The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897 Volume 1

12

Laws, Orders and Colntracts

from the city; that congress should convene, as soon as its dispersed
members could be collected; and that all parties should unconditionally
submit to whatever congress might dictate; neither to have any troops
in the city, and the necessary guards to keep order, were to be placed
under the direction of the local civil authority, until congress met. Both
parties complied with this treaty. Congress convened, and on the 39th
of March decided: 1st. That the sovereign constituent congress of the
Mexican nation was in legal session, there being one hundred and three
members present, which was a majority of the whole number, and that
its deliberations were entirely free from all military, or other forcible
restraint. 2d. That the executive power of Mexico, which had existed
since the 19th of May, 1822, up to that time, had ceased. 3d. That this
decree should be communicated to the supreme executive power, which
would be established by congress, for its publication, and Jose M'Aariano Michelena, and Miguel Dominguez
were elected supernumeraries, to fill the places of any of the others
who might be absent until their arrival. An entirely new organisation
of the cifferent branches of the government now took place. On the
8th of April, congress decreed that the coronation of Don Augustin de
Iturbide, was an act of violence and force, and was null; and consequently,
that the resignation of the crown tendered by him, on the 19th
of March, could not be considered by congress, and that the hereditary
succession, and all titles emanating from said coronation, were null; and
all the acts of the last government, from the 19th May, 1822, to the 29th
May, 1823, were illegal, and subject to be revised, confirmed, or revoked
by the government now established; and finally, said decree banished
Iturbide from the Mexican territory forever; but assigned him $25,000
annually, (provided he resided in some part of Italy,) and fixed a pension
of $8,000 annually on his family after his death.
In consequence of the decree of 8th April, Austin presented a memorial
to congress, together with the concession which he had obtained
from the last government on the 18th February; and petitioned congress
to confirm said concession, or dispose of it as that body might deem
proper. On the 1th April, congress passed a decree, referring said
memorial and concession to the supreme executive power, to be confirmed
by that power, should it have no objection to said confirmation;
said decree also suspended, for the future, the law of colonisation. passed
by the Junta Instituyente, the 4th of January, 1823, until a new resolution
of congress on the subject. On the 14th of April. the supreme executive
power issued a decree, in virtue of the act of congress abovementioned,
by which that power confirmed in full, the accession granted
to Austin by the imperial government, on the 18th of February, 1823;
and said decree was circulated by the minister of interior and exterior
relations, Don Garcia Ilueca, to the captain-general of the internal provinces;
and a certified copy of it was' delivered to Austin.
Thus, after one year's detention and exertion in M\exico, Austin, at
last, had the satisfaction of leaving there, with his business despatched
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Gammel, Hans Peter Mareus Neilsen. The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897 Volume 1. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth5872/. Accessed December 21, 2014.