinion that the
present is an important epoch in the political
march of our adopted and beloved country.
With institutions founded on the broad basis
of representative democracy, the general
government of Mexico has, for the last two
years, been administered, in many particulars,
on principles which more properly belong to
a military despotism than to a free republic.
A great and glorious regeneration is taking
place; the free democracy of the nation, the
people, have asserted their rights under the

42

HI'STOR Y P EXS

Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families. Chicago. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/. Accessed September 19, 2014.