History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families

their power, and the release of these was de- eralists" failed to establish their "Republic
manded. The Indians brought forward only of the Rio Grande," a scheme wholly ignored
one, a little girl. After a brief discussion, by the Texans. The latter, however, as has
in which the Indians exhibited defiance, an already been remarked, claimed all the terriorder
was sent to Captain Howard, to bring tory east of the Rio (Grande to its source,
his company into the council room; and as which was indeed much farther into the insoon
as the men had taken their position the terior than they were warranted in going.
chiefs were informed that they would be de- Accordingly, in 1841, they sent out an expetained
as prisoners until the captives were dition toward Santa Fe, in order more persurrendered.
A terrible conflict ensued; the fectly to establish their possession to that
twelve chiefs, armed, were all killed in the section of the country. This scheme was a
council room, while the warriors in the yard wild one, from the fact that the population
outside maintained a desperate light. All of Santa Fe was thoroughly Mexican, and
were finally slain, thirty-two in number, separated from the Texas settlements by an
while seven women and children were made Indian country fully 600 miles in width.
prisoners. Indeed it was not sanctioned by the Texan
Naturally the Comanches in general were congress, and the scheme was wholly Lamar's.
resolved on revenge for what they considered He proclaimed in advance to the authorities
treachery, and in return for the destruction at Santa Fe the object of the expedition. If
of so many of their chiefs. With a band of they in that section were unwilling to submit
600 they raided Linnville and the vicinity of to Texas, said he. then he wished to establish
Victoria, which latter place they made two friendly commercial relations with New Mexefforts
to capture, and carried off to their ico. lHe instructed his commander not to
homes immense numbers of live stock and subjugate the country if the people were unlarge
amounts of other property. During willing to submit; the military organization
August (1840) the whites had several skir- of the expedition was only for protection
mnishes with them, under command of General against the savages. The expedition, conFelix
Houston, and drove them away, with sisting of 270 soldiers, left Austin June 20,
considerable loss. Furthermore, on October 1841, and met with many disasters, and, after
5th following, Col. John H. Moore, with some loss of men, was captured before it
ninety Texans and twelve Lipan Indians, was reached Santa Fe, and most of the men sent
sent up the Colorado in pursuit of the escaped to the City of Mexico, where they were kept
Comanches, and on reaching them he des- in prison for a time. Among them was the
troyed their village and killed many of the commissioner, J. A. Navarro, who, after
escaping Indians. The rout was complete, languishing in prison for fourteen months,
and Lamar's system of extermination or ex- finally escaped at Vera Cruz, in January, 1845.
tinction was for once thoroughly carried out.
LOCATION OF THE CAPITAL
SANTA FE EXPEDITION.
January, 14, 1839, Congress appointed
A comparatively long interval of peace five commissioners to select a site for the
with Mexico was occasioned by internal strifes capital of the republic. The commissioners
in the latter country. The northern " Fed- were Albert C. Horton, Lewis P. Cook, Isaac

71

HISTORY OF TEXAS.

Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families. Chicago. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/. Accessed July 31, 2014.