Texas Heritage, Fall 1983

Welcome new and
renewed members

Welcome New Members
Pittman & Associates, Inc., Tarrant
Beaumont Heritage Society, Jefferson
Garrett Antiques, Hopkins
Mr. Maurice Acers, Dallas
U. Daughters of the Confed., Brazoria
Strack Intermediate School, Harris
Ms. Agnes Abbot, Travis
Mr. C. M. Abernathy, Gregg
Ms. Julian H. Acker, Bell
Mr. & Mrs. Baxter Adams, Harris
Ms. Betty P. Adams, Bexar
Mr. James R. Allison, Harris
Ms. Cornelia Adams, Travis
Mr. James M. Alexander, Taylor
Mrs. Jewell Ali, Harris
Mr. Valton Allen, Jr., Travis
Mr. & Mrs. James Allison, Harris
Mr. Nathan Allred, Lubbock
Mr. W. W. Altgelt, Bexar
Mrs. M. A. Arthur, Harris
Mrs. Camille B. Amy, Jefferson
Mrs. A. M. Anderson, Brazoria
Mr. M. S. Anderson, Harris
Mr. Garrett Antiquci, Hopkins
Ms. Mousiza C. Ashmore, Houston
Mr. H. K. Atwood, Harris
Mrs. Trudy Baiamonte, Harris
Mr. & Mrs. Solomon W. Barrow, Har
Mr. Layton W. Bailey Jr., Dallas
Mr. Robert L. Bailey, Gregg
Mr. Gilbert Baker, Harris
Mr. W. P. Barlow Jr., Dallas
Mrs. Janie L. Barthel, Anderson
Ms. Joanna Bassham, Tarrant
Mr. Walter H. Baxter, Hidalgo
Mr. John H. Biggar, Travis
Mrs. Grace Beckum, Tarrant
Mr. R. Bernstein, Travis
Mr. Jimmie D. Biddle, Falls
Mr. & Mrs. W. H. Billingsley, Travis
Ms. Lavinia B. Bircher, Fort Bend
Ms. Eleanor S. Bird, Bexar
Mrs. Yvonne B. Blodgett, Travis
Dr. & Mrs. E. A. Blackburn, Harris
Mr. Robert Blackburn, Harris
Mr. David C. Bland Jr., Harris
Mrs. Angeline Boehnke, Fayette
Mr. W. M. Borchers, Comal
Mrs. Rena J. Boyd, Brazos
Mr. & Mrs. Earl Bradley, Eastland
Ms. J. C. Bradley, Collingsworth
Mrs. T. L. Brammett, Harris
Mrs. A. E. Breedlove, Harris
Mr. Cecil Boulware, Montgomery
Mrs. Louise Broadway, Harris
Mr. Wm. Brochers, Comal
Mrs. J. G. Browder, Harris
Mrs. J. 0. Brown, Coryell
Ms. Jean W. Brown, Harris
Mrs. Steve Brown, Wilbarger
Mr. Kelly B. Buechler, Dallas
Ms. Pauline A. Burgher, Harris
Mr. John C. Burks, Travis
Mr. Larry Burrow, Harris
Mrsd. J. V. Buster, Galveston
Mr. John Butler, Harris
Mrs. John P. Caffee, Comal
Mrs. Jean H. Cahill, Bell
Mrs. Dorothy H. Cargill, Tarrant
Mrs. Linda Carmichael, Harris
Ms. Patricia M. Caroon, Travis
Mr. & Mrs. Harold D. Carter, Dallas
Mr. John F. Carter, Chambers
Mr. Gilbert Carvajal, Bexar
Mrs. Cindy Casey, Lamar
Mr. R. M. Casseb, Bexar
Mr. W. D. Cater, Bexar
Mr. A. R. Caudle, Smith
Mr. J. M. Cheesmen, Jefferson
Mrs. Sonja Clayton, Taylor
Mrs. Sonja Clayton, Taylor
Ms. Mary L. Clifton, McLennan
Ms. Ann Lee Close, Ochiltree
Mrs. Charles S. Coates, Grimes
Mr. James Coffin, Dallas
Mrs. Howard S. Cohen, Dallas
Dr. R. V. Colpitts, Harris
Mrs. Monroe Corkill, Kleberg
Mrs. Betty Cook, Wilbarger
Mr. John R. Cook, Stephens
Ms. Irene Copeland, Nueces
Ms. Virginia H. Copeland, Travis

