Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas

30

BIOGRAPH TCAL

tory. His virtues shine forth as a light unto the
feet of those who seek to tread the pathi of life
with honors to themselves and with benefit to
their fellows.
To this society he leaves the signal honor of
having inscribed his name on the roll of its founders,
and the task of rearing on the site, which you
owe to his munificence, an edifice which may do
honor to the donor and credit to your young Association,
the Alamo Literary Society; a task in
which I trust you will be aided by the wealthier
members of the community.
To the inheritors of his name he has bequeathed
a heritage richer than broad lands, more precious
than fine gold-the name of a just, an upright and
a conscientious man, of one who never compromised
with his convictions, who never bowed the knee
to expediency; and let them ever remember that
the name they bear has long been a synonyme for
honor, integrity and truth.
IJRRAH, PENDLETON, Governor of Texas
from 1863 to the close of the civil war,
'~~ ~ was a native of South Carolina. He early
in life became a lawyer, and settled in
Alabama. He afterward located in Harrison county,
Texas. In 1857 he represented that county in the
Legislature. In 1863 hlie was elected Governor. On
the termination of the war lie sought refuge in
Mexico, and died in Monterey in July, 1865.
BERTS, ORAN MILO, of Tyler, Smith
county, was born in Laurens District,
South Carolina, July 11, 1815. Moved
when quite young, to Alabama, where he
was raised and educated. Graduated at the University
of Alabama, at Tuscaloosa, in 1836, in a
class of twelve, among whom were Hon. Frank W.
Bowden, and I-Ion. Washington D. Miller, who also
came to Texas, and occupied prominent positions
in this State. Most, if not all, of the remaining
members of the class became prominent in other
States. Governor IRoberts moved to Texas in 1841,
and settled in the eastern part of the State, where
he has since resided. HIe was District Attorney
of his district in 1844-5; appointed District Judge
in 1846, and continued on the district bench until
1851. Upon the death of Hon. Abner S. Liscomb,
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, in 1857,

Governor Roberts was nominated by the bar of
Austin, to the vacancy, notwithstanding up to thlat.
time, he had never been west of the Bnrazos river,
and consequently was personmlly unknown at tho
capital. His nomination was seconded hy the bar
of Ellis, and other counties in nortthern and eastern
Texas, and lie was elected to tite hlonirable
position, his opponents being 'lion Peter WV. (ray.v
of Houston; Hon. Benjamin (. Franuiklin, of Galveston.
and lion. Thomas J. Jennings, oif Smith
county.
In 1861, while still Associate Justice oif the Stupreme
Court, Governor Roberts was elected frmn
Smith county, a miember of the C'onstitutionial (secession)
Convention, of which l.oidy lI war, el,ctett
President by acclamation. In t1862 Ie reimned hin
seat on the bench and entered the (mConfedtrate
.army, and was elected colonel of the Eh.,wventh
Texas infantry, with which he servedt in the TransMississippi
Departiment, " Walker's DiHvisiio,1 tluring
the greater part of the campaigns 4f that gallant
corps in Arkansas and Louisiana. In 18fi-,
and while hlie was with his conmmand, G{overnor
Roberts was elected Chief J.ustice of th. Suprmn
Court, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the deatk
ef Hon. Royall T. Wheeler. After the 'lose of tih.
war, he returned to his homne in South ounty, amn
resumed the practice of his profession. lie, wa.s
elected a member of the ConstitItiMona Conmvention
of 1866, and made chairman of tieJutdicir -Committee
of that body, which was composed of somne
of the very ablest representative men of the StaIte.
On the 24th of August, in the samie year i1tii)
he was elected by the legisliture a Senator inll t
United States Congress for twhe unexpiretd term
ending March 4th, 18(69; Ins colleague leted at
the smale time, being the vmenorable ex-l'residnt,
David G. Burne,t, now deceased. Tihev were, liowever,
not permitted to take their seats in Conress
-the "Reconstriction Act" 'uaving h coic a law,
and the seceding States remaind!l to uilitarv rule..
From 1868 to 1870, (overnor Po'berts was protfessor
in the law school at iilhmer, I'psI! ur coumitv,
still practicing his professioin. In 1874, uIo..0 the
accession of a Democratic State administration, lie,
was re-appointed by G(overnor Coke to his formler
position as Chief Justice of tIe Smpteme Courtr,
and was elected to tle same position by the people,
under the new Constitution, February 5th,
1876, which office he filled until nominated for
Governor by the Democratic State Convention, in
July, 1878, receiving a unanimous vote of the Convention,
after the withdrawal of all the other candidates.
Thereupon, he resigned his position an.

. Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas. New York. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5827/. Accessed April 20, 2014.