History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families

HISTORY OF TEXAS.
.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

formed for the purpose of chastising their
enemies. It is claimed that he was assisted
secretly by Mexican money and arms. During
October and November there were several
collisions of Cortina and his men with the
Government military forces, with loss on
both sides. He devastated the country along
the Rio Grande for over 120 miles, and back
to the arroyo Colorado. This unprincipled
desperado was finally defeated in May, 1861,
when he burned a village named Rome. But
he afterward revolutionized Tamaulipas, became
governor, and intrigued both with the
Confederates and the United States officials.
In 1871 he was a general under Juarez, and
in 1875 mayor of Matamoras and general in
the Mexican army.
During the great civil war it was fortunate
for Texas that she was geographically situated
at a distance from the seat of the main conflict.
The patriotism of her sons caused all
of them to lose much in property, but no
battle took place in, or destructive army
marched through, her territory. Although
her commerce suffered considerably, she found
in Mexico a fair market for her cotton, her
main staple, and her numerous ports on the
gulf enabled her more easily to run the
blockade. -
THE STORM BEGUN.
Within a month after the installation of
Clark as governor, hostilities broke out. On
April 14, 1861, Fort Su nter, at Charleston,
South Carolina, was evacuated by Major
Robert Anderson, and on the following day
President Lincoln issued his proclamation for
75,000 volunteers. Enlistment for the Southern
cause was begun in Texas at once, and
early in May Colonel W. C. Young crossed i
Red river and captured Fort Arbuckle and
other military posts of the United States in the

Indian Territory, the Federal soldiers retreating
to Kansas. Colonel Ford also, assisted
by an expedition from. Galveston, took possession
of Fort Brown, opposite Matamoras,
meeting no resistance. Captain Hill, in command
there, was still holding it for the
United States, having disobeyed the order of
General Twiggs to evacuate it, but he had too
small a force to hold it against assault.
Governor Clark issued a proclamation
June 8 that a state of war existed, and shortly
afterward the ports of Texas were blockaded.
By November 15,000 Texans were enlisted
for the Southern cause.
The election of 1861 showed the small
majority of only 124 votes in favor of Francis
R. Lubbock for governor, over Clark, candidate
for re-election, and he was inaugurated
November 7, 1861.
Going back a little, we should state that in
July of this year Lieutenant-Colonel John R.
Baylor had occupied Fort Bliss, on the Rio
Grande, and on the 25th Meeilla, across the
Rio Grande. Major Lynde, commanding the
United States fort, Fillmore, near by, having
failed to dislodge Baylor, surrendered his
whole command of about 700 men. Lieutenant-Colonel
Canby was at this time in
command of the department of New Mexico,
and made preparations to meet the invasion,
while Major Sibley, of the United States
Army, had joined the Confederates, and with
the rank of brigadier general was ordered in
July to proceed to Texas and organize an expedition
for the purpose of driving Federal
troops out of lNew Mexico. Sibley reached
El Paso with his force about the middle of
December, and issued a proclamation inviting
his old comrades to join the Confederate
army, but met with no response.
Early in 1862 Colonel Canby made Fort
Craig, on the Rio Grande, his headquarters.

91

Lewis Publishing Company, publisher. History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Williamson, Bastrop, Travis, Lee and Burleson counties : containing a concise history of the state, with portraits and biographies of prominent citizens of the above named counties, and personal histories of many of the early settlers and leading families. Chicago. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth29785/. Accessed May 28, 2015.