Mr. Shaw Cranfield, Harris
Mr. Ivan B. Creswell, Smith
Mrs. J. E. Crews, Travis
Mrs. Lea H. Criswell, Harris
Mrs. Hiram L. Cudd, Collingsworth
Mr. Stewart Cureton Jr., Harris
Mrs. Faye B. Curry, Hale
Mr. Richard N. Dale, Harris
Mr. M. L. Dalton, Dallas
Mrs. Orleath 0. Dammann, Bexar
Ms. Patricia B. Daniel, Harris
Dr. Jerry Daniels, Galveston
Mrs. V. J. Daniels, Harris
Ms. Grace Daubert, Bexar
Mr. H. David, Harris
Mrs. Wm. C. Davies, Scurry
Mrs. Charles H. Davis, Coregg
Mr. D. I. Davis, Harris
Mr. Tom M. Davis Jr., Harris
Mr. Frank Davis, Harris
Ms. Judy Davis, Bell
Ms. Kay C. Davis, Bexar
Mrs. Martha I. Davis, Harris
Mr. W. L. Davis, Harris
Mr. & Mrs. Ken Debower, Travis
Mr. Robert Dedman, Dallas
Mr. J. Delamarre, Dallas
Mr. R. A. Delaney, Brazoria
Corbett Higdon Demskey, Ector
ris Ms. Kathleen K. Dennis, Bexar
Mr. Kleber J. Denny, Harris
Mr. Dwain Dent, Tarrant
Mr. James Depitts, Harris
Mrs. Peggy H. Dickerson, Dallas
J. A. Dotson, M.D., Navarro
Mr. M. I. Dickey Jr., Rusk
Mr. & Mrs. M. P. Donaldson, McLennan
Mrs. W. D. Dorman, Harris
Mr. J. T. Dorsey, Harris
Mr. Ed L. Downing, Travis
Ms. Fane Downs, Taylor
Mr. Bill Doyle, Travis
Mr. C. M. Drysdale, Tarrant
Mrs. James E. Dupont, Brazos
Mr. Harold Durham, Henderson
Ms. Wilona Dyson, Harris
Mr. H. N. Eagleton, Harris
Mrs. Jeane E. Echols, Cameron
Mr. Ralph H. Echols, Jr., Dallas
Mr. Martin Edwards, Rockwall
Dr. J. P. Emmite, Lamar
Ms. Mona Edwards, Hood
Dr. Jack Eidson, Parker
Mrs. Marian Ellert, Harris
Mrs. Edward Ellis, Jr., Harris
Mr. Gilbert Endres, Cooke
Mr. & Mrs. Buford B. Enswelw, Harris
Mr. Tim Evans, Tarrant
Mr. & Mrs. Carl B. Everrett Jr., Dallas
Mr. John W. Fainter, Travis
Mrs. Mattie S. Fancher, Travis
Mr. & Mrs. W. B. Farrow, Dallas
Mrs. John T. Files, Harris
Ms. Nell Fitzwilliam, Bastrop
Mr. D. P. Fontana, Dallas
Mr. Marshall Formby, Hale
Ms. Jane W. Fountain, Travis
Dr. & Mrs. C. J. Fraim, Cameron
Ms. Sheila Frank, Lubbock
Mr. Anthony E. Frederick, Harris
Mr. John Fredrickson, Dallas
Mrs. John H. Freeman Jr., Harris
Mr. Victor Frysinger, Cameron
Mr. Richard Gaertner, Lavaca
Mr. Bobby E. Gaines, Anderson
Ms. Linda Gamble, Tarrant
Mrs. James Garner, Dallas
Mr. Donald M. Garton, Midland
Mr. Robert E. Gay, Harris
Mr. Ray D. George, Brazoria
Ms. Alice K. Gerfers, Kendall
Ms. Alice K. Gerfers, Kendall
Mrs. W. R. Gibson, Tarrant
Mr. & Mrs. J. E. Gilbert, Tarrant
Ms. Marsha Gillan, Harris
Mrs. W. Glasscock Sr., Medina
Mr. & Mrs. L. E. Glenn, Harris
Mr. John T. Golden, Harris
Ms. Barbara Goletz, Bexar
Mr. & Mrs. H. W. Gooden, Travis
Mrs. Marie Goynes, Smith
Mr. H. L. Grant, Harris
Ms. Carol A. Grass, Brazoria
Dr. J. W. Gray, Dallas

