Texas Heritage, Winter 1985

Exhibitions: "Creating Tomorrow's
Heritage"
The twenty buildings represented in
the exhibition are:
San Antonio Missions:
(The five missions are counted as a
single listing)
Mission Concepcion, San Antonio,
1731
Mission Espada, San Antonio, 1731
Mission San Juan Capistrano, San Antonio,
1731
Mission San Jose, San Antonio, 1739
The Alamo, San Antonio, 1744-1777
Governor's Mansion: Austin, 1856,
Richard Payne (design architect) and
Abner Cook (Builder). Restored by
Burson Hendricks and Walls.
State Capitol: Austin, 1888, Elijah E.
Meyers.
Old Red: Galveston (University of
Texas Medical Branch), 1890, Nicholas
Clayton.

Bishops Palace: Galveston, 1892,
Nicholas Clayton.
aElis Cou0 County ourthouse: Waxahachie,
1896, James Riely Gordon.
Battle Hall: Austin (University of
Texas), 1910, Cassi Gilbert.i

Lovett Hall: Houston (Rice University),
1932, Cram Goodhue and
Ferguson .: " t 0; ::: : : , I

Highland Park Village: Dallas, 1931,
Fooshee and Cheek, renova iy Selzer
Associates, 1982. 1 ::;;
Elbert Williams Hou.e Dallas,1932,
David R, Williams= ; ;; i ti
hir Pa^: Dlas,1936, Ge
(executive architect), Pul Cret (design
consultant);. i -i':,; f::: : ,,, :. ;0000) '^ ^ : ^ f

Chapel in the Woods: Denton (Texas
Woman's University), 1939, O'Neil
WFiorand Arch B. Swank.
Trinity Un rity : San Antonio,
1949, O'Neil Ford and Bartlett Cocke.
Texas Instruments Semi-Conductor
Building: alas, 1958, O'Neil Ford
and Richard Colle. Associate architects:
Arch B. Swank and Sam Zisman.
enneco BuildiMng: Houston, 1963,
Skidmore Owings and Merrill.
KunellMusum:Fort Worth, 1972,
Louis Kahn. Associate architects:
Preiston M. Geren & Associates.
Museum ofFine Arts Houston 1973
Mies van derRoh . :

Paseo De Rio: San Antonio, 1938,
Robert H. H. Hugman .g

Texas Architectural Treasures

If the home of the Anglo-American
and European frontiersman had only a
single room, the entrance was apt to be
located near the center of the front.
But if a house instead had two rooms,
then the entry way into either of the
rooms was more likely to be from a
corridor that separated the two rooms
from one another. This passageway
was sometimes left completely open at
both ends. If the corridor was an open
passageway, then each of the two rooms
was constructed as a separate entity
complete with four walls. The two
rooms were then apt to be covered by a
single, saddleback roof that bridged
over the central corridor. This arrangement
with an open hall between two
rooms under a single roof is known as
a dog-trot house. The type, which is
also found in other southern states, became
relatively common in East Texas.
Both single-room houses and dog-trot
houses were apt to be enlarged over
a period of time. Sheds were often
added to the backs of the buildings,

and second stories were sometimes
constructed above the original rooms.
Often a porch was attached to the front
of the house to provide shade from the
summer sun. Frequently, a dog-trot
house had a single porch extending
across the full width of the front of the
building. The Gano Log House, which
was built near Dallas in 1845-1846, is
an example of a dog-trot house that
was enlarged with the additions of a
porch, a second story, and two rear
sheds.
After Texas became part of the United
States in 1845, the architectural styles
of the northern and eastern states
began to inundate the region. These
styles had developed as part of the
romantic historicism of eighteenthcentury
and early nineteenth-century
Europe and the English colonies of
North America. Among the various
romantic revivals of historic architectural
styles that swept across the
United States, the Greek Revival be

came the dominant style during the
Ante-Bellum era of the 1840s, 1850s
and 1860s. The style, which is also
termed Neo-Greek, was regarded as a
reincarnation of the forms of the Golden
Age of classical Greece of the fifth
century B.C., a period that was nostalgically
deemed to be immensely preferable
to the Industrial Age of the
nineteenth century. The Greek Revival
is often labeled Southern Colonial, although
it was neither limited to the
south nor dating from the colonial
period.
In the early 1850s, several prime examples
of the Greek Revival were built
in Austin by Abner Cook. The NeillCochran
House is, like most Greek
Revival buildings in America, constructed
at least partly in wood. Some
aspects of the design emulate the forms
of ancient Greek temples, which were,
in contrast, built with finely carved
marble masonry. The elements borrowed
from the ancient Greeks include
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Texas Historical Foundation. Texas Heritage, Winter 1985. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth45443/. Accessed October 1, 2014.