Mr. & Mrs. Dick Gregg, Harris
Mr. & Mrs. Fred Griffin, Harris
Mr. John W. Griffin, Navarro
Ms. Sylvia Griffin, Harris
Ms. Joan M. Griffith, El Paso
Mrs. Hall Griggs, Brazoria
Mrs. Barbara B. Groom, Dallas
Mr. & Mrs. Ed Groth Jr., Harris
Mr. William H. Guion, Bexar
Ms. Kathleen Gunn, Bexar
Mr. G. W. Gutches, Cameron
Mr. Morris Gydeson, Waller
Mr. Luke Hagood, Kimble
Mr. William H. Haight, Bexar
Dr. Curtis R. Haley, San Augustine
Mr. & Mrs. Ed 0. Haltom Jr., Dallas
Ms. Thelma I. Hammerling, Bexar
Mr. John R. Hancock, Runnels
Mrs. John W. Hancock, Wharton
Mrs. L. B. Harbison, Tarrant
Ms. Billie Hardee, Orange
Mrs. W. G. Harlan, Navarro
Ms. Mary E. Harle, Travis
Mr. Terrell R. Harper, Dallas
Mrs. Thomas E. Harral, Burnet
Mrs. Martha D. Harrison, Dallas
Mrs. Nancy H. Harrison, Montgomery
Mr. Charles R. Hayes, Dallas
Mr. Albert F. Hausser, Bexar
Ms. Nancy C. Hawkins, Brazos
Ms. Dorothy D. Headrick, Dallas
Mr. & Mrs. Wilton P. Hebert, Jefferson
Ms. Mary Rose S. Hedberg, Nueces
Leslie Heinsohn, Austin
Mr. Mike L. Hendricks, Dallas
Mr. M. L. Hesselmann, West Germany
Mr. & Mrs. G. R. Heye, Comal
Mr. Joseph M. Hill, Johnson
Mrs. Gerald D. Hines, Harris
Mr. & Mrs. Armando Hinojosa, Webb
Mrs. Barbara Hissong, Harris
Mr. Reagan Houston, Bexar
Mrs. Yvonee Hogan, Harris
Ms. Margaret Holcomb, McLennan
Mr. P. A. Hopkins, Harrison
Mr. I. T. Houston Jr., Dallas
Mr. Herbert R. Howard, Dallas
Mr. & Mrs. Robert C. Howe, Bexar
Mr. James S. Hudnall, Smith
Mr. Edward B. Hudson, Tarrant
Mr. Fred 0. Hull Jr., Travis
Dr. & Mrs. Harold E. Hunt, Lamar
Ms. Marti W. Ingraham, Harris
Ms. Joan Isaacs, Harris
Mr. R. B. Jamison, Tarrant
Mrs. B. N. Jeffrey, Liberty
Mr. & Mrs. J. A. Jenkins, Chambers
Mrs. Carl Y. Jobe, Harris
Ms. Glenda S. Jennison, Bexar
Mr. Ralph M. Jentsch, Karnes
Mrs. Jerry F. Jircik, Brazoria
Mr. Lauren Johndro, Wichita
Mr. & Mrs. Ben Johnson, Midland
Ms. Carol S. Johnson, Comal
Ms. Donna Johnson, Hays
Mr. Hubert Johnson, McLennan
Ms. Katherine Johnson, Hays
Mr. Monte D. Johnson, Bell
Mrs. Eliot A. Johnston, Navarro
Mr. B. R. Jones, Ector
Ms. Camille Jones, Hidalgo
Dr. F. R. Jones, Lamar
Ms. Julie D. Jones, Harris
Mr. & Mrs. William 0. Karcher, Travis
Mr. Edward Kehoe, Tarrant
Mr. John E. Keith, Hood
Mrs. Ana Kelley, Lubbock
Mrs. P. M. Kelly, El Paso
Ms. Betty S. Kelso, Kendall
Mr. & Mrs. Sledge W. Killion, Dallas
Mrs. Margaret Kennedy, Tarrant
Mr. John B. Kerr III, Harris
Mr. J. B. Kevil, Tarrant
Mr. J. Killgore, Tom Green
Mr. & Mrs. Sledge W. Killion, Dallas
Mrs. Ralph H. King, Travis
Mr. Richard Kinney, Harris
Mr. & Mrs. J. J. Knaupp, Bexar
Mr. Louis Knox, Lee
Mr. Boone LaGrange, Starr
Mrs. Frank A. Ladd, Potter-Randall
Ms. Carole Lake, Travis
Mr. Michael Lampe, Harris
Mr. W. A. Landreth Jr., Tarrant

Mr. Bob Lanier, Harris
Mr. R. L. Lankford, Hays
Mrs. Finis F. Larrison, Walker
Mr. Carl C. Lavery, Fort Bend
Mr. E. F. Leachman, Harris
Ms. Edith Lee, McLennan
Ms. Evelyn Lee, Nueces
Mr. & Mrs. James A. Lee III, Bexar
Mrs. Agnes W. Lehmann, Comal
Mrs. E. G. Lewis, Harris
Mr. Carl Liese, Angelina
Mr. Steve Lilly, Nacogdoches
Mrs. V. F. Lindley, Irion
Mr. Aubrey L. Lockett, Wilbarger
Ms. Frances C. Lockett, Nueces
Mr. & Mrs. Bob Lockhart, Fort Bend
Mr. Larry M. Loftis, Dallas
Ms. Mosettee C. Lorenz, Nueces
Ms. Letitia Lucas, Dallas
Mrs. Margaret A. Luttrell, Dallas
Mr. H. D. Macek, Harris
Mr. & Mrs. Daniel Madeley, Montgomery
Mr. John M. Manley, Comal
Ms. Dorothy Manning, Bexar
Mrs. A. R. Marcus, Travis
Mrs. Marianne Marcus, Harris
Mrs. R. S. Martin Jr., Gregg-Rusk
Mrs. W. T. Matlock, Tom Green
Mr. & Mrs. Larry J. Maxey, Bell
Mr. & Mrs. Ralph Mayer, Val Verde
Mrs. Betty M. McAnelly, Travis
Mrs. Heston McBride, Llano
Mr. Sterling B. McCall Jr., Harris
Mr. W. H. McDugald, Harris
Mr. Robert L. McCamey, Dallas
Mr. 0. G. McClain, Nueces
Dr. & Mrs. Marion W. McCurdy, Bexar
Mr. W. T. McDonald, Brazos
Mrs. M. McGinnis, Nueces
Mr. & Mrs. William F. McLean, Travis
Mr. Hugh McMath, Travis
Mrs. Zula H. McMillan, Dallas
Mr. Alex McPartland, Travis
Mr. & Mrs. James H. McPhail, Harris
Ms. Debbie McSwain, Collin
Mr. Bob Medlar, Bexar
Mr. Walter A. Meeks, McLennan
Mrs. Frances M. Meiser, Travis
Mrs. George K. Meriwether III, Travis
Ms. Susan J. Meller, Travis
Ms. Catherine J. Merchant, Harris
Mrs. Otis Meredith, Harris
Mrs. Charles D. Milby, Harris
Mrs. Fred L. Miller, Tarrant
Ms. Phyllis Miller, Denton
Mr. & Mrs. Terrell V. Miller, Harris
Mrs. Vernon L. Miller, Harris
Mr. Will Minter, Taylor
Ms. Camille W. Mitchell, Wilbarger
Mr. & Mrs. George Mitchell, Montgomery
Mr. & Mrs. L. Mitchell, Hemphill
Mr. Charles V. Mladenka, Harris
Judge & Mrs. Mike Moncrief, Tarrant
Mr. Garrett Morris, Tarrant
Mrs. Denes Monostory, Tarrant
Mr. Chase Moneyham, Smith-Cherokee
Mrs. Harwin C. Moore Jr., Harris
Mr. George P. Morrill II, Bee
Mr. B. D. Morrison, Cherokee
Mr. Neel Morton, Harris
Mr. John J. Murphy, Harris
Col. & Mrs. John Murray, Burnet
Ms. Carolyn Musselman, Shackelford
Ms. Diana J. Naylor, Harris
Ms. Elaine E. Nelson, Dallas
Mr W. 0. Neuhaus. Harris
Mrs. T. E. Neves, Lamar
Mr. R. F. Newman, Ochiltree
Mrs. Jennifer Nicholas, Harris
Mr. Eldon P. Nuss, Harris
Mr. Glidden O'Connor, McLennan
Mrs. Nealtie Ogden, Bexar
Mr. C. E. Olsen, Brazos
Mr. Edward M. Osner, Taylor
Myrtis Outlar, Wharton
Ms. Jenna V. Ownbey, Potter-Randall
Mr. James G. Pace II, Smith
Mrs. Jerry D. Parchen, Harris
Mr. Robert L. Park, Harris
Mrs. Doris P. Parker, San Patricio
Mr. & Mrs. David W. Peake, Harris
Mr. & Mrs. Ted Pearsall, Travis
Mr. R. K. Penner, Lubbock
Mr. & Mrs. Carl B. Peters, Llano

I TROUTMAN (continued from page 7)

25, 1839, President Mirabeau Lamar approved
an act of the Texan Congress establishing the
Lone Star flag we see everywhere today.
But why the Lone Star? How had this symbol
of Texas occurred to so many people over such
great gaps of time and geography? Perhaps the
idea was original to Jane Long in 1819 and was
fostered by her after her return to Texas. She
resided in various Texas communities from 1824
until her death in 1880 at the age of eighty-two,
and was described by Noah Smithwick as "leading
the tone" of the colony during the 1830's.
That might account for Sarah Dodson's choice of
the Lone Star, for the Alamo defenders' flag
described by Crockett, for Austin's design as well
as for other flags that appeared in Texas at the
time. But how did it occur simultaneously to
Johanna Troutman in distant Georgia as she began
to stitch "This silken banner! This silken
banner! In glorious triumph soon shall wave,
Oe'r forest wide and green savanna, Borne by the
chivalrous and brave"?
Regarding the Lone Star's genesis, Smithwick
referred the curious to Bancroft, who merely
picked up a questionable anecdote from Thrall:
To wit, that lacking a proper seal at the Consultation
of October, 1835, Governor-elect Henry
Smith was said to have used one of his brass coat
buttons which happened to have a single star
embossed on it.
"Nay!", says the determined researcher to
this trivial note. Even if the dates tallied, no
symbol that inspired such patriotism should have
had such a pedestrian beginning. However, having
come to the end of my rope on the project, I
turned to Deolece Parmelee, the former Director
of Research for the Texas Historical Commission,
whose knowledge of Texana is encyclopedic.
"The answer," Parmelee speculates, "might be
found in the story of Aaron Burr and his dream of
creating an Anglo-American empire in the Southwest."
Burr had proposed that the U.S. seize the
Spanish colonies in the Southwest as early as 1796
and had purchased land in Louisiana presumably
as a staging area for an incursion into Texas.
Such an expedition never occurred as Burr was
arrested in Natchez, Mississippi, for treason and
returned to the North for trial and eventual acquittal.

Had Burr envisioned a Gulf-to-Pacific
empire symbolized by one all-encompassing
American star, not by the multiple stars of the
Federal jurisdiction? And had his ideas influenced
Jane Wilkinson and James Long (both with
connections in Natchez) and spread as far as
Crawford County, Georgia, to affect Johanna
Troutman?
What ever the truth may be, it still eludes
this writer. Hopefully, other researchers can
throw more light on the origins of the Lone Star in
future issues of Texas Heritage magazine. l
Xv

11

Texas Historical Foundation. Texas Heritage, Fall 1983. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth45449/. Accessed July 11, 2014.